Part time jobs in Germany are really important for most of the international students. Several global students consider Germany as their preferred destination for higher studies owing to the superior quality of education along with overall affordability and opportunities for professional advancement. Part time jobs are helpful for international students for earning extra income and also enhancing their overall knowledge and skills alongside. Studies report that a whopping 2/3rds of the students in the country work part time while pursuing higher education.
Living costs in Germany are comparatively affordable in comparison with the average in the EU (European Union) yet international students welcome opportunities to earn some extra income for paying off tuition fees or living costs every month. Studies estimate 861 Euros as average monthly living costs for international students in Germany or approximately 10, 332 Euros every year. Those working for less than 30 hours every week are perceived as part-time work in Germany. Once you have been working at a company for a period of 6 months, you will have the right to request for a reduction in weekly working hours (if the company employs in excess of 15 individuals). Students can earn up to 450 Euros every month without paying taxes. Earning more than 450 Euros will necessitate tax numbers for students and a certain amount will be deducted every month from wages each month. Students may get this money back by the end of the year post submission of tax returns.
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Rules for part time jobs in Germany for students
Those looking for part time jobs in Germany should make a note of all applicable rules and regulations in the country. There are several regulations applicable for holding part time jobs in Germany for students. Here are some key pointers worth knowing in this regard:
1) Students from the EU, Norway, Switzerland, Iceland and Liechtenstein have almost similar rights as German students in the job market. If they wish to work for 20+ hours per week, they are eligible for specific insurance contributions like the German nationals.
2) Students from other countries will have to adhere to some exclusive rules and regulations in this regard.
3) Part time workers can work only for 120 full days or 240 half days annually without being allowed to undertake freelancing or self-employment.
4) If you want to work more than the allowed hours, you will have to take permission from your local employment agency along with the registration office for foreigners.
5) International students pursuing any preparatory or language course can only work in recess periods with permission taken from the Immigration Office and Federal Employment Agency.
6) International students who are working as academic assistants are not usually limited to working hour guidelines. Yet, they will have to intimate the foreigners’ office about their working terms and conditions.
7) Work permits are needed from the authority or Agentur fur Arbeit and this permit will have all information about the maximum work limit for a student.
8) Working for less than 50 continuous days over a year will also exempt students from taxation.
9) Working for 20+ hours every week is not advisable in most cases; it will go against rules of most universities in Germany and you will have to pay health insurance, nursing care insurance and unemployment insurance likewise.
10) Complying with Federal Laws is a must; flouting the same may lead to expulsion from Germany itself.
11) Working within a University means that wages and working hours are worked out in a different manner. They are far better in both respects and you may work longer hours without difficulties. However, obtaining University job opportunities may be tougher than you think.
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How to find part time jobs in Germany for international students?
Wondering how to find part time jobs in Germany for international students? There are several avenues through which you can look for part time jobs in Germany for Indian students. Here are some tips in this regard:
1) Employers and recruiters may have job advertisements posted in various locations including both online and offline channels. It is vital to remain alert if you are on the lookout for job opportunities in Germany.
2) The University Bulletin Board may be a great place to find available job opportunities in Germany. These boards usually contain numerous flyers for students to view and employers sometimes offer jobs with more flexible hours which are ideal for aspirants. Depending upon skills and expertise, you may find several part-time job positions on the board.
3) University career centers may have several job opportunities posted for the benefit of students. The centers are mostly in close contact with several employers and industries, indicating that they remain updated about the prevailing job market. Students usually set appointments for discussing the type of work that they can perform and find out about opportunities.
4) Online job portals are also ideal for students seeking part-time job opportunities in the country. Employers usually post varied jobs across numerous portals and prospective employees may view them and apply likewise. You may find diverse work in innumerable fields with clearly detailed skill and educational requirements.
5) You may find help from acquaintances, fellow students and friends with regard to finding out about job openings, especially for university students. This is not always helpful instantly but word of mouth may work wonders in the long run. Once you let people know that you are seeking a job, they will naturally make an attempt to inform you about any available job openings likewise.
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Type of part time jobs in Germany with minimum wages
There are numerous part time jobs in Germany for English speakers and other international students alike.
The type of jobs usually students can find are
1. Academic assistants
- Library supervisor
- Tutorial assistant
- Literature researcher
2. Off-campus jobs
- Trade Fairs
- Office documents filing
- Media (Students of Journalism)
- Tutoring (Those undergoing teacher training courses)
You should also note that you will only increase your period of study by working more than 20 hours every week in jobs which are not linked to your direct qualifications or field of study. Student jobs in Germany usually pay sufficient money for university students to get decent pocket money for covering all related costs. The minimum wage in Germany is somewhere around 9.19 Euros per hour as of 2019 and this is updated periodically. The pay will depend largely on the skills of students, the qualifications and the industry that they are working in. There are jobs which pay considerably higher than the minimum wage while some industries may have lower payments, depending upon numerous factors.
Bigger German cities may have higher pay for part time work as compared to similar jobs in smaller cities in the country. Yet, you should know that costs of living are also higher in bigger German cities. Research assistants earn quite well with exemptions alongside. Working at the university is always considered to be a great option if you can get in. The standard limit for a year’s earning is around 8500 Euros which do not draw taxation or social security issuance.
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Part Time Jobs in Germany – FAQs
Q1. Do international students pay taxes for part-time jobs?
A: International students working part time may earn up to 450 Euros every month without any requirement of paying any taxes. If you are earning more than this amount regularly every month, then you will have to get hold of a tax number. In this system, a specific amount will be deducted from your wages on a monthly basis although you will only get this back at the end of the financial year once you submit your tax return.
Q 2. Will social security contributions have to be paid by international students working part-time in Germany?
A: You will only have eligibility for paying social security contributions in case you are permanently employed in the country. This will include health insurance, pension and unemployment insurance and nursing care insurance. If you are working for lower than two months for roughly 50 days, you will not have to pay social security contributions likewise. Those employed for longer durations should have pension insurance as well.
Q3. How much can you earn with student jobs in Germany?
A: Part time jobs for students in Germany witness varying payment, depending upon the skills of the student along with the job sector or industry. The average wage is somewhere around 9.19 Euros every hour (as of the year 2019) and it is updated periodically. Payment is slightly higher for part time jobs in bigger German cities although costs of living are higher there as well. Some employers may pay higher than the minimum wage as well.