The education system in Ireland is under the aegis of the Department of Education and Skills. It is a principal authority responsible for framing the educational regulations and policies for institutions and students. In Ireland, education is mandatory for children between the 6 to 16 age group or until a minimum of three years at the second level.
The Irish education system comprises primary (first-level) and second-level education and third-level education and further education. Government-sponsored education is present at all these levels unless someone attends a private educational institution.
Education System in Ireland- Preschool Level:
Before delving into the education system in Ireland for international students, it is crucial to know more about the preschool stage. Education in this category is mostly offered through providers or childcare institutions with private funding. It is made available under a program called ECCE or Early Childhood Care and Education. It ensures one free year of early education and childcare for those in the preschool stage and age. Many initiatives emphasize child education and are sponsored by the Department of Education and Skills.
ECCE states that preschool kids will get early education and childcare provisions. They can begin with the scheme from two years and eight months and stay till they get their primary school transfer (Children shouldn’t be older than five years and six months after the year of preschool).
The government offers a fixed amount to daycare and playschool providers for each child. These providers also offer preschool solutions free for children within the age limit. The service is extended for a fixed duration with specific hours and weeks.
The ECCE scheme does not get impacted in any manner due to the NCS or National Childcare Scheme. Financial aid via NCS may be obtained independently and outside the purview of the ECCE scheme. It will only apply for the hours spent outside of the daycare or preschool, of course.
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There is a single-entry point for the ECCE program, and that is in September. Previous points of entry for April and January are no longer applicable. It is available for all kids who are two years and eight months of age before the September 1 deadline. They may continue their ECCE programs before their primary school entry.
However, the maximum age limit is five years and six months on or before June 30 of the year of the ECCE scheme. The eligibility threshold is clearly outlined by the department online. Children with special needs may have exemptions from the maximum age criteria under this scheme. Lower age limit exemptions are absent.
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Key Details of the Scheme:
Children may attend sessional or half-day preschool services like Montessori, playschools and toddler cum parent groups. The regular timing is usually three years each day for five days a week, throughout the academic year. Parents may have to fork out money in additional charges if their kids attend preschool beyond this time limit. If the sessional facility is not available for five days each week, the regular pattern will be four days a week (3 hours and 30 minutes each day). Children attending part/full-time daycare centers will have a three-hour timing pattern for each day. Extra duration charges also apply in these cases.
ECCE childcare and playschool partners should offer suitable educational frameworks to the authorities, based upon the Siolta guidelines or the national policy in this regard. The staff members of local CCCs or city/country childcare committees and coordinators at Siolta may also visit participating providers while offering guidance. Parents may have to provide booking deposits, going up to a maximum of four times the capitation fee each week. Deposits paid will be repaid by end-October of the year when your child is starting preschool. Weekly capitation costs are paid throughout the entire year for some providers. You can directly apply for your child at any playschool, daycare center or ECCE partner. You have to obtain the list of institutions from your local CCC office while offering a birth certificate copy of your kid as well.
Support is available for children who have special needs. You can also apply for special assistance under AIM (Access and Inclusion Model) in this regard. Apply via the Pobal website and through the PIP or Program Implementation Platform. The provider will help you get this done. The procedure stays open for applicants around the year. Applications are only made with full consent.
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Education in Ireland- Primary Level:
In the first level, the children start attending from six (maximum) or earlier. Children usually begin in September after their fourth birthday. Four and five-year-old kids are usually admitted into senior or junior infant classes at school. The primary-level curriculum contains mathematics, languages, scientific, social and environmental education, arts, visual arts, music, drama, health, personal and social education.
Education in Ireland- Second-Level:
Ireland’s second level of education is available throughout the four types of schools (vocational, secondary, comprehensive and community). The secondary institutions are those under the ownership and management of private entities. Trustees are usually the chiefs of boards of governors or other bodies. Vocational institutions are set up by the state itself while being run by education and training committees, boards, or other authorities. Management boards usually manage comprehensive institutions with diverse members.
This educational stage comprises a junior cycle over three years and a senior cycle over two to three years. It depends on whether the child chooses the transition year (optional) after the Junior Certificate test. The junior process begins at twelve, and the Junior Certificate comes after three years. The transition year comes after the examination. This year does not have any standardized tests, enabling students to gain work experience and other learning insights.
In the last two senior cycle years, students choose one out of three options. All options have their State-regulated examinations. These include the established Leaving certificate, which is needed to allocate places in colleges of education, universities and institutes of technology. The Leaving certificate applied program helps prepare pupils for work and adulthood via numerous experiences. The certificate does not have direct recognition for getting admission into courses at the third level. However, it may help students take post-leaving certificate programs. The Leaving certificate vocational courses are more focused on technical disciplines, with several extra modules in turn.
Education in Ireland- Third-Level:
This stage of education includes universities, colleges of education and even institutes of technology, along with private colleges. There are a total of seven autonomous universities, which are also in the self-governing category. They provide degree courses at Master’s, Bachelor’s, and Doctorate levels.
The technological segment comprises institutes of technology offering training and education in segments like engineering, science, business, music and linguistics, to diploma, certificate, and degree stages. The education colleges offer first-level teacher training or even three-year degrees (bachelor of education). They also have diplomas at the postgraduate level. The Higher Education Authority regulates university and institutional funding.
The leading universities include:
- Trinity College Dublin.
- Dublin City University.
- NUI (National University of Ireland), Galway.
- Maynooth University.
- RCSI Institute of Leadership.
- The University of Limerick.
The technological segment has technological universities like the following:
● Institute of Technology, Tralee and Cork Institute of Technology have integrated to make the Munster Technological University.
● Tallaght, Dublin and Blanchardstown Institutes of Technology integrated to create the TU (Technological University) Dublin.
● Technological University of the Shannon: Midlands Midwest was formed by the coming together of Limerick Institute of Technology and Athlone Institute of Technology.
There are seven institutes of technology throughout Ireland. Dublin has Dun Laoghaire, while outside of the region, there is Sligo, Dundalk, Waterford, Letterkenny, Galway and Mayo, and Carlow. The Letterkenny, Sligo, and Galway, and Mayo institutions will join next year for creating the TU (Technological University) for the West and North West. Next year, the Waterford and Carlow institutions will also join hands to make the TU for the South East.
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Colleges of Education in Ireland:
Ireland is home to numerous colleges of education that offer training for teachers at the primary school level. They provide a Bachelor of Education degree spread over three years. There are 18-month postgraduate diplomas as well. Post-primary level teachers usually choose primary education degrees before taking up postgraduate diplomas in turn.
There are many institutions available, including third-level private institutions offering business and vocational training. Some of these institutions are also under the ambit of professional bodies, associations, and universities.
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Qualifications at the Third-Level stage:
The NFQ or National Framework of Qualifications is a 10-level mechanism, enabling the comparison of various levels and assessment standards. 6-10 Levels fall under the Third-level system.
The four awarding organizations include the Dublin University, Dublin City University, University of Limerick and the National University of Ireland. The awarding organization beyond the university space is Quality and Qualifications Ireland (QQI). It is also the authority in charge of further training and education while granting Higher Certificates for institutions.
State-backed universities give their degrees and qualifications. University students obtain bachelor’s degrees or Honors bachelor’s degrees at NFQ levels seven and eight. Master’s and Doctoral degrees are offered at NFQ levels nine and 10, respectively. Technological universities or TUs offer their certificates, degrees, and diplomas. In many scenarios, a QQI certificate for Level six may be upgraded to seven or eight. Levels five and six may upgrade to higher educational levels as per the Higher Education Links program.
Application & Other Details:
Aspirants may go through the courses’ details online, and UG programs’ applications are mostly made through the CAO (Central Applications Office). There are details on grants and funding options as well. Third-level educational contact information is also available at the official website of the CAO.
Training teachers at the second level usually comprises a primary university degree and then a higher diploma for a year. There are colleges of education with specialities in training home economics, religion and physical education teachers at the second level. You can apply at the CAO both for university courses and higher education courses. All details are provided for aspirants on the official website.
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Adult & Further Education:
Further education involves both training and education that happen after schooling at the second-level. It covers post-Leaving certificate programs, Youthreach programs for those leaving school early, and Vocational training opportunities. These courses are not within the umbrella of the third-level educational framework.
Education for those with disabilities or special needs:
There are several educational guidelines for students with special needs or disabilities. These include extra schooling support and even specialist assistance. Those with disabilities may get enrolled into mainstream schools with some additional help.
Expected Costs or Fees:
Most undergraduate students appearing for third-level courses (with public funding) will not have to pay any tuition costs. Under the Free Fees Initiative terms and conditions, the Department of Education and Skills will be paying the charges to the educational institutions. A demarcated annual fee has to be paid to colleges for covering examinations and student-based services. The charges for PLCs (post-leaving certificate) programs are worked out based on diverse regulations.
With its globally acclaimed education system, quality infrastructure, and high living standards, Ireland is a favorite for innumerable international students.
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