Canada vs. India debate needs a lot of research and in-depth analysis to be fully settled. After all, there are several reasons as to why Canada is better than India and vice versa. Here is a brief comparison that will give you a basic idea.
Canada vs. India- Difference in Standards of Living:
Life in Canada vs. India is a debate with a clear winner (no prizes for guessing!). Of course, Canada has a higher cost of living than India, where everything is cheaper, from local produce and rentals to buying real estate, mobile phones, and even childcare.
However, Canada offers a better lifestyle to residents than India. A big factor behind this is the comparatively lower population in Canada and less pressure on public resources and infrastructure. At the same time, pollution levels are lower there, the weather is better, and the education system is also better managed. Additionally, salaries in Canada are more proportionate in relation to costs of living. Average Canadian citizens earn CAD 55,806 per year, which is INR 33.88 lakhs. Canada is ranked amongst the top 10 global countries that offer the best quality of life. The universal healthcare system is another contributor to the higher well-being of Canadian residents.
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Comparing the Benefits:
Is it worth moving to Canada from India? Experts will naturally answer a big “YES” since the system of public benefits and perks are easier to access due to several factors.
Benefits in Canada-:
There are several benefits of living in Canada, including benefits and pensions for housing, employment insurance, benefits for people with disabilities, training, education, and families. The Canadian government offers free education till grade 12 for children of those who are permanent residents. There is a three-tier education system comprising primary, secondary, and higher education. Tuition fees are also considerably lower at the university level for permanent residents.
It is not just residents; the immigrants also enjoy social security advantages in Canada once they achieve 40 credit points or 10 years of work (40 quarters). Residents can expect attractive job opportunities in the country and rebates on taxes, enabling a higher quality of life. Social benefits include survivors’ benefits for workers who have passed away and retirement payments. Canada is also one of the most peaceful countries in the world. It was ranked on top in 2007 by The Economist as well.
All the Canadian Charter 6 rights secure immigrants with permanent residency. It is a big reason why international students take up jobs after graduating and apply for Canada PR visas.
Canada also offers Universal Healthcare courtesy of the government and health authorities. Medical care is free for all holders of permanent resident visas, which also means financial coverage for prescription medicines.
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Benefits in India-:
India offers numerous benefits to its citizens, although it is not as wide-ranging as those available in Canada. In the public education framework, schooling is free as a fundamental right for those between 6-14 years. As per reports, government healthcare is also free for all citizens, although it comprises just 18% and 44% of outpatient and inpatient care.
Other benefits include systems like EPFO, health insurance, and PPF. Some other schemes include Atal Pension Yojana, Ayushman Bharat Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana for Housing, Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, and many others.
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Education System in Canada vs. India:
Comparing the education systems in both countries throws up some fascinating aspects. Public education is free for kids between 6-14 years of age in India. Compulsory education is free in Canada, although it goes up to Grade 12 (16-18 years of age, depending on the province). Both countries have private schools, with just five percent of students attending them in Canada. The quality of education is top-notch at Canadian public schools. Leading private schools may charge around CAD 6,000-12,000 per year (approx. INR 3.55-7.10 lakhs).
Higher education costs vary across institutions in Canada, hovering between CAD 2,500-8,000 (INR 1.47-4.71 lakhs). It is lower than the educational costs in the USA. At the same time, Canada also has the highest chunk of graduates at the post-secondary level amongst the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development) nations. The Indian education system has primary (K-5th Grade), secondary (6th-10th Grade), and senior secondary (11th and 12th Grades) levels. The higher education framework comprises Bachelor’s, Masters, and Doctorate degrees. Elementary education is eight years, with secondary and senior secondary levels taking up two years each.
Undergraduate degrees require three-four years in most cases, while postgraduate courses require two to three years for completion. As per reports, students in India mostly choose engineering, medicine, IT, law, architecture, and MBA programs. There is growing interest in humanities and pure science courses as well.
The Ontario Senior Secondary Diploma (OSSD) or Canadian High School Diploma can be earned anywhere, with 30 high-school course credits being the requirements. Students should pass the OSSLT (Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test) and engage in community work of 40 hours. It is needed between Grades 9-12, and out of 30 credits, 18 are mandatory. Students may choose the other 12 credits. Mandatory subjects include Science, Mathematics, English, Canadian Geography, Canadian History, French, Arts, Career Studies, Health and Physical Education, and Civics.
Students can integrate additional credits or third languages and humanities, social sciences, and Canadian and World Studies. They can also choose Business Studies, Arts, Physical Education, and Cooperative Education. They can easily convert earlier educational experience into earning credits. The OSSD encourages active community volunteering and engagement. The Grade 10 standardized examination tests students on writing, reading, and comprehension. Students may take an extra course for earning credits in Grades 11 and 12 if they fail to clear the OSSLT even after trying twice. Students get diplomas at par with on-campus Canadian students once they go through the OSSD and gain worldwide exposure. The OSSD has widespread acceptance in the USA, UK, Europe, and Singapore.
The Canadian higher education system is one of the best in the world across diverse fields. The country is home to some of the world’s top universities and colleges, which is the major reason why Indian aspirants choose to study here. Popular fields include Pharmacology, Finance, Management, Business Administration, Software Engineering, Chemical or Petroleum Engineering, Geosciences, and more.
Cost of Living in Canada vs. India
Canada vs. India, which is better? If you look at the cost of living, then you may have a mixed reaction initially. However, it should be stated again that the average salary in Canada vs. India is way higher and more tailored to meet living costs. Indian salaries are nowhere as proportionate to rising inflation and costs of living as average earnings in Canada.
● Utility Costs are CAD143.37 or INR 8,452 (approx) in Canada, while INR 2,386 (approx) in India. It includes water, waste disposal, heating, and electricity charges for an average apartment of 85 square meters.
● Movie tickets cost just INR 175 (approx.) in India, while they cost around CAD 10.79 (INR 636) in Canada.
● Clothing and footwear costs are roughly CAD 91.29 (INR 5,399) in Canada, while around CAD 50.18 in India (INR 2,957).
● Internet costs are CAD18.58 (INR 1,095) and $43.30 (INR 2,552) in India and Canada.
● However, Canadians have 69% higher purchasing power than Indians.
● Average rentals in Canada are five times higher than in India, while real estate rentals are $1,592.39 (INR 93,903) in Canada for a three-bedroom apartment in the City Centre. It is comparatively CAD 388.60 or INR 28,890 for the same type of apartment in India.
● Transportation costs are also 71% higher than in India. A new car (VW Golf in Canada and an equivalent car in India) will cost roughly CAD 20,043.14 or INR 11.81 lakhs in Canada. It will cost around CAD 11,748.63 or INR 6.92 lakhs in India.
It can be said that Canada does have a higher cost of living. However, considerably higher salaries and purchasing power ensure that living standards are also on the higher side here.
According to reports, the average monthly salary after deductions is CAD 2,773.50 in Canada, which is six times higher than in India. It is only CAD 452.11 in India. The figures work out to INR 1.63 lakhs (approx) and INR 26,627, respectively.
Canada Vs India: Which is better?
While better is always a subjective word, there are various factors worth keeping in mind. Firstly, Canada offers a higher standard of living with sizably higher income and purchasing power. Secondly, Canada offers more benefits in terms of education, healthcare, and public infrastructure.
Thirdly, Canada has a globally recognized and cutting-edge education system and is a preferred study hub for international aspirants. Fourthly, Canada offers a globally diverse environment with more scope of innovation and a flourishing job market. These factors make it a better option for future residence, at least for international students and professionals.
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Why is Canada better than India?
Reports have estimated how Canada, even though a costlier country than India, offers a higher standard of living for residents. Along with a better quality of life, Canada offers better healthcare and education systems for its citizens. Canada is also one of the most coveted study destinations for global students, including aspirants from India. It is home to world-class universities and a flourishing economy, enabling more job opportunities and international exposure. All of these factors make Canada a better option, and there are more public benefits on offer as well.
Is it worth moving to Canada from India?
It is certainly worth shifting to Canada from India, especially for those pursuing higher education and looking for rewarding global employment opportunities. Canada offers various public benefits to those holding PR visas, and immigrants enjoy the same facilities as citizens in many cases. Indian citizens have also witnessed more success in Canadian immigration applications than people from other countries. The number of Indians migrating to Canada has increased by leaps and bounds over the last few years. The immigration rules are tailored towards bringing more skilled and qualified immigrants who can contribute to the country’s industrial and economic development.