ielts writing task 1 academic

Writing Task 1 Academic: Task 1 IELTS Academic Writing

Updated on 18 May, 2022
Mrinal Mandal

Mrinal Mandal

Study Abroad Expert

The International English Language Testing System (IELTS), is an international standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers. The IELTS is designed to evaluate English language proficiency in applicants who are seeking higher education, work, and immigration opportunities in English-speaking countries. English language skills are important for applicants to communicate and study while they are residing in an English-speaking environment. IELTS is broadly classified into two typesIELTS Academic for education purposes, and IELTS General Training for work and immigration. There are four papers: writing, speaking, reading, and listening and the writing test is a compulsory section that tests the English language writing skills of applicants.

IELTS Academic writing is meant for students who are applying for top-ranked universities and colleges in English-speaking countries. The writing task one is an academic summary writing based on diagrammatic and graphical representation. It is a 150-word length summary and the time allotted is 20 minutes. In IELTS Academic Writing Task 1, you will be shown a diagram, a visual way to represent information. The summary needs to be written in response to a particular diagram, picture, graph, map, process, pie graph, or histogram. The task evaluates the ability of students to select and analyze the most important features and facts, to compare data, identify significant data, and find trends in fact-based information and understand a particular process. The summary is written in a specific format, and the writing skills are tested and evaluated. The IELTS Writing Task 1 Academic tips and tricks will help the students deliver a winning summary that is expected by the IELTS examination board. To all the test takers, here is a complete guide to understanding the right path to obtain a good band in IELTS Academic writing task 1. 

Tips and Tricks for IELTS Academic Writing Task 1

  • The writing section is challenging due to the limited time duration. Task 1 is allotted only 20 minutes. Time management is the key. Plan the summary before you start writing. It is important to complete the task within the stipulated time duration. 
  • The word length of the summary is 150 words. It is important to stick to the word limit. If you exceed the word limit it will be a waste of time and the task will not be completed. Completion of tasks is important if you are aiming for a good band. 
  • In Academic writing task 1, an overview is very essential. To write your overview, pick three or four of the main features and write about them generally, without referring to any data. Do not refer to any reference, all you need to do is provide a precise outline about all the important features and facts related to the diagram or graphical representation. Outline the main changes, development, features, and trends that you can identify. 
  • The writing band depends upon four factors. The applicants are marked based on task achievement, grammar, vocabulary, and coherence. These are the main factors of scoring in task 1. Write to maintain all of these when you are writing task 1. To get a good band, all four factors are very important. 
  • Understand on what basis you will be marked. Being aware of the marking criteria helps a candidate provide the examiner with exactly what they are looking for in the answer paper. There is no negative marking in writing. The answers cannot be differentiated as right or wrong, it will be evaluated based on the four factors.  
  • Academic writing is filled with data, statistics, facts, and numbers. Cross-check on the accuracy and relevancy. Make sure whatever facts you are stating are relevant and valid. 
  • Paraphrase the question. It is best to paraphrase the question in the first paragraph. You can do this by using synonyms. Paraphrasing is important. 
  • Write a winning introduction and conclusion. You write the introduction to tell the examiner what you are going to write about. So, it is basically the question paraphrased. Make sure you introduce the right words and close the summary with the right words. An excellent conclusion helps you with a good band. Invest a significant amount of time in the introduction and conclusion. 
  • To support the description you must present the key features and use data. Key features in response to the diagram or graphical representation are important. You need to outline all the important features that reveal an important piece of information. 
  • Organize the summary in short and crisp paragraphs. In a 150-word summary, you can have 3-4 paragraphs to make the write-up readable and interesting. 
  • You need to use appropriate language while describing or comparing the graphs. Make sure the summary is grammatically correct. Do not make any mistakes related to tense, spelling, or grammar. Read after you complete writing, so that you can proofread your work once. You must use the connectors to have appropriate grammar and vocabulary in the sentence. 
  • Practice all kinds of graphical representations and diagrams. The more complicated ones you will practice and solve, the examination will seem to be easier for you. Practice all the patterns and formats, so that you can attempt any question that you get on the examination day. 
  • Have a good vocabulary so that you can easily paraphrase your summary. You can do it well with the help of connectors and synonyms. Check for accuracy. The vocabulary need not be very complicated, but try to avoid even minor mistakes as vocabulary is an important factor for writing. 
  • Take feedback when you practice. Get your summary corrected by an expert. It will help you work on your weak areas so that you can get time to prepare and improve.

Important Resources About IELTS Essays:

MAP Essay IELTSIELTS 9 Band EssayTypes of Essays in IELTS
Double Question Essay IELTSIELTS 8 Band EssayIELTS Essay on Animals
IELTS General Reading SectionCapital Punishment Essay IELTSIELTS Essay on Health
Causes and Effects of Obesity IELTS EssayBusiness and Money IELTS EssayModern Technology Essay IELTS

 

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Get to know about the latest updates on the IELTS Exam, Eligibility, Preparation Tips, Test procedure,  Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Registration Process, Important Exam Dates, and much more!! This guide is a one-stop solution for every IELTS Aspirant who aims to crack the exam with an impressive band score.

Strategy For Academic Writing Task 1 

Acquaint yourself with the marking strategy: When you are aware of the marking criteria it will help you to know exactly what the examiner demands of you.

Paraphrase the question: Paraphrasing the question at the beginning of the first paragraph is important. You can make use of synonyms while paraphrasing while attempting the IELTS academic writing task 1 questions.

Write the overview: In order to write the overview, you can pick three to four main features related to the content and write about them in a general sense without referring to any data. 

Add supportive data/comments: 

Substantiate your main features with the related data or information.

Go through your work once: Make sure you leave no room for spelling and grammar mistakes in your report. Also, double-check the data for accuracy.

5 Easy Steps For IELTS Writing Task 1 Academic 

In IELTS Academic writing task 1, you need to write in 150 words about the inference you draw from the data given in the form of a pie chart, bar chart, tabular data, map, or a process. The five-step strategy mentioned above makes the task easier by breaking the content into smaller parts. 

Five Easy Steps for IELTS writing task 1 Academic are as follows:

  1. Know the marking criteria

Marking depends on four parameters:

  • Task Achievement
  • Coherence
  • Lexical reference
  • Grammatical range and accuracy

You need to be good with each of the above-listed parameters since each component constitutes 25% of the marking scheme.

2: Paraphrasing the question

Paraphrasing is the first step in the IELTS writing task 1 academic wherein you need to rephrase the statement given in the question using different synonyms without changing the meaning. For instance, the synonyms can take the place of the words used in the question. 

Words

Synonyms

Chart 

Line chart

Shows

Reflects

Changes

Variations


 

3: Write an overview

This section is the most important one as far as marking is concerned. If you don't write well in this part you will certainly not score high.

In this section, you need to pick four to five key features and write about what you see at the first glance without making use of the data. Make sure you use easy-to-understand sentences. 

4: Support overview with data

Whatever features you pick in the overview are explained in detail here. Here you need to make use of data to support your key points instead of just writing general sentences. 

5: Check your work

Go through the work once before making a submission. Check for the following things and make sure the task is free from errors.

  • Spellings
  • Punctuation
  • Vocabulary
  • Grammatical structure
  • Accuracy of the data used
  • Word limit

The topics that form the part of IELTS writing task 1 academic topics

 are as follows:

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Conclusion

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 aims to test and evaluate the English language writing skills with relevance to diagrams and graphical representation. To get a good band, it is important to complete the examination within the stipulated time and maintain all the prerequisites and factors that help in getting a good band.

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Difference Between Computer Based and Paper Based IELTS

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Should Smoking be banned in Public Places Essay

Prevention is better than Cure IELTS Essay

How Much Time is Required for IELTS Preparation

 

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What is IELTS writing task 1 academic?

IELTS academic writing task 1 requires you to present a report on a chart (pie-chart, map, process, line graph, or bar graph) in 150 words in about 20 minutes. This part constitutes 33% of the total writing tasks.

You will be evaluated on the basis of task completion, coherence, vocabulary, and grammar.

Q. How to write IELTS writing task 1 academic?

In order to prepare for IELTS writing academic task 1 you need to consider the following points:

  • Familiarize with the marking scheme
  • Rephrase the question
  • Write the overview
  • Support the overview with data
  • Check your work for errors

Including the above-mentioned points in your daily practice will help you to score a good band in IELTS writing task 1 academic.

Q. Should I write a conclusion for IELTS Writing Task 1 Academic?

No, you should not write a conclusion for IELTS writing task 1 academic. In conclusion, we tend to repeat and restate the main points which are not required in case of a short repeat. In the case of a report, you need to provide only an overview.

Q. How can I get 8 in academic writing task 1 ?

You can get an 8 band score in academic writing task 1 if you follow the steps listed below:

  1. Use a wide range of lexical terms
  2. Analyze the chart thoroughly and list down the important features
  3. Avoid any wrong information or presenting an opinion
  4. Stick to the word limit of 150 words
  5. Support the main features with data
  6. Use linking words but do not overuse them
  7. Avoid informal language and spelling errors
  8. Use a wide range of sentence structures
  9. Use correct punctuation
  10. Use correct word order

Q. How to prepare for IELTS academic writing task 1?

You can easily prepare for IELTS academic writing task 1 by incorporating the following steps:

  1.  Practice sample papers and while doing so, stick to the word length and time limit
  2. Acquaint yourself with the marking criteria
  3. Practise writing the introductory statements 
  4. Practise identifying the main or key points from the diagram, map or process
  5. Stress on accuracy and grammatical correctness
  6. Have a good understanding of punctuations
  7. Expand your lexical knowledge
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