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Unveiling the Truth About the Environment: IELTS Reading Passage With Questions & Answers

Updated on 09 February, 2024

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad abroad Editorial Team


The state of the environment is a topic of global concern and relevance. In the context of IELTS reading test preparation, understanding complex issues like environmental change is crucial. This passage will not only test your reading comprehension skills but also expand your knowledge on this critical subject.


The environment has become the forefront of many discussions, policies, and debates around the world. With the increasing awareness of climate change, deforestation, and biodiversity loss, it has never been more important to distinguish fact from fiction.

One of the most pressing concerns is the rising level of greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere, primarily attributed to human activities such as industrialization, deforestation, and the burning of fossil fuels. The impact of these activities has led to an increase in global temperatures, a phenomenon known as global warming, which is a significant driver of climate change.

Climate change, in turn, has resulted in more frequent and severe weather events such as hurricanes, droughts, and floods. These events not only cause immediate damage but also have long-term effects on agricultural productivity, water supply, and the natural ecosystems that rely on stable climate conditions.

The loss of biodiversity is another dire consequence of environmental neglect. With habitats disappearing at an alarming rate due to pollution, climate change, and human encroachment, countless species are at risk of extinction. This loss of biodiversity can disrupt ecosystems and the services they provide, which are essential for human survival.

Despite the challenges, there is a growing movement towards sustainability. Renewable energy sources like wind, solar, and hydro are becoming more prevalent, offering cleaner alternatives to fossil fuels. Conservation efforts are also gaining traction, with protected areas being established and restoration projects underway to preserve and recover endangered species and habitats.

Understanding the truth about the environment is crucial for making informed decisions and taking responsible actions. As the global community grapples with these environmental issues, it is essential to base our actions on scientific evidence and commit to sustainable practices.


Q1. What is the primary cause of the rising level of greenhouse gases?

A. Natural forest fires

B. Agricultural practices

C. Industrialization and the burning of fossil fuels

D. Increased solar activity

Q2. Fill in the blank: Climate change has resulted in more frequent and severe _______ events.

A. Weather

B. Political

C. Social

D. Economic

Q3. True or False: Global warming and climate change are synonymous terms.

A. True

B. False

Q4. What immediate and long-term effects are caused by severe weather events?

A. Decrease in tourism

B. Increased agricultural productivity

C. Damage to infrastructure and changes in ecosystems

D. Stabilization of climate conditions

Q5. Fill in the blank: The loss of biodiversity can disrupt ecosystems and the _______ they provide.

A. Diseases

B. Services

C. Pollutants

D. Profits

Q6. Which of the following is not a renewable energy source mentioned in the passage?

A. Wind

B. Solar

C. Coal

D. Hydro

Q7. True or False: Protected areas and restoration projects are efforts toward sustainability.

A. True

B. False

Q8. What is the main driver of biodiversity loss?

A. Space exploration

B. Habitat destruction

C. Pesticide use

D. Genetically modified organisms

Q9. Fill in the blank: Renewable energy sources are becoming more _______.

A. Expensive

B. Scarce

C. Prevalent

D. Ineffective

Q10. What is essential for making informed decisions about the environment?

A. Political beliefs

B. Economic incentives

C. Cultural practices

D. Scientific evidence

Answers with Explanations:

A1. C. Industrialization and the burning of fossil fuels

Explanation: The passage specifically names industrial activities, deforestation, and burning fossil fuels as the primary sources of increased greenhouse gases.

A2. A. Weather

Explanation: The passage directly states that climate change has led to more frequent and severe weather events.

A3. B. False

Explanation: Global warming refers to the rise in global temperatures, while climate change encompasses global warming and its wider effects, such as weather events.

A4. C. Damage to infrastructure and changes in ecosystems

Explanation: The text identifies immediate damage caused by weather events and long-term effects on agriculture, water supply, and ecosystems.

A5. B. Services

Explanation: Biodiversity loss is said to disrupt the services that ecosystems provide, essential for human survival.

A6. C. Coal

Explanation: Coal is a fossil fuel, not a renewable energy source, whereas wind, solar, and hydro are mentioned as cleaner, renewable alternatives.

A7. A. True

Explanation: The passage mentions protected areas and restoration projects as part of the movement towards sustainability.

A8. B. Habitat destruction

Explanation: Among the options provided, habitat destruction is directly cited as a cause for biodiversity loss due to pollution, climate change, and human encroachment.

A9. C. Prevalent

Explanation: The passage states that renewable energy sources are becoming more common, hence the term "prevalent."

A10. D. Scientific evidence

Explanation: In the context of addressing environmental issues, the passage emphasizes the importance of basing actions on scientific evidence.

5 Tips for Cracking the IELTS Reading Exam:

Tip 1: Understand the Context

Always consider the broader context of the passage before answering questions. This helps in understanding the nuances and implied meanings behind certain statements.

Tip 2: Don't Overlook Keywords

Keywords in the questions should be matched with those in the passage to find the right part of the text for your answer.

Tip 3: Practice Skimming and Scanning

Develop the skill to quickly skim through a passage for understanding and scan for specific information, which is critical under the time constraints of the exam.

Tip 4: Focus on Paraphrasing

IELTS often paraphrases the information in the question. Being able to recognize paraphrased information in the text is a valuable skill.

Tip 5: Watch Out for Traps

Beware of absolutes and extremes in true/false questions. Statements that seem too broad or too detailed may be traps. Always look for confirmation in the text.

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upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad abroad Editorial Team

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