Thousands of students appear every year for the IELTS test. This test, usually conducted for 60 minutes, assesses students' language proficiency and comprehension abilities. The questions are tricky, and acing the exam requires thorough preparation using sample papers. These papers help familiarize students with the question pattern and type. Below is A Neuroscientist Shows How to Think Differently Reading Answers IELTS sample to gauge preparation.
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Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.
1. Neuroeconomics is a field of study which seeks to
A. cause a change in how scientists understand brain chemistry.
B. understand how good decisions are made in the brain.
C. understand how the brain is linked to achievement in competitive fields.
D. trace the specific firing patterns of neurons in different areas of the brain.
2. According to the writer, iconoclasts are distinctive because
A. they create unusual brain circuits.
B. their brains function differently.
C. their personalities are distinctive.
D. they make decisions easily.
3. According to the writer, the brain works efficiently because
A. it uses the eyes quickly.
B. it interprets data logically.
C. it generates its energy.
D. it relies on previous events.
4. The writer says that perception is
A. a combination of photons and sound waves.
B. a reliable product of what your senses transmit.
C. a result of brain processes.
D. a process we are usually conscious of.
5. According to the writer, an iconoclastic thinker
A. centralises perceptual thinking in one part of the brain.
B. avoids cognitive traps.
C. has a brain that is hardwired for learning.
D. has more opportunities than the average person.
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Do the following statements agree with the writer's claims in Reading Passage?
In boxes 6-11 on your answer sheet, write
YES if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer
NO, if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
6. _____Exposure to different events forces the brain to think differently.
7. _____Iconoclasts are unusually receptive to new experiences.
8. _____Most people are too shy to try different things.
9. _____ If you think in an iconoclastic way, you can easily overcome fear.
10. _____When concern about embarrassment matters less, other fears become irrelevant.
11. _____Fear of public speaking is a psychological illness.
Read more about: Tips For Reading in IELTS Exam | IELTS Academic Reading | IELTS Reading Tips And Tricks | IELTS Reading Band Score | IELTS General Reading Test | IELTS Reading Section |
1. Answer – C
Explanation: The answer to this question may be found in Paragraph A of A Neuroscientist Shows How to Think Differently Reading Answers IELTS sample. Toward the beginning of the paragraph, the author talks about neuroeconomics. According to the author, this field of science is all about the brain’s success in an economic environment to adapt to innovation. This implies that this study is about achievement in competitive fields. Hence, the answer is C.
2. Answer – B
Explanation: Paragraph A of A Neuroscientist Shows How to Think Differently Reading Answers IELTS sample has the answer. First, the paragraph discusses neuroeconomics and how this branch of study deals with the secrets to the brain’s success in economic environments and competitive fields. Then, the author talks about an iconoclast, saying that these people are known to try out things that others say cannot be done. This implies that iconoclasts have brains that function differently than others.
3. Answer – D
Explanation: Paragraph C of A Neuroscientist Shows How to Think Differently Reading Answers IELTS sample provides the answer to this question. The paragraph starts by discussing how the human brain has evolved to work as efficiently as possible. The author gives an example that whenever some information is presented before the brain, it tries to decipher it in the shortest possible time. The author continues by saying that this is done by relying on past experiences or inference.
4. Answer – C
Explanation: The answer to this question is found in the last statement of Paragraph D of A Neuroscientist Shows How to Think Differently Reading Answers. The writer begins the paragraph by discussing how perception is not even real. This small paragraph mentions that perception is a product of electrical and biological rumblings. Furthermore, the author says that the truth about perception goes beyond physical realities. It is more like something the brain itself creates.
5. Answer – B
Explanation: Paragraph E of the Reading passage answers this question. In this paragraph, the writer mainly discusses iconoclasts and how their brains differ from an average person's. He mentions that perception is the main thing in an iconoclast's brain. This is because their brain thinks differently – mainly by avoiding efficiency traps. This statement implies that their brain works toward avoiding cognitive traps. Hence, the answer is B.
6. Answer – YES
Explanation: The answer to this question may be found in Paragraph A of A Neuroscientist Shows How to Think Differently Reading Answers IELTS sample. In the first paragraph, the writer begins the passage by talking about neuroeconomics, which is the brain's ability to bring about innovation to think differently than competitors. So, the statement does agree with the writer's claims.
7. Answer – YES
Explanation: This question's answer is found in Paragraph F of the Reading passage. In this paragraph, the writer discusses how gaining fresh experiences can open up the brain. They can free it from the chains of past experiences and force it to think differently. In the following two statements, the writer, almost in a tone of praise, says that iconoclasts' brains are different because they seek new experiences. They are willing to be changed by them. These people embrace novelty with both arms, while others feel threatened by it. So, the statement agrees with the author's claims in the passage.
8. Answer – NOT GIVEN
Explanation: In Paragraph F of A Neuroscientist Shows How to Think Differently Reading Answers IELTS sample, the author talks about how the brains of iconoclasts differ from an average person's because they invite fresh experiences and embrace novelty. This may imply that an average person's brain could be more inviting to novel experiences. However, the author does not mention that people are shy about such experiences. So, it is not given anywhere throughout the passage.
9. Answer – NO
Explanation: The answer to this question is found in Paragraph G of the IELTS Reading sample. From the opening of the paragraph itself, the writer talks about one drawback of novelty: fear. Usually, this has to do with the fear of the new and the unknown, which keeps the person from trying out novel experiences. Besides the fear of uncertainty, the author also talks about the fear of being publicly ridiculed. So, fear has been shown as a trigger. It is through overcoming fear that one can think in an iconoclastic way.
10. Answer – NOT GIVEN
Explanation: The answer to this question may be found in Paragraphs G and H of the Reading Passage. Both these paragraphs focus on fear and embarrassment, which keep people from thinking like an iconoclast. It also talks about social intelligence and how such responses are learned. The author tells us that the human brain can be trained to enjoy becoming an iconoclast. However, he does not mention whether other fears become irrelevant with less concern for embarrassment.
11. Answer – NO
Explanation: The answer to this question may be found in Paragraph G of A Neuroscientist Shows How to Think Differently Reading Answers IELTS sample. In this paragraph, the author talks about the fear of speaking in public towards the end. He mentions that this fear often comes across as a mental illness or disorder. However, the same is simply an aspect of human nature. The author further says that iconoclasts do not allow this aspect to overrule them. The author clearly says the opposite of the statement. Hence, it is contradictory to the author's claims.
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