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IELTS Problem Solution Essays: Cause And Solution Essay IELTS

Updated on 31 October, 2023

Akansha Semwal

Akansha Semwal

Study Abroad Expert

problem solution essay for ielts

IELTS or International English language Testing System is a standardized examination that measures the English language proficiency of non-native English speakers. The writing section of the IELTS test has two tasks. The second task is an essay-writing test that has various question patterns like advantages/disadvantages, opinions, direct questions, and problem-solution questions. Problem solution essay in IELTS is the most common type of question in task 2.

In fact, it is considered to be the most challenging type of essay. In this type of essay, an issue will be given to you, and you need to discuss all the problems and possible solutions with regards to the issue. To further understand these types of problem-solution essays topics of IELTS and learn essay writing skills, let us take a look at all the tips and essay samples. This would surely help in your plans to move abroad or study abroad.

Sample 1 on problem solution essay IELTS

Sample 1

A lot of professionals like doctors and engineers are leaving their poor countries to settle down in developed countries. What are the problems? What can be done to control the situation? 

The immigration of talented young citizens negatively affects the economy of the native country. Brain drain has been a serious concern for poor countries. Young IT professionals, doctors, and engineers are looking out for opportunities with the top employers in developed economies of the world. It has even become a matter of pride to leave one’s country to contribute to a foreign economy. As a result, poor countries are getting poorer, and developed ones are reaching new heights. This can be solved by implementing many different measures, for example, good pay.

The impact of brain drain is alarming and it has caused an economic downturn in poor countries. The conditions created by the phenomenon have led to critical economic degradation and low living standards. It not only affects the economy but also the education and the healthcare sectors. Skills in fields like engineering, medicine, and IT are very important to maintain the key economic sectors like food production, business, healthcare, employment, and education in a country. Lack of basic facilities keeps poor countries from developing and encouraging investment.

The best way to tackle and restrict the brain drain from poor countries is to convert the push factors to pull factors. The government needs to create strategies and employment opportunities to increase the retention of talent. The poor countries can put a check on this by offering better work conditions, better pay, and a promising job market. The young generation is likely to stop immigrating if they can access a developed job market with better pay in their native country. This is one way of retaining the skills that the country needs to grow and develop.

Another way can be developing infrastructure for training and research programs to help the doctors and engineers work in their home countries after completion of their courses.

Lastly, better living standards should be offered in order to retain young talents. It is a positive way to inspire the talents to stay back and work for their own economy and develop it.

Another key reason for choosing Canada is the country’s welcoming nature as Canada is a melting pot where people of different ethnicities live together without fear of racial discrimination. Canada greets overseas students in a safe environment and offers the best quality of life and job opportunities.

I would like to conclude by saying that the solutions offered above will be financially demanding, and the poor countries have to look for financial aids to implement these strategies.

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Sample 2 on problem solution essay IELTS

Many countries do not show enough respect towards the elderly. What are the problems associated with this? List the possible solutions.

Being respectful towards the elderly is not in fashion. It is a fast eroding culture in developed countries. This is causing serious troubles both on individual and societal levels. Personal priorities are important in modern society but at the cost of what? This is an alarming aspect, but it can be tackled if proper solutions and strategies are adopted. 

Joint families are gradually losing their hold over modern societies. It is difficult to stay connected with the change in our lifestyle and daily priorities. There are a lot of issues emerging due to this change in the approach towards the elderly. 

The work pattern and lifestyle are undergoing major shifts. If one closely observes a corporate worker it becomes amply clear that the person does not have time for himself/herself, let alone others. Work pressure and competition have affected moral values and the race to earn money almost takes away a major portion of the life of the younger generations. After meeting strict deadlines and targets, individuals come home drained both mentally and physically. This need for financial stability has taken a toll on morality in Individuals. 

However, what is sad amid all this is the fact that the elderly at home are neglected. They do not have anyone to talk to. Even after having a full-fledged family, they are alienated. Not only this. The health conditions of older generations deteriorate as they do not get adequate care. The number of suicides among the elderly has seen a rise. Some even abandon their homes to live a lonely life.

The elderly generation is suffering from physical abuse and assault as well. Many such cases happen daily in developed economies, and it is depressing. It is also common these days to find elderly homeless seeking shelter in government camps, and their numbers are only rising. The idea of a family seems to be a myth as the older generations, the pillars of the family carrying values and traditions face neglect.

Solutions need to be implemented both at societal and individual levels to address this concern. There should be awareness programs on family values and the roles played by the elderly. Companies should offer work-life balance to employees so that they can have more family time. The elderly deserve attention, care, and respect. The government should implement strict laws and punishment for those that harm the elderly. Lastly, education will play an important role. The school curriculum should also include sessions and programs on elderly care and importance so that the child grows up with the right values. 

As per my opinion, the cycle of life keeps moving and if we are disrespectful today, we will receive the same in the future. Elderly generations are the pillars of the family. We do not have the right to disrespect those that have made uncountable struggles and sacrifices just to bring us up. Elderly concerns need to be dealt with priority.

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Tips to write a problem solution essay

  • The word count of the task 2 essay is a minimum of 250 words. There is no upper word limit.
  • You have 40 minutes to complete the essay writing task. The duration of time cannot be extended under any circumstances.
  • The essay structure is divided into four parts for a problem-solution question – introduction, problem, solution, and conclusion. The introduction will have the opening lines and a complete overview of the entire essay. The problem part will have all the problems and the solution part will have the measures and solutions to the problem. The conclusion will have your opinion and summary. 
  • In a problem-solution essay, your focus should be on two things, problem and solution. You need to answer to yourself, what are the problems caused due to this and what are the measures that can reduce the problem or what are the possible solutions to handle the problems.
  • Do not list the problems and solutions in bullet points. You need to simply state 2-3 problems and solutions, and expand your ideas and thoughts about them. 
  • Do not write problems and solutions that are not directly related to the question. For example, if you are asked about the problem caused due to overpopulation, you cannot write about problems caused by globalization. 
  • Identify the keywords, and relate them with problems and solutions about that keyword. For example, the keyword in the second sample is ‘elderly’, so focus on the problems caused to the elderly. 
  • Link problems to solutions while writing a problem solution essay in IELTS to score band 9. You may have amazing ideas for problems, but if you cannot link, it all goes wrong. 
  • Do not write solutions that do not look realistic.
  • Paraphrasing is important. You need to increase the readability of the essay so that it urges the examiner to read the entire essay. 
  • The conclusion cannot have any new problem or new solution. It should be a summary of all that you have already stated in the entire essay. Choose the right words, to sum up, your essay within 4-5 lines. 
  • Use idioms wherever you feel necessary. Do understand the meaning and if it is relevant, only then place it.
  • The essay should be grammatically correct. Make sure there are no errors with punctuation, spelling, verbs, adjectives, and tenses. 
  • Proofread your essay after you complete writing it. When you proofread you will be able to scan some minor or major grammatical errors. Keep 1-2 minutes, in the end, to proofread and do the needful. 
  • Do not write lengthy sentences. Instead, frame short and crisp sentences.
  • Some questions will ask about reasons and solutions, and not problems and solutions. So, read the question very carefully before you start working on your essay. 
  • Answer all parts of the essay equally. If you answer one part and ignore the others, the essay will be incomplete.
  • Keep the tone semi-formal. Do not use informal and personal words.  
  • Practice various problem solution essays so that you have an idea about attempting the question correctly. Practice both simple and advanced topics. 
  • If any fact or statistical data is being used, make sure they are valid. It cannot be hypothetical numbers. The examiners do cross-check when you write sentences like ‘ 58% of elderly are affected.’ It is better to avoid using facts if you are not aware of them. 
  • Use collocations, linking words, and phrases so that your essay is accurate and looks colorful.

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Problem Solution Essay IELTS topics 

Some of the topics for the task 2 problem and their solutions are provided here for the candidates to start their practice. You can choose any one of the topics and start practicing by following all the instructions laid out in the article above:  

Q. Nowadays many people complain that they are struggling with sleep. What problems can cause insomnia in people? What can be done for a good night's sleep?

Q. Average life expectancy is increasing in developed nations. What problems will it cause for individuals and society? Mention some steps that can be taken to reduce the impact of aging populations.

Q. Stress has become a big problem in many countries across the globe. What are some of the elements in modern society that lead to stress? How can we mitigate stress?

Q. Global warming is one of the grave problems that the world is encountering today. What are the causes of it and what measures can be taken to tackle the issue?

Q. The quality of air and water is declining due to the industrial effluents and construction sights. What steps could be taken to mitigate this?

Q. Nowadays, many people are struggling with obesity. What are the factors that contribute to this problem? What are the effects?

Problem Solution Essay Structure

By now, you must have understood the problem-solution essays and their different kinds. Now, it is time to pay attention to the structure of the problem solution essay. The structure can be taken as a reference to write an excellent essay.

Generally, the essay will have four elements if it demands you to write about the problem, its causes, and its solutions. The structure will vary depending on what the question demands.The general problem-solution essay structure is mentioned below:

  1. Introduction
  • Paraphrase the question
  • Cite one key problem and its cause

2) Main body (Problem or Cause)

  • Cite the problem or cause
  • Support the statement with suitable examples 

3) Main body paragraph (Solution)

  • Cite the solution
  • Give details about the problem and write about the remedial measures
  • Provide examples

4) Conclusion

  • Summarize your essay by enlisting all the important information in conclusion.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to write a problem-solution essay for IELTS?

Writing a problem-solution essay for the IELTS exam can be a challenging task but with a few important key points in mind, it can be made easy. 

The problem-solution essay for IELTS requires you to write about the problem, cause, and solutions. In some cases, only feasible solutions are asked. Therefore it becomes very important that you are attentive to the demands of the question and do not fall astray.

The essay is divided into the following parts:

Introduction- Identify the problem and elaborate on the same. It should constitute 60-80 words in length.

Body- State reasons for the problem and cite the possible solutions to curb the problem. It should constitute 100-120 words in length. 

Conclusion- In this part, you need to summarize all the points or ideas that you have mentioned in the essay. It should not be more than 60-70 words in length.

What are the instructions for a problem-solution essay?

The instructions for the problem solution essay can be categorized under the following :

  • IELTS Problem and Solution Essay: What are the problems related to a particular thing and how that can be resolved or curbed?
  • IELTS Cause and Solution  Essay: What is the cause for this problem? What are the remedial measures th

at can be taken to solve the problem?

IELTS Solution Essay: Cite potent measures that can be taken to solve a particular problem.

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Akansha Semwal

Study Abroad Expert

Akansha Semwal is a content marketer at upGrad and has also worked as a social media marketer & sub-editor. Experienced in creating impressive Statement of Purpose, Essays, and LOR, she knows how to captivate the attention of Admissions Committee. Her research-driven;study-abroad articles helps aspirants to make the prudent decision. She holds a bachelor's & master's degree in Literature from the University of Delhi.

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The above tips are the Author's experiences. upGrad does not guarantee scores or admissions.