Canada or Australia: Which is Better for Indian Students?

Canada or Australia which is better for students

Generally, students wonder about Canada or Australia, which is a better study abroad destination. As Indian and other international students highly prefer both these countries for their superlative educational systems, public amenities, and high quality of life, it’s difficult to choose one for higher education. Yet, there are several parameters that students can carefully assess before making any final decision. 

Important Links: Study in Canada | Study in Australia

Canada or Australia: Which is Better for Students? Key Highlights

The Australia vs. Canada debate has been ongoing among students keen on pursuing higher education in either of these two countries. Coming to the core question, which is better Australia or Canada? Here are some key aspects that you can note in this regard. 

Factors

Australia

Canada

Language of instruction

English

English, French

Average cost of study

AUD 20,000 – AUD 45,000/ year

CAD 25,000/ year 

Average cost of living

AUD 18,000/year

CAD 15,000/ year 

Exams required

IELTS/TOEFL/PTE and GMAT/GRE

IELTS/TOEFL/PTE and GMAT/GRE

Intakes

Three intakes in a year – Semester/Trimester 1, Semester/Trimester 2, Semester/Trimester 3

Three intakes in a year – Fall, Spring, and Summer

Funding sources

Scholarships, aids, and part-time jobs

Part-time jobs, scholarships, bursaries, grants, fellowships

Types of degrees

Diploma (level 5), Associate Degree/Assistant Degree (level 6), Bachelors (level 7), Bachelors Honors (Level 8), Masters (level 9), Doctorate (level 10)

Associate Degree, Undergraduate Degree, Graduate Degree, Doctorate Degree

Top courses

Computer Science and IT, Engineering and Management, Business and Management, Medicines, Health and Science, Law, Arts and Design, Accounting, Education and Teaching

Computer Science and IT Engineering, MBA, Business and Finance, Media and Journalism

Best student cities

Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth, Brisbane

Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Ottawa, Quebec, Calgary, Waterloo

Read More: Study in Australia from India | Career Opportunities in Australia 

Canada vs. Australia for Study: Education System in Both Countries

Which country is better, Australia or Canada, from an educational perspective? We will help you find out. Canada has two types of educational systems offering high-quality education  – private and public- university and colleges. The Canadian education system offers more than 10,000 graduate and undergraduate programs across 213 public colleges and  223 public and private universities. 

On the other hand, the education system in Australia is one of the most sought-after education systems for being well-structured and rightly formulated. Thanks to the AQF or Australian Qualifications Framework that was introduced in 1995. The higher education system in Australia begins with Diploma (level 5) and Doctorate (level 10).

Study in Canada

Type of Institution

Key points

Colleges

Also known as Institutes of Technology or Science, Community Colleges, or Colleges of Applied Arts or Applied Technology, these colleges offer training in applied fields of work.

Universities

Most universities offer undergraduate and graduate programs. However, some also train students to excel in applied fields of work. 

Study in Australia

Type of institution

Key points

Public universities

A number of research institutions fall under this category, and all of them are aided by the government.

Private universities

Cater to short-duration courses.

Private College

Offers bachelor’s and master’s degrees.

TAFE: Technical and Further Education

Focuses on apprenticeships, vocational and work experience courses.

Institutes of Technology/ Australian Technology Network 

Offers courses on technology and practical education

Read More: Cost of studying in Canada for overseas students | Cost of studying in Australia

Top Universities: Australia vs. Canada for Indian students

Many popular universities in Australia and Canada excel in several aspects of teaching and research. Listed below are the top institutions in both the countries as per QS World Rankings 2023 and their average tuition fees.

 

Top Universities According to QS University World Rankings 2023

Australia

Canada

Universities

Average annual tuition fees

Universities 

Average annual tuition fees

The Australian National University

AUD 33,000 – AUD 50,000

McGill University

CAD 21,000 – 56,000

The University of Melbourne

AUD 30,000 -AUD 48,000 

University of Toronto



CAD 30,000 – 58,000

The University of Sydney

AUD 30,000 – AUD 59,000

University of British Columbia

CAD 32,000 – 55,000

The University of New South Wales

AUD 16,000 – AUD 40,000 

University of Alberta

CAD 13,000 – 49,000 

The University of Queensland

AUD 30,000 – AUD 43,000 

University of Montreal

CAD 18,000 – 36,000 

Monash University

AUD 25,000 – AUD 37,000 

McMaster University

CAD 25,000 – 60,000

The University of Western Australia

AUD 23,000 – AUD 53,000 

University of Waterloo

CAD 30,000 – 62,000

The University of Adelaide

AUD 23,000 – AUD 53,000 

Western University

CAD 21,000 – 52,000

University of Technology Sydney

AUD 20,000- AUD 37,000

University of Ottawa

CAD 16,000 – 32,000

University of Wollongong

AUD 20,000- AUD 30,000

University of Calgary

CAD 18,000 – 36,000

In the tussle between Canada vs. Australia, it depends on the students and the courses they want to pursue. Both countries offer a host of courses in engineering, business management, and medicine, which are widely opted for by students across the globe.

Popular courses

Duration

Average annual tuition fees

B.Eng Civil Engineering

3 years

AUD 35,000

BMed + MD

5-6 years

AUD 28,000

LLM 

1 year

AUD 28,000

MBA 

2 years

AUD 60,000

MSc Information Technology

2 years

AUD 30,000 

MSc Data Science

1-2 years

AUD 45,000 

MSc Computer Science

1.5 – 2 years

AUD 35,000 

MA Applied Economics

2 years

AUD 25,000 

Popular courses

Duration

Average annual tuition fee

BSc Nursing

2-4 years

CAD 33,000/ year 

LLM

1-2 years

CAD 20,000/ year 

MSc Nursing

2 years

CAD 44,000/ year 

MEng Aerospace and Engineering

3 years

CAD 38,000/ year

MEng Industrial Systems and Engineering

2 years

CAD 45,000/ year 

MBA

1-2 years

CAD 38,000/ year 

MSc Business Management

1 year

CAD 29,000/ year 

MA Media Studies

2 years

CAD 35,000/ year 

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Academic Requirements/Eligibility Criteria: Canada vs Australia

 

Australia

Canada

Undergraduate/bachelor’s degree

  • Must have completed a total of 12 consecutive years of education
  • English language proficiency requirements – IELTS/ TOEFL
  • Must have completed 12 years of schooling
  • SAT/ACT exam scores (if required by the university)
  • English language proficiency test – IELTS/TOEFL

Masters degree

  • Recognized bachelor’s degree of three or four years
  • Entrance exams, if any
  • GRE or GMAT is necessary 
  • English language requirements – IELTS/ TOEFL for English
  • Must have completed 16 years of education (12 years schooling + 4 years undergraduate studies)
  • Bachelor’s degree with a minimum GPA of 3.0
  • English language proficiency test – IELTS/TOEFL

Academic Cycles/Intakes: Canada vs. Australia

Australia

Canada

  • Semester/Trimester 1 intake spanning from February/early March to late May/early June; with deadlines before October or November
  • Semester/Trimester 2 intake spanning from late July/early August to early September; with deadlines usually falling between April to May
  • Semester/Trimester 3 intake spanning from September to late November; with deadlines falling between September to November
  • Fall intake spans from September–December/early January; with deadlines falling between December to March
  • Winter intake from January–May; with deadlines falling between September and November
  • Summer/Spring intake running from May-August; with deadlines usually falling in February

Cost of Studying for International Students in Canada vs. Australia

In the battle between Canada or Australia, which is better, both countries compete with each other in terms of studies. One common link between the two countries is that the tuition fees for international students are more than for domestic students. The tuition fees also differ across universities and courses in both countries. Therefore, we present to you the average annual tuition fees.

Comparative Study of Cost of Study in Canada and Australia

Degree type 

Average annual tuition fee in Canada

Average annual tuition fee in Australia

Bachelors

CAD 8,000 – 35,000

AUD 30,000 – AUD 400,000

Masters

CAD 10,000 – 52,000

AUD 20,000 – AUD 50,000

Living in Canada vs. Australia – Which is better? 

The cost of living in Australia and Canada for international students depends on the lifestyle of the students. Students interested to know if Australia is better than Canada in terms of living expenses can refer to the table below. 

Expenses 

Average cost per year

Average cost per year

Rent

AUD 1,020 – AUD 5,280

On-campus accommodation: CAD 8,000

Shared Apartment Off-campus: CAD 9,000

Food and expenses incurred on dine-out

AUD 960 – AUD 3,360

CAD 6,000

Transportation

AUD 960 – AUD 1,800

CAD 1,200

Books and supplies

AUD 960 – AUD 1,800 

CAD 800

Miscellaneous 

AUD 3,600 – AUD 6,000

CAD 4,000

Area of specialization for job opportunities in Australia

Average annual salary

Area of specialization for job opportunities  in Canada

Average annual salary

Healthcare

AUD 60,500

Healthcare

CAD 68,611

Statistics/Data Science

AUD 1,15,000

Statistics/Data Science

CAD 87,248

IT & Computer Science

AUD 1,22,445

Chemical Engineering

CAD 75,768

Business Management

AUD 1,10,000

Management

CAD 86,733

Education & Training 

$80,332

Electrical & Electronics Engineering

CAD 56,794

Start Your Study Abroad Journey: Bachelors in Canada | Bachelors in Australia

Best Student Cities

Australia

Average cost of living per year 

Canada

Average cost of living per year 

Sydney

AUD 22,800 – AUD 28,800

Toronto

CAD 22,000

Melbourne

AUD 18,000

Montreal

CAD 15,000

Adelaide

AUD 24,000

Vancouver

CAD 17,000

Perth

AUD 16,200

Ottawa

CAD 15,000

Brisbane

AUD 9,600

Quebec

CAD 20,000

Canada vs. Australia- Permanent Residency 

Canada enables applications for Permanent Residency during the period of the post-graduation work permit under the Canadian Experience Class. Since the country has a lower population, there is a shortage of skilled professionals, so getting a permanent residency is easier in Canada compared to several other countries. 

Getting a permanent residency permit in Australia is a lengthy procedure, and immigration officials usually undertake extensive background checks on aspirants to ensure they are not fraudulent. Owing to a slightly complex procedure, the PR permit may require more time for approval in this case.

Taxation in Canada and Australia

Canada has a higher average practical tax rate of 28%. Employees in Canada earn an average of $35,500 per year in take-home salary. Taxes usually make a huge difference. The annual post-tax wage is what you get.

The average practical tax rate in Australia is 23.6%. The country’s progressive tax rate ensures that higher-income earners pay more tax. The tax-free threshold is $18,200, after which the tax comes in. There is no tax-free threshold for foreign residents in Australia. 

Study Abroad with upGrad Abroad

Students who want to study in Australia or Canada can choose from universities and courses from upGrad Abroad. They get to study for the first year at a partner university in India and then move abroad to study on-campus at an institution of their choice. You can save up to one-fifth of costs and gain 4X ROI post the completion of your degree.

Frequently Asked Questions 

Q1. Which has a lower cost of living- Canada or Australia?

Canada has a lower cost of living than Australia since the latter has higher housing taxes and slightly more expensive food and other miscellaneous expenses. Canada is slightly more affordable than Australia.

Q2. What are the benefits of studying in Canada?

A: Canada is one of the foremost global educational tourism destinations. Canada welcomes visitors with an easier application procedure for visas and immigration policies. Student life is more fun and exciting along with offering high-quality and immersive experiences along with good job opportunities. It has almost a hundred highly accredited universities offering several courses including popular ones like Nursing, Engineering, Business Analytics, Computer Science, Data Science, and Psychology among others. Canada has sizable religious, linguistic, and ethnic diversity while students may also select bilingual courses. Global students can apply for varied scholarships and grants along with financial aid in Canada. It is ranked as one of the world’s best countries to live and work.

Q3. What are the benefits of studying in Australia?

A: Australia is one of the highly popular worldwide educational destinations for international students, courtesy of its highly rated universities and numerous courses and programs that have obtained global accreditation. Language barriers are not there in cosmopolitan and ethnically diverse Australia and there are unique specializations available for courses along with enriching student lifestyles. Australia has excellent opportunities for research and further studies with several universities actively pursuing research and encouraging skilled talents in these initiatives likewise. After-study visas are available for students who wish to work in a more diverse and top-rated work environment in Australia.

Q4. Which country has more job opportunities Canada or Australia?

A: When it comes to job opportunities in Canada or Australia, it is quite similar in both countries, with a good job culture. In Australia, the pay scale is comparatively more than in Canada but getting a job in Australia is quite difficult. On the other hand, it is important to find a decent job in Canada with good pay because there are more occupations in demand for people who have the talent and skillset.

Q5. Australia or Canada – which is better for immigration?

A: If we compare the cost of living and education in both Australia and Canada, it can be ascertained that Canada is better for immigration since it is more affordable than Australia. On the other hand, applying for PR in Canada is also comparatively easier than in Australia.

Q6. Which country is better for MBA – Australia or Canada?

A: In order to decide the best option to pursue MBA, both Australia and Canada are equally good in terms of learning and experience. However, it is important to consider factors such as course curriculum, finance, and future plans before deciding the country that would be ideal for you.

Q7. Which country is more expensive Canada or Australia?

When it comes to expenses, Canada is more affordable than Australia both in terms of cost of living and cost of education. Moreover, the higher housing taxes and expenses incurred on food make Australia comparatively costlier than Canada.

Q8. Canada or Australia, which is better for masters?

Both Canada and Australia are renowned for offering high-quality education to students. The discipline in which you want to pursue a master’s should determine which country to choose. If you want to study Business Management, Nursing, Engineering, Media, Hospitality, and Computer Science, then Canada is the country for you. On the other hand, if you want to pursue a master’s in fields like Information Technology, Accounting, Education, Healthcare, MBA, and Hotel Management, then you can choose Australia.

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