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Reducing the effects of climate change - Reading answers for IELTS

Updated on 02 February, 2024

Mrinal Mandal

Mrinal Mandal

Study Abroad Expert

The IELTS Passage, "Reducing the Effects of Climate Change," explores strategies to mitigate climate change. It discusses causes, consequences, and measures such as emission reduction and renewable energy. The Questions & Answers section tests comprehension and critical thinking on this topic.

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Questions 1-3

Reading Passage has eight paragraphs A-H

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-H, in boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet.

1. _____mention of a geo-engineering project based on an earlier natural phenomenon

2. _____an example of a successful use of geo-engineering

3. _____a common definition of geo-engineering

Questions 4-10

Complete the table below.

Choose ONE WORD from the passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 4-10 on your answer sheet.




put a large number

of tiny spacecraft into

orbit far above Earth

to create a _____

that would reduce the amount

of light reaching Earth


Place 5 _____

in the sea

to encourage _____

to form

release aerosol sprays

into the stratosphere

to create _____

that would reduce the amount

of light reaching Earth


fix strong _____

to Greenland ice sheets


to prevent icebergs moving into the sea

plant trees in Russian Arctic

that would lose their leaves

in winter

to allow the _____

to reflect radiation

change the direction of

10. _____


to bring more cold water into

ice-forming areas

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Questions 11-14

Look at the following statements (Questions 11-14) and the list of scientists below.

Match each statement with the correct scientist, A-D.

Write the correct letter, A-D, in boxes 11-14 on your answer sheet.

List of Scientists

A    Roger Angel

B    Phil Rasch

C    Dan Hunt

D    Martin Sommerkorn 

11. _____The effects of geo-engineering may not be long-lasting.

12. _____Geo-engineering is a topic worth exploring.

13. _____It may be necessary to limit the effectiveness of geo-engineering projects.

14. _____Research into non-fossil-based fuels cannot be replaced by geo-engineering.

Answer Table:

1. D8. cables
2. B9. snow
3. A10. rivers
4. sunshade11. B
5. iron12. D
6. algae13. C
7. clouds14. A

Important IELTS Exam Resources

IELTS Exam Overview

IELTS is required to be taken by international students and workers who wish to study or work in a country where English is the primary language of communication. Know the complete details.

IELTS Online Test

IELTS Exam Syllabus

With the right knowledge of the IELTS exam syllabus and pattern, cracking the popular English test won’t be difficult.

IELTS Syllabus

IELTS Exam Pattern

The IELTS exam pattern encompasses four major sections, i.e. listening, speaking, writing, and reading.

IELTS Exam Pattern

Mrinal Mandal

Study Abroad Expert

Mrinal Mandal is a study abroad expert with a passion for guiding students towards their international education goals. He holds a degree in mechanical engineering, earned in 2018. Since 2021, Mrinal has been working with upGrad Abroad, where he assists aspiring students in realizing their dreams of studying abroad. With his expertise and dedication, he empowers individuals to navigate the complexities of international education, making their aspirations a reality.

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