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Psychology Courses in Canada- Top Universities, Specializations & Scope

Updated on 08 November, 2023

Neha Uppal

Neha Uppal

Sr. Content editor

As one of the world’s most developed and multicultural countries, Canada has always given mental health supreme importance. Not only that, but it also offers some of the best psychology courses. Psychology courses in Canada are offered at the Bachelor’s, Master’s, Diploma, and Doctorate levels. 

Over 80 colleges in Canada offer psychology courses to both domestic and international students. Canadian universities provide modern infrastructure, a wide range of research opportunities, and a rich faculty and student body that aid in the overall development of students. 

If you are planning on pursuing a psychology course in Canada, you have chosen one of the best countries in the world in terms of lab facilities, research options, and specialization scope. 

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Top Universities Offering the Course across Canada 

Listed below are the top psychology courses in Canada universities, their location, and their 2023 QS ranking. 

Name of the UniversityCourse NameCourse DurationCourse Fees QS World Ranking 2023
McGill UniversityBA/BSc. in Psychology Four yearsCAD 55,389 a year (the fee amount may change each year)31
University of TorontoHonors Bachelor of Science in Psychology Four years

CAD 59,320 first year 


CAD 58,210 – CAD 59,320 upper-year onwards

University of British ColumbiaMasters of Arts in Psychology 24 months CAD 9,313.92 first year47
University of OttawaHonors BA in Psychology Four yearsFee varies as per the chosen units (both full-time and part-time)237
University of WindsorGeneral Psychology Program (Undergraduate)Three years Varies as per the program – Tuition fee estimator751 – 800

Who is Eligible to Take up the Course?

The exact psychology courses in Canada eligibility may differ among universities. However, in general, all students applying for a Bachelor’s program need to have passed their Higher Secondary education from a recognized Board of education. 

Those applying for a Master’s level program must hold a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology from an institution recognized by the Canadian Board. The Master’s degree may be available in two research-intensive degrees – MS or MSc in psychology. 

Students applying for Doctorate-level programs need a Master’s in psychology or an equivalent degree recognized by the Canadian Board from a reputed university. Besides these, the psychology courses in Canada requirement also include proof of English proficiency by passing tests such as the TOEFL, PTE, or IELTS

Some universities may conduct personal tests or examinations online to test applicants’ English proficiency. Applicants may need to produce competitive GRE scores or other competitive exam results for some universities. Furnishing documents like a Statement of Purpose and Letters of Recommendation are mandatory. 

Levels of Education 

The psychology courses in Canada admission can be taken at four different levels of education, including –

  1. Undergraduate or Bachelor’s Program – Two types of Bachelor’s degrees, generally of three to four-year duration, are available for psychology, namely BSc. And BA. 
  2. Postgraduate or Master’s Program – Those with an undergraduate degree already can apply for a postgraduate program in psychology under MA or MSc. Degrees. The course duration is generally one to two years. 
  3. Doctorate Program – Students who have completed their Master’s in psychology become eligible to pursue a Doctorate or Ph.D. course, which usually has a duration of three to five years. 
  4. Diploma – Generally of one to two years, A Diploma in psychology (offered by select universities across Canada) is suitable for those who need multidisciplinary influence in a short span. 


The psychology courses in Canada subjects are divided mainly into core and elective options. Students studying Master’s or Doctorate-level psychology studies can choose various specializations to pursue a field they’re most interested in. Though specialization offerings differ among universities, some of the common ones include the following –

  • Developmental Psychology 
  • Personality Development 
  • Neurobiology 
  • Relationships and Sexual Wellness 
  • Counseling and Clinical Psychology 
  • Experimental Psychology 
  • Organizational and Industrial Psychology 
  • Gender and Women’s Studies 
  • School Psychology 
  • Behavioral Science and Autism 
  • Gerontology 

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Cost of Attendance Required at Each Level of the Program 

The psychology courses in Canada fees will vary for each level of the course. The table below shows the tuition fees for different program levels. In the case of some universities, the tuition fee costs for all BSc. programs may be the same, such as the University of Alberta, where the undergraduate tuition fee amounts to USD 31,895 per year. A Master’s degree in Psychology may cost around USD 9,313 per year, as is the case with the University of British Columbia. 

Besides the tuition fees, there may be non-tuition fees also involved. The following is taken from the University of Alberta cost of attendance estimation –

Type of FeeAverage Cost
Recreation and AthleticsCAD 185
Books, Instruments, and SuppliesCAD 1,200
ResidenceCAD 15,689
Student Academic SupportCAD 524
Student Health and WellnessCAD 155
Students’ Union Dental PlanCAD 159
U-PassCAD 360
Students’ Union Membership FeesCAD 112
Incidental/Ancillary FeesCAD 1979
Food and Rental CostsCAD 8000 – 15,000
ElectricityCAD 90 – 200

Scope of Education 

Given the varied research areas and specializations, the scope of studying Psychology in Canada is vast. Students can easily explore niche areas in the field, such as child psychology, clinical psychology, cognitive psychology, and psychoanalysis. 

After pursuing psychology courses in Canada, a student can build their career as a psychologist or enter into niche roles such as clinical psychologists, social workers, counselors, educational psychologists, and more. 

For Doctorate-level students, even the path of working independently as a licensed psychologist is a viable option.

Job Prospects 

Psychology is a popular field with rising demand, and many career options open up for degree holders, be it Bachelor’s, Master’s, Diploma, or Doctorate. Students with a Master’s or Doctorate become qualified for more specialized and niche roles, as stated below –

  • Social psychologist 
  • Educational psychologist 
  • Research psychologist 
  • Psychotherapist 
  • Counselor 
  • Psychology professor 
  • Forensic psychologist 
  • Life coach 
  • Play Therapist 
  • Policy officer 
  • Social researcher 

Expected Remuneration Salary 

Mental health and well-being career opportunities and scope has expanded over the years. Listed below are the average salary packages for the different job roles in psychology. 

Job RoleAverage Salary 
Education PsychologistCAD 79,143
Research PsychologistCAD 107,985
PsychotherapistCAD 75,000
CounselorCAD 52,664
Psychology ProfessorCAD 172,412
Forensic PsychologistCAD 107,985
Life CoachCAD 42,900
Play TherapistCAD 59,829
Policy OfficerCAD 73,102
Social ResearcherCAD 57,443

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are some reasons to study psychology in Canada?

Regarding higher education, Canada is among the world’s most popular countries. This is mainly due to its top-class universities, ample research opportunities, and modern educational infrastructure. Psychology courses in Canada are taught by expert faculty members highly specialized in their field of study. 


What is the entry-level salary for a psychologist in Canada?

Even entry-level psychologists can earn as much as $60,000 annually in Canada. 


What are the levels of psychology courses in Canada offered?

The psychology courses in Canada are offered under four program levels – Bachelor’s, Master’s, Diploma, and Doctorate. 





Neha Uppal

Sr. Content editor

Neha Uppal is a passionate content creator and editor. She carries 7.5+ years of experience working with leading edutech companies where she worked as a Faculty, Community Manager, and Content Marketeer. At upGrad, she is helping out people keep informed about the scopes and opportunities of studying abroad via informational articles/blogs.

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