Germany vs. Canada: Which is better for study abroad?

Germany vs. Canada

Caught in the Germany vs. Canada conundrum? Which is the better country to pursue higher studies in? Both Canada and Germany are amongst the fastest growing global economies and they are both ideal higher education destinations for global students including those from India. Both countries offer superlative quality of life along with diverse career opportunities and rewarding experiences. Being top-rated destinations for international students, it is hard to choose between the two. However, there are several parameters that might help you make an informed choice in this regard. 

Read More: Cost of Studying in Canada | Cost of Living in Germany

Germany vs. Canada Highlights 

The key Germany vs. Canada highlights encompass the following aspects: 

1) Both countries are represented well in the World University Rankings. Canada’s leading university, the University of Toronto has earned the 21st ranking globally while LMU Munich comes in at 32 followed by number 37 which is Canada’s University of British Columbia. The 44th position is occupied by Germany’s Technical University of Munich. The Heidelberg University is third out of Germany’s top 3 universities and has a world ranking of 47. These statistics indicate that both countries are close enough when it comes to global rankings. 

2) The average learning fees in Canada are usually between CAD 12-30,000 annually which is comparatively costlier if you take learning fees into account. Germany has comparatively lower fees for tuition and many public universities do not charge fees altogether. A small amount as semester contribution has to be paid every year in such scenarios. Average tuition fees are usually around 600 Euros every year in some cases. 

3) German universities have more scholarship opportunities for international students demonstrating financial needs, academic excellence and adhering to other criteria. Canada also has scholarships although they are slightly harder to obtain. 

4) Canadian universities have classes inclusive of actual work throughout the semester. There are more assignment submissions, daily quizzes, group discussions and other practical teaching styles. Most German universities have lectures imparted for developing general knowledge while semesters help in dealing comprehensively with narrowly classified topics or areas. Practical exercises are follow-ups to theoretical knowledge. A majority of workload for students is majorly regarding preparation time for the annual examinations. 

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Living in Germany vs. Canada- Which is better? 

 If you compare living in Germany vs. Canada, then several aspects have to be taken into account. Is Germany better than Canada? This is a highly subjective question. Here are some key points to note in this regard: 

 1) Canada is acclaimed for its excellent healthcare system and high livability amongst all countries in North America. 

2) Germany also ranks highly amongst European nations for public health, education and general wellbeing of residents. The costs of living and taxes may be slightly higher in Germany at times. 

3) Canada ranks as just 5% cheaper than Germany by way of living costs as per studies. 

4) Germany is a richer country, ranking at number three worldwide by way of exports that gross $1.46 trillion annually while Canada is 12th in the world with gross exports standing at $462.90 billion. 

5) Gross national income at $1.92 trillion is higher in Germany as compared to $684 billion in Canada. 

6) The average Canadian earns only 3% lower than the average German at $2,773.50 and $2,851.85 respectively. 

7) Average Canadian citizens also pay 77% lower than German citizens for utilities like electricity, water, garbage and gas. 

8) Daily groceries are 20% costlier in Canada as compared to Germany. Roughly $75 in Germany will get you a similar number of items as compared to spending $95 in Canada. 

9) Canada is cheaper for buying clothing as compared to Germany. 

10) 9% of Canadians are below the poverty line while this is 15.5% in Germany. Unemployment rates of 7.3% are higher in Canada as compared to 5.5% in Germany. 

11) The healthcare system is 20% costlier in Canada as compared to Germany. 

12) Quality of life rankings indicate Germany slightly ahead at number 10 globally as compared to number 16 for Canada. 

13) Canada has chilly weather with many cities reporting snowfall for 7-8 months annually. Summers are also on the chillier side in Canada. Germany has warm summers and snowfall during winters. 

Read More: Reduce the bachelor’s cost by 20 lakhs

Germany vs. Canada- Which one is better for Education?

Canada is recognized for its expertise in educational fields like business management, engineering, media, nursing, medicine, hospitality and computer science. Whereas, Germany is known for its educational expertise in computer engineering, civil engineering, business management, chemical engineering, finance, data science, life sciences, electrical engineering, civil engineering and mechanical engineering. 

Canada- UG courses require completion of 12 years of schooling in Canada and SAT examination scores. 4-year degree courses are available along with 2-3 year diploma courses. PG courses require GMAT scores if you are applying for management programs and GRE scores for engineering admissions. You have to appear for language tests including IELTS or TOEFL irrespective of your degree. 

Germany- Every university regulates its own cut-off and eligibility criteria. UG courses necessitate clearing 12th standard and either one of JEE Advanced or a year of bachelor degree education from a recognized university in India. You should also clear the entrance examination for various universities or the Feststellungsprüfung. Some universities may seek 90% and higher in secondary school examination results although clearing JEE Advanced means this cut-off is relaxed to 50%. PG courses necessitate Bachelor’s degree in relevant subjects along with GRE/GMAT scores for some universities. Some may require TOEFL/IELTS scores and working knowledge of German. For programs taught in German, TestDAF or DSH are required. 

Canada vs. Germany for Indian Students

Here are some key pointers to note: 

1) Canada has average tuition fees hovering between $10-30,000 CAD or roughly INR 5, 76, 702 and INR 17, 30, 272 annually. Costs of studying in Germany are roughly around INR 90, 116 annually or 500-1000 Euros annually. However, you have to factor in living costs for both countries. 

2) Canada has costly accommodation and hostels. Students often rent out basements and common rooms since they are cheaper than on-campus accommodation or private units. Germany offers comparatively cheaper accommodation options for Indian students. 

3) Germany will have language barriers to be overcome. International students may consider taking the TestDaf for attaining more proficiency in German. This helps students to take courses in Germany without the IELTS. In Canada, however, you can communicate with everybody in English. International students can appear for IELTS or TOEFL for studying in the country. 

4) Germany is costly for standards of living, particularly for Indian students. Things are more expensive in Germany including utilities if you compare other countries like Canada, Australia or even the United States (U.S.). The average cost of living may go up to 800-850 Euros every month in Germany which equates to somewhere around INR 72-76,000 per month. 

5) Cost of living in Canada is not very less but slightly lower than Germany for international students even though tuition fees are higher. Accommodation is quite expensive in Canada although food, travel, utility bills and these miscellaneous expenses will be somewhere around 700-800 CAD each month which is roughly equivalent to INR 40-46,000 per month. 

6) The education system in Canada will have you evaluated all throughout a semester via multiple means including assignments, quizzes and discussions which are outside of the central examinations. This will be helpful for those who do not wish to depend only on their grades in the final examination. 

7) Within the purview of the German educational system, the results will not depend upon the final examination. Assessments are usually not held between semesters. Hence, you only have to clear the final examination at the end of every semester with great grades. 

8) Germany has comparatively higher employment opportunities. Post graduating, if you have the requisite skills and a good academic track record, you are more likely to find a job here. Competition for jobs is quite high in Canada. Even with a strong track record in academics and practical experience, you will need various things including references from professors, teachers, superiors and universities for landing a job in the country. 

Read More: Reduce the master’s cost abroad by 20 lakhs

Germany vs. Canada- Job Opportunities

Which country is better Canada or Germany with regard to job opportunities? In the Canada v Germany debate, it is prudent to look at the employment scenario in both countries. 

1) Canada offers jobs in fields like program analyst, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, teacher, construction manager, financial manager and others. Germany offers jobs in fields like healthcare, electronics and electrical, automotive and mechanical engineering, information technology and telecommunications and construction and building. 

2) Germany offers higher employment opportunities for international students. If you have good skills after graduating along with good academic results, then you will find it easier to land a job. Canada has tough competition prevailing in almost all sectors of the job market. You will require references from the university, superiors, teachers and professors along with persistence to find a job in Canada.

3) Permanent residency opportunities should also be carefully considered. You may apply for Permanent Residency in Canada in the period of post-graduation work permit, under the Canadian Experience Class. With the population of Canada being quite low, there is still a shortage of highly skilled professionals and workers. Getting a permanent residency is easier in Canada than several other global countries. 

4) If you have been staying in Germany on a German residence permit for 5 years, then you can apply for a permanent visa from Germany. Exemptions are offered for smaller stay requirements. Post 8 years of living in Germany, you may have eligibility for applying for citizenship in Germany. If you are marrying a German citizen, you can instantly apply for German citizenship likewise. 

Germany vs. Canada- Cost of living 

You should carefully compare costs of living in Germany and Canada before taking a decision. The overall costs will vary hugely from one location to another, depending upon multiple factors like the course, university, location and so on. 

Here are tables that will help you in this regard: 

UG courses: 

Category Germany Canada
Tuition Fees 150 (public universities) Euros to 20,000 Euros (private universities) annually $10-30,000 CAD annually
Room & Living Costs $10-12,000 annually (CAD) 8, 640 Euros annually (approximate average)
Course Duration 3-4 years 4 years
Total $20-42,000 annually (CAD) 8, 790-28, 640 Euros annually

PG courses: 

1) Tuition Fees- Tuition fees may hover between $15-35,000 CAD in Canada annually while they may range between 2000 and 30000 Euros in Germany. 

2) Room & Living Costs will be roughly $10-12,000 annually in Canada while they will stand at roughly 8, 640 Euros annually in Germany. 

3) The course duration will be 1-2 years for both countries. 

4) Overall costs will be 10, 640-38, 640 Euros annually in Germany and $25-47,000 CAD annually in Canada. 

Factoring in these costs, it can be said that Germany is comparatively cheaper for Indian or international students than Canada owing to lower accommodation and tuition costs. 

Read More: Start Studying from home country and earn credits in COVID

Germany vs. Canada – FAQs

Q1. Which country has lower cost of living- Germany or Canada?

A: Germany has slightly lower cost of living owing to its comparatively lower tuition and accommodation fees. Canada is cheaper by way of utilities and food among other costs

Q 2. Which country is better for Indian students- Germany or Canada?

A: Germany offers higher employment opportunities, slightly lower cost of living and high quality of life while Canada offers high quality of life, slightly cheaper utility and miscellaneous costs and a more competitive job market. However, attaining permanent residency is easier in Canada than Germany.

Q 3. Living in Germany or Canada- Which is better

A: Quality of life is superlative in both Germany and Canada. The former slightly outranks Canada as per global studies on this count. Germany offers superior public education, better weather, good healthcare, lower costs of living and higher employment opportunities. Canada offers a robust system of healthcare, easier permanent residency applications and good public facilities.

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