There are many aspirants wondering how to settle in Germany from India. Several rules, regulations and other aspects have to be kept in mind for this purpose. Germany is known to be one of the most favorable countries for international professionals and students owing to its flourishing economy, well developed educational system, best quality of life and abundant opportunities for employment. It is a coveted destination for people throughout the world. Studies have reported how the number of Indians shifting to Germany for higher education and employment has increased exponentially over the last few years as per the BAMF (Federal Office for Migration and Refugees).
Migrate to Germany From India- Useful Insights
Owing to the boom in the job market in Germany, the largest economy of Europe and increasing immigration limitations in several other global countries, the figures have increased sizably. In the year 2018, for instance, Indians got the highest number at 7, 556 EU Blue Cards issued by Germany which stood at 27, 241 in total. This figure was 2, 568 out of 11, 290 EU Blue Cards in Germany for the year 2013. This indicates the rapid increase in Indians moving to Germany for employment and educational purpose. The EU Blue Card started in 2012, enables nationals from other countries with a labor contract (or binding employment offer) and academic degree, guaranteeing a specific minimum annual income for working and living in Germany.
A whopping 1.8 lakh Indians also made applications in 2017 for German visas which indicates the popularity of the country amongst professionals and students here in the country. Germany promotes immigration for skilled workers, especially in occupations with shortages while also ensuring fast-tracking of opportunities for permanent residencies and enabling reunification of families. Germany is the biggest issuer of the EU Blue Card in Europe. Employment has doubled from India between the years 2013 and 2017 post its introduction as per studies.
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How to settle in Germany- Important requirements to move from India
Wondering how to settle in Germany? It should not be hard with regard to moving to Germany from India provided you make a note of all the vital requirements. Although there are several ways to migrate to the country, each having its own set of needs, there are some similarities that you should still keep in mind. For being eligible to shift to Germany, the following aspects should be kept in mind:
1. Proven financial stability- Every immigration purpose comes with a clearly laid-down financial threshold that applicants have to fulfill although they should prove that irrespective of intent, they can finance their stay in Germany. Even when you are working in the country, you should initial funds to cover all expenditures until you receive your salary.
2. Health Insurance- Immigration is only possible with suitable health insurance coverage of applicants. You should ideally consider getting German health insurance. Find out more about health insurance for employees, freelancers and expatriates in the country.
3. Basic German proficiency- The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages comes with three language proficiency levels, namely A, C and B. Every one of them comes with two parts, i.e. A1/A2, B1/B2 and C1/C2. For immigrating, you have to enter this examination and pass either till A1/B1. Permanent residencies necessitate C1/C2 levels of proficiency.
4. German Visa- Visas come in several types including student visas, business visas, job seeker visas, training/internship visas, working/employment visas, guest scientist visas and family reunion visas to join partners or relatives.
5. The job seeker visa is a long-term residence permit enabling people to seek jobs within duration of 6 months. You can attend interviews in Germany with this visa than applying from abroad. You can then apply for the EU Blue Card within Germany and apply for permanent residency (PR) post completion of 5 years as an employee in the country. After holding the PR visa for 5 years, you can apply for German citizenship.
6. You should have 6 months of experience and 15 years of education along with qualifications and university should be H+ as per Anabin database. Applicants from India should have 16 years of education (either 4 years Bachelor’s degree or 3 years Bachelor’s degree with Masters Degree). English proficiency is needed although learning German is recommended. Funds should be sufficient for staying for 6 months in the country. They should be maintained from at least a month before filing and maintained until a decision is taken by the German Immigration Department. Proof of accommodation has to be shown for the period of 6 months.
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Why should you settle in Germany?
If you are wondering is Germany safe for Indian students, then the answer is clearly yes. You can safely immigrate to Germany from India since the Germany is one of the favorable countries to move to. Here are some reasons for settling down in Germany.
1. The job market is a flourishing one for skilled professionals in IT, engineering and manufacturing segments.
2. Residents get fabulous benefits including free education and healthcare.
3. German cities are consistently ranked amongst the most livable cities in the whole world.
4. There is a shortage of skilled professionals in diverse business sectors, leading to attractive opportunities for immigrants.
5. Germany takes the fastest visa-related decisions in any major economy, enabling better planning.
6. Salaries are great and so are the benefits along with gaining access to all of the EU (European Union) post obtaining your visa.
7. Germany is Europe’s biggest economy and Western Europe’s highest populated country while being the second most popular destination for migrants in the world after the U.S.
8. Immigrants made up 14.8% of the population in Germany as of the year 2017.
9. It is increasingly becoming a major destination for business immigrants. Roughly 44.3 million individuals had jobs in Germany in the year 2017 which is more than half of the total population of the country.
10. Salaries are higher than most other nations and the country reportedly requires 400,000 migrants annually.
Types of Immigration
There are various kinds of immigration that you should be aware of. These include the following:
1. Immigration for employment
This is one of the most preferred means for immigration. The steps involved are finding work in the country, applying for the working/employment visa and shifting to the country for obtaining the working residence permit. However, requirements include clear shortage of employees from EU/Germany for employers, employee having same conditions as other German employees, employee should meet all requirements for the position and company should meet all German authority guidelines. You can work for as long as the residence permit allows you to. The employer can make you apply for an extension after a certain period and you can eventually apply for permanent residence.
2. Immigration for entrepreneurs
If you are an investor interested in the country, and you can invest 250,000 Euros. You will have to obtain the self employment visa under the working visa category. You will have to prove that you have the funds needed for investing, that the investment will benefit the economy in Germany and that the investment is in demand in Germany. Maintaining entrepreneurial status in Germany means being allowed unlimited extensions of residence permit post three years.
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3. Immigration for education
Germany offers free education. Universities in Germany have low tuition fees and hence it is a good place to migrate for education needs. You should have a visa for studying in Germany. If you complete your degree, then you can remain for a limited time to find a job. If you find one, you can stay on in the country. Reports highlight that 54% of students completing degrees in Germany have stayed on and found jobs in the country as well.
4. Immigration for family reunions
People often shift to Germany for several reasons but unfortunately have to leave behind their families in their countries of birth. All children (under 16 years of age) and spouses may apply for immigrating to Germany for joining their parent or spouse. To attain eligibility for the family reunion immigration visa, spouses should prove that they are already married and children should possess birth certificates as well. For kids under 16 years of age, it is not necessary to have language skills in German since it is assumed that they can learn swiftly. However, for those above 16, there should be proof of proficiency in German and the ability to integrate and adapt alongside. Spouses should have A1 German proficiency levels for qualification. Visas for both spouses come with the same terms and conditions.
There is also the question of German Residence permits. Whenever you get any visa for immigration, you will also obtain a residence permit. This permit may either be permanent or temporary. Temporary residence permits enable foreign nationals to remain in Germany for a particular duration and then come back to their home countries. Permanent residence permits mean that foreign nationals may stay in Germany for as long as they want and leave and return whenever they wish. Yet, a permanent residence permit does not indicate that you become a German citizen. Germany has two temporary residence permits along with a single permanent residence permit. Here are the major types that you should know in this regard:
1. Standard Residence Permit- This type of residence permit is used for all immigration needs and even for completion of training courses, previous German citizens wishing to return to the country and even for those visiting for humanitarian and political objectives. This standard permit can be valid for a long duration and it may also be extended likewise.
2. EU Blue Card- The European Union Blue Card is given to those foreign nationals who are not EU country citizens with high qualifications and desire to work in Germany and apply the skills in question. High qualifications automatically indicate that the individual has a graduate/undergraduate degree in any given field of study/work. For qualifying for the EU Blue Card, you should have already found a job in the country and the minimum annual salary you draw should be 56,800 Euros. The EU Blue Card gives holders rights for staying on in Germany for 4 years with the scope of changing residence permit into a permanent settlement as well. To qualify for the latter, the person should have ample proficiency in German while adhering to particular financial requirements and having worked in the country for 33 months at least.
3. Settlement Permit or Permanent Residence Permit- The permanent residence permit is known as the Settlement Permit in Germany. The Settlement Permit is given to those with either standard residence permits or EU Blue Cards for a minimum of 5 years while adhering to specific language requirements at the same time.
Read More: Cost of Living in Germany
How to Settle in Germany from India – FAQs
Q 1. What are the types of immigration?
A: The types of immigration include immigration for employment, immigration for education, immigration for entrepreneurship, immigration for family reunion and German residence permits.
Q 2. What are the types of residence permits for Germany?
A: The types of residence permits in Germany include standard residence permits, settlement permit or the permanent residence permit and also the EU Blue Card.
Q 3. What are the types of visas?
A: There are many types of visas including job seeker visas, working employment visas, business visas, guest scientist visas, family reunion visas, training or internship visas and student visas.