What is a CRS Score?
The CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) is a point-based system used by the Canadian government to evaluate applications for immigration to the country. It is used by the Department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to invite applicants under its Express Entry immigration program. The CRS assigns scores to applicants based on various parameters like skills, French/English language proficiency, age, marital status, provincial nomination, etc. Since most of the scoring parameters remain constant, you can use CRS score calculators available online to get a rough idea of your final CRS scores assigned by the Express Entry system.
The estimated score revealed by the calculator has no connection with the official process and can vary from the final result. While the unofficial score can be checked before submitting your profile, you can get your official score only after submitting your documents and the application in the immigration system. The maximum one can score in the system is 1,200 points.
How is the CRS Score used during Canadian Immigration?
The Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) department uses the CRS to evaluate your candidature for immigration. It ranks your application with all the other applications that come its way. So, a higher point score means a higher chance of you getting invited for a permanent residency in Canada. The Canada CRS score calculator can help you understand your position better and take measures accordingly.
The various programs under the Express Entry initiative include are-the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP).
Individual Canadian provinces can also invite applicants from the Express Entry pool under their Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). However, PNP candidates also need to be eligible for one of the programs mentioned above.
How are Points for CRS Score Calculated for Express Entry Candidates?
The CRS score is a key deciding factor in your ITA (Invitation To Apply) for permanent residency. Instead of just understanding the application procedure, you also need to have a proper idea of the calculation of CRS scores. Online tools like CRS score calculators can help you increase your chances of getting an ITA for PR.
Your marital status is one of the key considerations for calculating points. If your spouse accompanies you, you will score 40 points less than regular applicants in the core human capital section. However, you can make them up in a special area under your partner’s human capital. Spouses should also provide language proficiency proof, and Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) reports. It helps a candidate in securing the maximum number of points when including a partner. Your scores won’t be affected if your spouse isn’t accompanying you or is already a Canadian citizen/permanent resident.
Apart from the core human capital factors, you can score additional points for foreign work experience/education, family members in Canada, education in Canada, job contract from a Canadian employer, and provincial nomination.
You should also note that the Express Entry program does not have minimum CRS score criteria. The CRS cut-off varies from draw to draw and depends on multiple factors like the number of applications or requirements decided by the Canadian government.
The recent cut-off scores hover around 450 points for regular invitees and about 750 for invitees under PNP. Since it is impossible to predict the CRS cut-off, aiming for the highest CRS score possible for your application is important.
How to improve Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score?
A low CRS score is bad news, but you can improve your ranking even after submitting your profile. You can increase the score with additional work experience, improving language test results, securing a job in Canada by studying in the country, or securing a provincial nomination. It is ideal to use a Canada CRS score calculator to assess your situation and take measures accordingly.
A provincial nomination can almost guarantee your PR as it adds another 600 points to your general CRS score. Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP) is a great way to aid candidates with low CRS scores.
However, provinces have different criteria for nominee programs, and their requirements mostly influence it. A couple of the key aspects are the province’s local labor market requirement and demographic gaps. However, there is one limitation of the PNP. Candidates invited under the PNP program can settle only in the province that invited them.
To conclude, the CRS is used by the Canadian immigration authorities to evaluate your application for Express Entry to the country. It is a point-based system that scores your application within 1,200 points. Your score depends on various factors like age, skills, work experience, language proficiency, etc. A CRS score calculator can be used to get a better understanding of your position. A shortfall in the CRS score can be addressed with various steps like PNP, improving language skills, job contract with a Canadian employer, etc.