A breakdown of what SGPA is and how to calculate it

What is SGPA

Universities across the world use unique scoring systems to evaluate the academic performance of students in a specific period. While countries like India commonly use the percentage system, educational institutes in the USA widely use the Grade Point Average (GPA) and Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA). What is SGPA is one of the most asked questions by students seeking information about studying abroad. 

There are innumerable systems employed by different education boards to examine, grade, and assess their students on their accomplishments and achievements in an academic year. When a student graduates from a particular institute or board and wishes to take forward with them their merits for the purpose of admission into the next institutes, there arises the need for a universal, standardized method of scoring that has figures recognized by all educational bodies. 

This has led to the establishment of various scoring systems. Some of the scoring systems are the Percentage Scoring system, the Percentile Scoring System, used commonly in countries like India, while countries like the USA and Canada use the Grade Point Average System for scores. 

In this article, we will give you a detailed understanding of SGPA, CGPA and help you figure out the ways in which you can calculate them.

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What is SGPA?

One of the multiple methods that are there to calculate your performance in schools and colleges is SGPA. It is essentially the grade point average calculated at the end of each session such as a school year or a college semester.

It is essential to maintain an attractive SGPA throughout, in order to have an impressive score at the end of your course period. This not only helps in securing a great result, which is an important factor when you wish to pursue higher education at reputed institutes but also aids in understanding your progress and prompts you to work on areas that need attention. 

What is the Full Form of SGPA?

SGPA is the abbreviation for Semester Grade Point Average, a score awarded to students based on how well they have fared in their course work at the end of each academic session like a school term or a college year. SGPA is calculated as the weighted average of the summation of all marks earned by a student in a semester across all subjects.

How to Calculate SGPA?

Now that you have a basic understanding of the concept of SGPA and how it affects your final score, let us focus on how to calculate SGPA. You will have to first add grade points achieved in all subjects in a particular academic term and then calculate their average to arrive at your SGPA.

You can also refer to the following methodology to figure out what your SGPA is:

1. Find out your credit point for each of your subjects.

2. Multiply the credit points of each subject with the grade you have attained in the respective subject.

3. Add all the products you get from the previous step.

4. Next, you need to divide the sum you get after adding the products of each subject by the sum of all the credits to derive your SGPA. 

Consider the following example to understand this method-

Say the credits for each of your subjects are:

Subject 1- 2

Subject 2- 3

Subject 3- 3

Now let us assume you have scored the following grades in each of these subjects:

Subject 1- 8

Subject 2- 7.8

Subject 3- 9

Next, you have to multiply each of the grades with their respective subject credits:

Subject 1- 2 x 8 = 16

Subject 2- 3 x 7.8 = 23.4

Subject 3- 3 x 9 = 27

Following this you need to get the summation of all the products:

16 + 23.4 + 27 = 64.4. This is your total score.

Then add all the credits of individual subjects:

(Subject 1 + Subject 2 + Subject 3) which is 2 + 3 + 3 = 8

Finally, divide the total score you get by the total credits of the subjects:

64.4 / 8 = 8.3

Therefore, your SGPA is 8.3.

Read More: Calculate GPA from percentage

How to Convert SGPA into Percentage?

Most colleges in India announce a percentage that an applicant has to score to get admitted into their specific programs. In case you have your final results in the form of an SGPA or GPA it is essential that you know how to make the conversions accurately to avoid miscalculations and consequently losing valuable opportunities. Having a clear knowledge of your score percentage will aid in your process of finding suitable college courses and help in understanding your scope better. You will need to know the percentages you have attained in each semester to get an idea about your progress and help you plan your move forward.

 Once you have figured your SGPA out, it is relatively simple to derive your score percentage from it. There is a standardized formula you can use for the process. All you need to do is multiply your SGPA with 10 and then subtract 7.5 from your product which will bring you to your percentage.  Considering the example we have demonstrated above, you can calculate percentage from SGPA with the formula below:

(SGPA x 10) – 7.5 = Percentage

(8.3 x 10) – 7.5 = 75.5%

What is CGPA?

Cumulative Grade Point Average or CGPA is the grading system used by educational institutes to evaluate the overall academic performance in the tenure of the course. Students are assigned grades such as A, B, C, D or F. CGPA is a record of the average scored by the student at the end of the entire program, which could be a school year or a graduation program. While different countries employ different systems of grading, most of the Indian education boards evaluation is based on percentage. 

Your CGPA is what shows on your transcript and will allow you to secure admissions in sought-after institutes. A lot of colleges and courses teaching core academic subjects put heavy emphasis on your CGPA, so it is wise to aim high and dedicate all your efforts to achieving that goal.

Here is a broad conversion of percentages into CGPA and further into classifications: 

Percentage

CGPA

Classification

90% – 100%

O+ or A+ Outstanding
70% – 89% A

First Class

50% – 69%

B+ Second Class
40% – 59% B

Pass Class

Below 39%

F

Fail

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How to Convert SGPA to CGPA?

By now, we hope we have been able to establish what SGPA and CGPA are, and how to calculate SGPA

Now let us understand how you can calculate CGPA from SGPA.

All you need to do is find the sum of all the SGPAs that you have scored throughout the academic year and then divide it by the total number of semesters. So basically, 

CGPA = (SGPA of all the semesters in a particular year / total number of semesters)

For example, if you score 7 and 8 SGPAs in two semesters, you will have to divide the total by 2:

(7 + 9)/2

16/2

So, your CGPA is 8.

Common Terms Used and Their Meanings When Calculating SGPA

There are hundreds of websites available online that offer SGPA calculators, and with the right amount of research, you will be able to easily have your SGPA figured out. It is vital that you are aware of the terms used in the calculations so that you can insert the relevant information and figures. 

Here is a list of all the commonly used terms and their meanings:

Credit Points

These are basically the measurements of your study load. It is used by universities to assess your progress and completion of the course matters. Individual subjects are assigned credits based on the institutional hours they comprise of. Colleges and universities require you to finish a particular number of credits to be considered for the final examination.

Grade Point

Grades are used to represent how well you have absorbed the information in class and whether you are able to reproduce that information upon being tested. You are typically awarded grade points for each subject that you study as a part of your course, which goes on to be used in deriving your Grade Point Average at the end of each term.

Semester

The academic year during which a particular course is taught is divided into segments called semesters. Most commonly, an academic year is categorized into two semesters.

To conclude, when you apply for higher education, the admission committee at your prospective colleges and universities will consider your grades to be key in determining your merit. Although there are other areas that you need to take care of like letter of recommendation, Statement of Purpose, and achievements in extracurricular activities, it is strongly advised that you keep your grades high, if you wish to attend a prestigious institute. 

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