capital punishment essay ielts

Capital Punishment Essay for IELTS- Samples to Help You Out

Updated on 01 February, 2022
Mrinal Mandal

Mrinal Mandal

Study Abroad Expert

The capital punishment essay in IELTS is one of the common topics for the examination. You should structure your essay carefully to maintain the minimum word count of 250 words while also sticking to the time limit of forty minutes to complete. Here are some samples that will help you practice the essay seamlessly. 

Capital Punishment Essay IELTS Samples

Question- Without capital punishment (the death penalty)our lives are less secure, and crimes of violence increase. Capital punishment is essential to control violence in society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? You should write at least 250 words. 

Essay 1 - 

The death penalty's role can only be debated after pondering over the need for any punishment and the purpose it serves. If punishment is imposed to prevent the guilty individual from repeating the offense, then the argument tilts towards doing away with capital punishment. 

However, another aspect of the issue should be carefully examined, i.e., punishment is also useful when it impresses upon people about something wrong that has occurred and instills a fear of the law in them.

Suppose a young member of society, who has always been exposed to perennial violence and disruption and under the influence of older criminals, does not have any prevalent societal aim other than survival. This type of individual may be easily lured to kill someone for money or protection. Why would such an individual even fear the law and jail time? Life would be easier for such hardened individuals in prison. Penalties are often reduced in jails for good behavior and cooperation. Hence, this young individual should be taught that law is the guiding light of society.

Breaking the law may lead to serious punishment and even loss of life. From this context, it can be said that capital punishment helps in widening the gulf between petty offenses and violence and the act of murder. Abolition of capital punishment will reduce the differences between petty and serious crimes, leading to wholly unwanted consequences. 

However, even if the death penalty cannot be bypassed in some cases, it is not right to implement it for all serious crimes. If there is no past precedence or principle to justify the penalty, it is too stringent to be applied in many cases. Hence, to conclude, it can be stated that the law has a crucial role to play in the definition of scenarios and contexts which merit capital punishment while taking steps to instill the fear of the law itself amongst all citizens. 

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Essay 2 - 

Crime rates have jumped considerably across the world, as per several reports. For controlling the spiraling crime rate, authorities should emphasize punishments such as life imprisonment for specific crimes and even the death penalty or capital punishment, depending upon the severity of the offense. The Government should implement such regulations to enhance social security and order. 

Many incidents periodically occur and shock society with their heinous nature. We have read about criminals killing their parents, siblings, spouses, and even children. We have seen plots to kill acquaintances, relatives, and friends. If there is no legal framework for stopping such incidents, it would negatively impact any society and its people. Capital punishment is needed for instilling fear amongst wayward citizens about the consequences of taking a life, i.e., the loss of life itself. 

The death penalty may be the sole mechanism for sufficiently punishing those guilty of gruesome and serious crimes and may help in the direct reduction of violence to a great degree worldwide. We have often witnessed instances where women have been brutally raped and murdered by a group of perpetrators. Capital punishment for such violators is the only way to create a deterrent and bring down future instances of such crimes. If society endorses and accepts capital punishment, the crime rate automatically reduces as a result. 

Capital punishment sends out a strong message that there are no second chances for severe offenses. The theme of reforming hardened murderers and allowing them to lead dignified lives does not hold water when they have taken the lives of their fellow citizens. Of course, there are some instances where the law has to take the responsibility of clearly defining the measure of guilt, i.e., an unwarranted accident or killing in self-defense.

To sum up, it can be said that capital punishment is highly necessary for lowering the crime rate in society while also securing the lives and livelihoods of citizens. Otherwise, without a serious deterrent to murder, such crimes would exponentially increase worldwide, putting the entire societal structure at risk. 

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