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Government and Society IELTS Essay: Samples

Updated on 27 June, 2023

Mrinal Mandal

Mrinal Mandal

Study Abroad Expert

Essay writing is a part of IELTS Writing Task 2. Environment, health, culture, education, society, communication, and sports are recurrent themes for the question. 

The article contains Government and Society IELTS essay samples that you can check to better understand the tone and style needed. Make sure you write carefully and within a maximum of 40 minutes. The minimum word count is 250 words for the essay. This is one of the topics that have reappeared in the IELTS test years after years.

Government and Society IELTS Essay Samples: 

Question- Some people believe that only the government can bring about significant societal changes. At the same time, others believe that an individual too can bring about a big difference in society. What do you think of the above statement? 

Essay 1

It is often argued that the leadership and authority of any country should have absolute and supreme powers in its hands for changing society positively and ridding it of all its negatives. Yet, I believe that this view is intrinsically flawed since, without every individual or citizen’s cooperation, there is not a lot that the government may do for improving society. 

The government may create stronger policies and tap into available resources for their implementation. However, these policies only lead to suitable results when implemented by all society members and stakeholders. If a policy has been introduced, but no one follows the same, then the primary goal will never be accomplished as a result. 

For example, in recent times, many nations have unveiled policies that are in sync to ensure lower carbon-related emissions by the next four to five years. Yet, people living in these nations often adopt carefree and reckless perspectives without abiding by the guidelines and policies for combating climate change which is already showing its devastating effects in various parts of the world. Hence, without the cooperation of people, positive results are impossible to achieve for any government. 

At the same time, the government often emphasizes pushing for macro (throughout the country) results. In contrast, individual efforts and initiatives are only applicable at a micro-level and may instantly improve societal improvement. The ruling government and party cannot instantly be aware of all the societal problems surrounding them in diverse regions. However, the local communities and people will always be aware of such problems. 

Hence, individuals have higher power for ensuring instant changes in their neighbourhoods and communities with the support of government-mobilized resources on a bigger scale. 

For example, suppose there is a natural calamity, and the government immediately announces its response in terms of disaster relief. The initiative will be more productive and fruitful when local people cooperate and help with relief and rescue activities instead of only leaving it for the forces and authorities. 

To conclude, I feel that individual citizens can usher in more instant and lasting societal changes when they cooperate and work with the government. (360 words) 

Important Resources to Read About IELTS:

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Question- Some people think that only the government can make significant societal changes

Essay 2

Individuals often assume that just the government holds sufficient power for driving societal changes. I do not agree with this perception. While I do state that the government only can create policies with an intention towards societal development, without proper cooperation and participation of all citizens, the policies will not be able to accomplish a lot of things or their intended objectives. 

There are many powers of the government. For instance, the government may legislate and develop new laws and policies for progressively aligning the society of the time. Yet, if people stop cooperating with the authorities, no policy will ever lead to a proper result.

 Our country has many social practices that should be stopped. There is a practice still followed surreptitiously in the many Indian States of female foeticide or killing girl children in the womb. The government has always stringently emphasized the need to abide by laws and regulations to combat the practice. Both the people are doing this, and doctors are helping them face severe legal action and punishments. Yet, the practice continues unabated in several areas, with many people finding loopholes to get around the laws prevailing on the subject. There are strict laws against poaching and encouraging wildlife conservation. However, the wildlife population is still waning since criminal elements keep killing animals and poaching them. The government bans Single-use plastic bags, but people still use them for various purposes. This shows that governments cannot track every person individually in society. It requires cooperation from the public to make any reform or policy successful. 

At the same time, people also have their limitations. Many individuals remain concerned about societal progress and welfare. They often hope that the government can frame laws to help these initiatives succeed. Many people work to better the less-privileged and poor citizens of the country. Many wage war against harmful practices to save the environment. They require governmental support for carrying out such noble and welfare-oriented activities. Individuals cannot frame their regulations, but they get some support in their activities if the government comes up with the same. At the same time, impractical or wrong policy-making of the government also leads to such good work being crippled at times, taking society a step backward. 

In conclusion, I would say that both individuals and the government should cooperate and work together to stimulate progress. The government should refrain from wrong policies that hinder progress, and people should cooperate to make good policies successfully usher in social reform. (471 words) 

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