Analyzing and explaining a pie chart is commonly asked in the IELTS (International English Language Training System) Writing Task 1. A pie chart is a circular graph where the data is visualized in a circle with various variables dividing the circle into segments. The size of each segment shows the proportion of that variable compared to others. The IELTS pie chart task has one or more charts to be analyzed and explained.
Sample: Pie Chart Task 1
These pie charts will help us answer the question, “What makes people most happy?”. There are two Pie Charts; one for people above 30 and one for people under 30. Each chart has the 5 major factors contributing to the happiness of people.
As evident from the charts above, some common things make both younger and older people happy. However, there are some striking differences as well which are discussed below.
Let us begin with the similarities. The noticeable similarity is the achievement at work. The chart shows that 31% of people under 30 years of age find happiness in achievement at work. 32% of people who are more than 30 years old find joy in achievement at work. People under 30 who become happy while indulging in hobbies are 22%, while people over 30 years who find happiness in hobbies are 24%. As the other factors are concerned, 14% of people under 30 become happy with this. 10% of the people over 30 find the most happiness in different aspects.
While we discuss the differences, 18% of people under 30 become happy if they have a good appearance. 15% of the same age group also find happiness in traveling. These two points are not mentioned for older people. Instead, 20% of people in the age group above 30 years find joy in financial security. 14% of them express happiness when they are with their family.
- Give an overview of the pie charts paraphrasing the chart title.
- Start from the largest proportioned segment and move to the smallest.
- Do a trend analysis when more than one pie chart is provided comparing the changes.
- Usage of specific pie chart terms such as – represents/denotes/signifies/comprise of
- Familiarize yourself with the model exercises and solutions.
A pie chart can be easily understood and explained using the tips and the sample answers. Test takers can also go through statistics vocabulary to describe pie charts in a better way.
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