Types of essays in IELTS – Complete Detailing

Types of Essays in IELTS

IELTS (International English Language Testing System) is a standardized test designed to assess the language ability of the candidates wishing to study or work in a country where English is the primary language of communication. The Academic IELTS is required for university or college admission, while the General Training IELTS is intended for career and immigration purposes. IELTS has four papers – Writing, Speaking, Reading, and Listening. The writing section is compulsory, as writing skills are important to assess the English language proficiency of non-native English speakers before they start residing in an English-speaking environment for work or education. 

The writing section in IELTS has two tasks, and Task 2 requires you to write an informal essay in response to a statement. Writing Task 2 is an essay writing of 250 words in 40 minutes. The topic presents a point of view, argument, or problem and the test-taker is asked to write an essay in response. The essay writing task is designed to understand the writing skills, grammar, vocabulary, ideas, and reasoning capabilities of applicants.

You will be presented with a topic and will be tested on your ability to respond by giving and justifying an opinion, discussing the topic, summarizing details, outlining problems, identifying possible solutions, and supporting what you write with reasons, arguments, and relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. 

The questions for IELTS Writing Task 2 are fairly general and cover a wide range of topics. There are various types of essays given in the IELTS examination. The applicants need to focus and prepare all the types of essays so that it becomes easy to write a winning essay on the examination day. Questions can be written in many different ways, which can make it difficult to determine, which type they are, so it is essential to know all the patterns, formats, and types of essays in IELTS.

Types and categories of IELTS essay writing questions

It is important to practice all the patterns of essay writing so that it is easy to attempt on the day of examination. Below listed are some of the common types of essays in IELTS, with examples to understand the pattern and format. 

IELTS opinion essay

The opinion essay is the most common type of IELTS Task 2 question. Here, the question will be presented with a particular opinion. The applicants need to either agree with the opinion or disagree with the opinion. Applicants need to provide their own opinion too, based on relevant information, ideas, and experience. This is also an argumentative essay where the opinions are discussed, and the contrary statements are also produced. There should be suitable reasons behind agreeing or disagreeing with the particular opinion in the question. It is important to discuss both the views, from agreeing and disagreeing points of view, and then end the essay with your own opinion. Example: A big salary is much more important than job satisfaction. Do you agree? Do you disagree? What is your opinion? This is a highly scoring type of essay, but it is very important to understand the question and then present a relevant opinion with support of evidence and ideas. 

IELTS discussion essay

In discussion essays, you have to discuss both sides of an argument. Here you need to talk about the positive side as well as the negative side. When a topic is given, you need to state points to agree with the statement as well as produce statements that support the disagreement part. Usually, you will be asked for your own opinion as well. The easiest way to approach this type of IELTS Task 2 question is to choose one point of view to agree with and one side to disagree with. For this, you need to understand the question very well. It is important to be on both sides of the statement and then you need to draft the essay so that you do justice to both agreement and disagreement. Your opinion, in the end, will matter the most. This is up to you again, to decide whether you are agreeing with the statement or not. To get a good band, it is important to understand the question, take 1 minute to plan the essay, and then write it down. Example: Many people consider television is good for students, while some think it is a bad influence. Here, you need to speak on both sides and then finally pen down your opinion. 

IELTS problem and solution essay

The problem and solution essay is the type where you are required to list out problems associated with a particular topic and then you need to suggest solutions to those problems. A particular statement will be given as a question, the applicants need to write all the problems related to that statement. After stating the problems you need to draft the solutions or remedies to those problems. Such an essay will need a lot of understanding, and with a proficient hold over English language skills and proficiency, one can write a winning essay. The topics will be very common and of general interest so that the applicants can deliver a good write-up with relevant information and unique ideas. Applicants need to be very creative and innovative while writing all the problems and solutions related to it. For example – Traffic congestion has become one of the major issues in cities. What are the problems people face due to traffic? Discuss the possible solutions to overcoming it. The more unique, coherent, and cohesive you write, keeping all the aspects like vocabulary, grammar, fluency, no spelling mistakes, idea generation in mind, the better you score. 

IELTS advantage and disadvantage essay

 An advantage and disadvantage essay is also a two-part essay, where you need to enlist all the advantages and disadvantages of a particular thing, event, or situation. It is very important to understand the question, only then you will be able to note down all the perks and drawbacks of a certain sentence. For example, a topic like “Some people think it is good to take a year gap before joining the university”. Write the advantages and disadvantages of this statement. After you understand the statement, you need to write the benefits and the drawbacks of taking a gap before joining University. Here, the applicants are not supposed to speak in favor or disagree with the statement. It is an informative essay where the advantages and disadvantages of a particular event or thing are discussed by the applicants. Make sure the points are valid for both sides. There is no need for writing your own opinion if you get an advantage and disadvantage essay type in your question paper. 

IELTS direct question essay

In a direct question essay, there can be one question or several questions to answer. If there is a single question, the entire essay needs to be about that particular topic. If there are more than two or three questions, the applicants will have to plan the 250-word length essay in such a manner that all the questions are covered in it. You cannot miss out on any question and neither can you exceed the word limit, as you only get 40 minutes to complete the writing task 2. For example – More people are looking out for jobs in the cities. Questions are: What are the problems due to this? The second question is – what are the possible solutions to this statement? You need to understand that all the parts of the questions need to be answered. To do well in the direct question, you must have good time management skills. It is good to just have one single question, but when you get an essay writing with more than two questions, it becomes a tedious task. 

IELTS two-part essay

An IELTS two-part essay is one where there are two questions. In support of one sentence, there are two very related questions. Make sure you answer both the questions in your essay. If you forget one question, it will be an incomplete test even if you have drafted an essay of 250 words. All the parts of the question need to be answered. This is a scoring question, where you will get a lot of points to write. You can make your essay unique by stating various facts, opinions, ideas, and descriptions. For example – Many children have become habitual using mobile applications excessively day and night. Why do you think this is so? What can parents do to avoid this situation from getting worse further? There are two questions for the particular statement, and you need to answer both the questions in the best way within 250 words. Do not miss out on any part of the question or else you will get a low band, even if you write an exceptionally good essay. 

IELTS compare and contrast essay

A compare and contrast type essay requires you to make distinctions between two items by listing their similarities and differences. There will be two items, they can be anything – event, element, or a situation where you need to compare and contrast between both the things. To do this essay, you need good analyzing and understanding skills. A compare and contrast essay is the best form of essay where you need to use your vocabulary, defining skills so that you can very beautifully underline and outline all the similarities and dissimilarities between two things in the question. For example, some people choose to live in homes, while others think apartments are preferable to houses. Compare and contrast the benefits and drawbacks of living in houses versus apartments. An applicant getting a 9 band in this type of essay can clearly state and analyze two situations or elements so that it is easy to underline how two things are contrasting one another. 

IELTS cause and solution essay

A cause and solution essay is very similar to a problem and solution essay. In a cause and solution essay, the causes of a certain situation or event need to be described along with all the solutions or precautions to avoid such problems. When you get a statement, you always need to analyze and interpret the statement to find the causes and then think of unique and competitive ideas that can stop those problems or prevent them. The applicants can also provide solutions along with precautions. Sometimes, it can be a three-part question, where you need to write all the three elements- problems, causes, and solutions of a particular event or thing. For instance – pollution has drastically increased with more and more people switching to personal vehicles. What are the other causes of pollution? Discuss the solutions to overcome the problem of pollution.

All in all, while deciding to go abroad or study abroad IELTS becomes one of the most pivotal factors. So one needs to understand clearly of what types of essays are there in IELTS. Hope the explanation would help you to prepare well.

Also Read:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You May Also Like

Useful Idioms for IELTS Speaking Test

IELTS (International English Language Testing System) is a standardized English Language proficiency test taken by non-native English-speaking candidates…

How to cancel IELTS Exam?

IELTS or International English Language Testing System is an international standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native…