Canada is a growing economic powerhouse that attracts millions of immigrants. Canadian citizenship is among the most desirable immigration options as the country provides one of the highest levels of income and brilliant work opportunities. It also has an efficient government, a safe environment, and great culture. This article is a detailed guide to Canada’s post study work visas, the various categories, and how to apply for one.
Canada tops the list of countries welcoming immigrant workers. The foreigners are also offered a chance to apply for a permanent residency or PR visa. One can seek Canadian citizenship after maintaining the PR status for three years.
Foreigners searching for jobs in Canada may be issued a Canadian Work Permit for a particular duration. They should get in touch with the immigration offices and apply for a suitable work visa on securing a job contract from a Canadian employer.
Employers must get a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) done by the Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). It allows them to recruit skilled foreigners for positions that cannot be filled by PR card holders for Canadian citizens. Many private agencies provide end-to-end services for acquiring a Canadian work permit but you have to find a reliable entity.
Canada Work Permit Visa:
Canada offers fantastic opportunities to foreign workers, inviting approximately 300,000 people to apply for work permits every year. This permit allows you to:
- Work in Canada without any restrictions and remain employed with the company mentioned in your application
- Invite your spouse and family under the Dependent Visa category.
- Earn a living in Canadian dollars.
- Travel freely across the nation.
- Apply for a PR visa after a stipulated period and enjoy a wider range of benefits.
- Enjoy one of the best work cultures in the world.
Who can apply for the Canada Work Permit?
You have to produce evidence of employment to get a work permit. Generally, you have to submit your job offer letter or an equivalent document from your employer. Your applications should be written in English. The work permit is perfect for international students in Canadian universities, temporary workers visiting for a short-term assignment or on-site project at a Canadian company, or business travel.
Here are some of the general eligibility guidelines:
- Commit to leaving the country once your permit expires – You should provide relevant documents as a guarantee such as an airplane ticket, etc.
- Provide proof of funds – You will have to show financial means for sustaining your stay in the country. Your financial status should be sufficient for covering costs like boarding, daily expenses, and healthcare for you and your family.
- Clean criminal record – It is mandatory to have a clean background and to show that you pose no threat to the country.
- Positive Medical records – You might be required to take medical tests and clear them to obtain a work permit.
- Guarantee to work legally – There are certain areas of work considered illegal. You must declare that you have no intention of engaging in activities considered illegal by the government.
- Declare all necessary documents – The immigration officers may demand to see all of your official documents, and you are expected to cooperate.
Below is a list of documents required for securing a work permit in Canada:
- Passport with a validity of at least six months from the date of arriving in Canada.
- Two recent passport-size photographs. It is advisable to have a formal photograph taken against a solid background.
- All certificates relating to educational qualifications.
- Proof of work experiences and other vocational training certificates if applicable.
- Documents stating sufficient financial means to sustain your stay in the country.
- Medical reports acquired from registered medical establishments.
- Receipt of the payment of application charges.
You should assure immigration officers that you will abide by the laws and regulations of the country and that you plan to return to your country as soon as your permit expires. The permits have been rejected on many occasions when officials realized the applicants’ intentions were otherwise. The decision and judgment of the visa interviewer are absolute and ultimate, so try your best to convince them.
Categories of Work Permits:
Let us understand the various types of work permits for foreigners. There are two broad divisions:
- Open Work Permit
An Open Work Permit allows you to work for any employer in the country and you don’t have to mention the job offer while applying. Since it is not specific to any job type or position, you don’t need to provide an LMIA or documents from an employer.
This allows you to switch jobs in the country as long as you do not engage in illegal work. You can be deported or banned from re-entering Canada for engaging in illegal activities.
- Employer Specific Work Permit
As the name suggests, this work permit is granted to those applying to work under a specific employer. This is generally the case if you have secured a job in Canada from your home country or while studying in a Canadian institution. Students need to convert student visas to work visas or apply for a new permit altogether. This type of work permit requires you to remain employed under the specified employer throughout your stay in the country.
The difference between an Open Work Permit and an Employer-Specific Work Permit:
An Employer-specific work permit indicates the employer you will work for and hence, all other details are provided by the specified employer.
However, in case the of an Open Work Permit, certain other conditions and factors are mentioned which may include:
- Nature of work and the job roles
- The specific places you can work at
- The duration you can work for
You may apply for an Open Work Permit in case you hold the following visas:
- Post-graduate Work Permit
- World Youth Program Permit
- Temporary Work Permit for Spouses
- Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program Spousal Permit
- Regular Open Work Permit
- Bridging Open Work Permit
Post-study work visas for students in Canada:
Once you are in the final semester of your study program you will have to decide if you want to work in Canada and continue to live here after graduating. You have to convert your student visa to a work visa if you want to work in Canada after your studies.
A postgraduate work permit or PGWP allows you to remain and work in the country after completing a degree, diploma, or certificate course from a Canadian university for a minimum of eight months. The duration can be extended up to three years. You are allowed to work in any field or with any employer.
Graduates use this time to understand the scope of employment, prepare for interviews, and gain general insight into the work culture.
A PGWP is the first step in advancing towards a more permanent status of residing in the country such as a PR visa or Canadian citizenship. Without a PGWP you will be forced to return to your country once your student visa expires and it gets a bit more complicated than applying for a work visa.
Ways to get a more permanent work visa after studying in Canada:
There are various programs and systems implemented by the Canadian government that you should consider while planning to apply for a visa.
You must have a clear understanding of the following terms before you go through the government programs:
Canada Language Benchmark (CBL) – You have to prove your language proficiency in either English or French to live and work in Canada. CBL is the country’s standard to recognize and assess your skills in these official languages.
National Occupation Code (NOC) – The NOC lists all the Canadian Labor Market occupations describing the jobs according to the skill type and required skill level. You will find these main groups of jobs on the list:
- Skill Type Zero – management jobs
- Skill Level A – jobs requiring a degree from a university.
- Skill Type B – technical jobs usually requiring a diploma or apprentice training.
- Skill Type C – Jobs for high-school graduates or people with job-specific training.
- Skill Type D – Jobs for laborers who will be trained on joining.
You can refer to the following programs offered by the Canadian government for immigrant workers seeking visas:
|Name Of Program||Language Skills||Work Experience||Duration Of Work Experience||Job Offer||Education|
|Atlantic Immigration Pilot||CLB 4||Not Required||Not Required||Required||Two Year Graduate Program from An Institute In Atlantic Canada|
|Canadian Experience Class||CLB In Case of NOC 0 Or A.
CLB 5 In Case of NOC B
|Experience In NOC 0, A Or B From Canada||12 Months||Not Required||Not Required|
|Federal Skilled Trades Program||CLB 5 (Listening/Speaking)
CLB 4 (Reading/Writing)
|Experience In NOC B||2 Years in The Last 5 Years||Required||Not Required|
|Federal Skilled Workers Program||CLB 7||Experience In NOC 0, A, B||1 Year Continuous||Not Required||Secondary Education Required|
|Provincial Nominee Program||Strong English/French Skills Varying by Provinces||May Include Experience in One of The NOC Levels||Province Specific||Province Specific||Province Specific|
|Rural Northern Immigration Pilot||CLB 6 – NOC A
CLB 5 – NOC B
CLB 4 – NOC C OR D
To conclude, you can achieve an immense amount of personal and professional growth while living in Canada. Obtaining a Canadian visa post studies is comparatively easy owing to all the channels and aid that the immigration department of the country offers. You will find all information related to studying in Canada on upGrad Abroad.