The Nature Of Genius Reading Answers - IELTS Reading SampleUpdated on 30 December, 2022
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When preparing for IELTS, it is essential to focus on all the sections. One of the crucial parts is the IELTS Reading Section which requires practice and thorough preparation. The best way to do that is to practice sample sets; to help you with that, here is the reading passage for practice under the topic ‘the nature of genius,’ with questions and their answers.
There has always been an interest in geniuses and prodigies. The word ‘genius’, from the Latin gens (= family) and the term ‘genius’, meaning ‘begetter’, comes from the early Roman cult of a divinity as the head of the family. In its earliest form, genius was concerned with the ability of the head of the family, the paterfamilias, to perpetuate himself. Gradually, genius came to represent a person’s characteristics and thence an individual’s highest attributes derived from his ‘genius’ or guiding spirit. Today, people still look to stars or genes, astrology or genetics, in the hope of finding the source of exceptional abilities or personal characteristics.
The concept of genius and of gifts has become part of our folk culture, and attitudes are ambivalent towards them. We envy the gifted and mistrust them. In the mythology of giftedness, it is popularly believed that if people are talented in one area, they must be defective in another, that intellectuals are impractical, that prodigies burn too brightly too soon and burn out, that gifted people are eccentric, that they are physical weaklings, that there’s a thin line between genius and madness, that genius runs in families, that the gifted are so clever they don’t need special help, that giftedness is the same as having a high IQ, that some races are more intelligent or musical or mathematical than others, that genius goes unrecognised and unrewarded, that adversity makes men wise or that people with gifts have a responsibility to use them. Language has been enriched with such terms as ‘highbrow’, ‘egghead’, ‘blue-stocking’, ‘wiseacre’, ‘know-all’, ‘boffin’ and, for many, ‘intellectual’ is a term of denigration.
The nineteenth century saw considerable interest in the nature of genius, and produced not a few studies of famous prodigies. Perhaps for us today, two of the most significant aspects of most of these studies of genius are the frequency with which early encouragement and teaching by parents and tutors had beneficial effects on the intellectual, artistic or musical development of the children but caused great difficulties of adjustment later in their lives, and the frequency with which abilities went unrecognised by teachers and schools. However, the difficulty with the evidence produced by these studies, fascinating as they are in collecting together anecdotes and apparent similarities and exceptions, is that they are not what we would today call norm-referenced. In other words, when, for instance, information is collated about early illnesses, methods of upbringing, schooling, etc., we must also take into account information from other historical sources about how common or exceptional these were at the time. For instance, infant mortality was high and life expectancy much shorter than today, home tutoring was common in the families of the nobility and wealthy, bullying and corporal punishment were common at the best independent schools and, for the most part, the cases studied were members of the privileged classes. It was only with the growth of paediatrics and psychology in the twentieth century that studies could be carried out on a more objective, if still not always very scientific, basis.
Geniuses, however they are defined, are but the peaks which stand out through the mist of history and are visible to the particular observer from his or her particular vantage point. Change the observers and the vantage points, clear away some of the mist, and a different lot of peaks appear. Genius is a term we apply to those whom we recognise for their outstanding achievements and who stand near the end of the continuum of human abilities which reaches back through the mundane and mediocre to the incapable. There is still much truth in Dr Samuel Johnson’s observation, The true genius Is a mind of large general powers, accidentally determined to some particular direction’. We may disagree with the ‘general’, for we doubt if all musicians of genius could have become scientists of genius or vice versa, but there is no doubting the accidental determination which nurtured or triggered their gifts into those channels into which they have poured their powers so successfully. Along the continuum of abilities are hundreds of thousands of gifted men and women, boys and girls.
What we appreciate, enjoy or marvel at in thè works of genius or the achievements of prodigies are the manifestations of skills or abilities which are similar to, but so much superior to, our own. But that their minds are not different from our own is demonstrated by the fact that the hard-won discoveries of scientists like Kepler or Einstein become the commonplace knowledge of schoolchildren and the once outrageous shapes and colours of an artist like Paul Klee so soon appear on the fabrics we wear. This does not minimise the supremacy of their achievements, which outstrip our own as the sub-four-minute milers outstrip our jogging.
To think of geniuses and the gifted as having uniquely different brains is only reasonable If we accept that each human brain is uniquely different. The purpose of instruction is to make US even more different from one another, and in the process of being educated we can learn from the achievements of those more gifted than ourselves. But before we try to emulate geniuses or encourage our children to do so we should note that some of the things we learn from them may prove unpalatable. We may envy their achievements and fame, but we should also recognise the price they may have paid in terms of perseverance, single-mindedness, dedication, restrictions on their personal lives, the demands upon their energies and time, and how often they had to display great courage to preserve their integrity or to make their way to the top.
Genius and giftedness are relative descriptive terms of no real substance. We may, at best, give them some precision by defining them and placing them in a context but, whatever we do, we should never delude ourselves into believing that gifted children or geniuses are different from the rest of humanity, save in the degree to which they have developed the performance of their abilities.
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Choose FIVE letters, A-K.
Write the correct letters in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet
NB Your answers may be given in any order.
Below are listed some popular beliefs about genius and giftedness.
Which FIVE of these beliefs are reported by the writer of the text?
A Truly gifted people are talented in all areas.
B The talents of geniuses are soon exhausted.
C Gifted people should use their gifts.
D A genius appears once in every generation.
E Genius can be easily destroyed by discouragement.
F Genius is inherited.
G Gifted people are very hard to live with.
H People never appreciate true genius.
I Geniuses are natural leaders.
J Gifted people develop their greatness through difficulties.
K Genius will always reveal itself.
1. Answer: B
Explanation: Here, we will concentrate on the keywords, prodigies and brightly too soon. In paragraph 2, we can see that it is mentioned that "prodigies burn too brightly too soon and burn out." Here prodigies refer to a talented person, and burnout refers to getting exhausted. So, this is similar to B, The talents of geniuses are soon exhausted, so this is the correct answer.
2. Answer: C
Explanation: Here we will focus on the keyword Gifts. While going through the passage, we found mention of gifted people in paragraph 2. It is mentioned that "people with gifts have a responsibility to use them." So, it equates to Gifted people should use their gifts. We can say the correct answer is C.
3. Answer: F
Explanation: We will focus on two keywords here genius and families. We found them in paragraph 2, lines 8-9. The writer mentioned that genius runs in families. Here runs in the family= inherited. So, by this explanation, the correct answer is F.
4. Answer: H
Explanation: Here we focus on two keywords, genius and unrecognized. In the second paragraph, lines 11-12, the writer mentions genius goes unrecognized and unrewarded. Here unrecognized means they are not appreciated. So, we can say that true genius is not appreciated; based on this observation, the correct answer is, H.
5. Answer: J
Explanation: Here we look for the paragraph where there is mention of gifted people, and we find that it is in paragraph 2. Here is one of the lines the writer mentioned: "Adversity makes men wise." Here adversity refers to difficulties. So, we can say that gifted people become wise and develop their greatness by facing difficulties.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2?
In boxes 6-13 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
6. Nineteenth-century studies of the nature of genius failed to take into account the uniqueness of the person’s upbringing.
Explanation: The keywords we looked for in the passage are the nineteenth century, failed, and uniqueness of persons. These are referenced in paragraph 3. It is mentioned there that "the difficulty with the evidence produced by these studies, fascinating as they are in collecting together anecdotes and apparent similarities and exceptions, is that they are not what we would today call norm-referenced." Here, they are not norm reference= that failed to consider exceptional=uniqueness. So, we concur that this statement is true.
7. Nineteenth-century studies of genius lacked both objectivity and a proper scientific approach.
Explanation: To answer this question, again, we looked for the keyword nineteenth-century, scientific studies of genius. We found that in 3rd paragraph, in the last lines, it is mentioned, "It was only with the growth of pediatrics and psychology in the twentieth century that studies could be carried out on a more objective if still not always very scientific basis." We can conclude from this statement that research in the 19th century couldn't be done objectively and scientifically. In the 20th century, research only improved in objectivity and science. So, this statement is true.
8. A true genius has general powers capable of excellence in any area.
Explanation: The keywords t focus on here is a true genius, excellence in any area, and general powers. We see that in paragraph 4, Dr johnson states that, “The true genius is a mind of large general powers, accidentally determined to a particular direction. We may disagree with the „general,‟ for we doubt if all musicians of genius could have become scientists of genius or vice versa." So, if someone is a genius in one genre does not mean he will be identical in another, so this statement is false.
9. The skills of ordinary individuals are in essence the same as the skills of prodigies.
Explanation: We can see the mention of keywords, skills, and prodigies in the starting lines of paragraph 5. The writer mentioned, "What we appreciate, enjoy or marvel at in thè works of genius or the achievements of prodigies are the manifestations of skills or abilities which are similar to, but so much superior to, our own." This translates to the fact that prodigies have abilities comparable to regular individuals yet achieve significantly more. However, their minds are not different from ours.
10. The ease with which truly great ideas are accepted and taken for granted fails to lessen their significance.
Explanation: In paragraph 5, the writer explains that even though the discoveries of einstein and Kepler become the commonplace knowledge of schoolchildren, the art of Paul Klee so soon appear on the fabrics we wear. This does not minimize the supremacy of their achievements. So, even though their great discoveries are accepted and may be taken for granted, their significance is not reduced.
11. Giftedness and genius deserve proper scientific research into their true nature so that all talent may be retained for the human race.
Answer: Not Given
Explanation: As we go through the paragraph, we didn't see any mention of scientific studies about what genius actually is, and how all l talent may be retained for the human race.
12. Geniuses often pay a high price to achieve greatness.
Explanation: After reading the statement, we look for some keywords like pay high price and achieve greatness. In paragraph 6, the writer mentioned that “we should also recognize the price they may have paid in terms of perseverance, single-mindedness, dedication, restrictions on their personal lives, the demands upon their energies and time.” It suggests that we could have feelings of envy toward legendary geniuses. But it took a lot of effort and a strong will to succeed in them to reach this fame. So, the answer is true.
13. To be a genius is worth the high personal cost.
Answer: Not Given
Explanation: In paragraph 6, the writer mentions the high price they have to pay to achieve greatness. However, the writer did not mention anything about the personal costs. So, it is Not given.
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