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Unveiling the Secrets of the Rufous Hare Wallaby: IELTS Reading Passage With Questions & Answers

Updated on 09 February, 2024

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad abroad Editorial Team

Intro:

The Rufous Hare Wallaby, a small marsupial native to Australia, is a subject of both fascination and concern. Its declining numbers tell a story of environmental challenges and the urgent need for conservation efforts. Understanding the life and habits of this elusive creature not only broadens our knowledge but also equips us for sections of exams like the IELTS, where reading comprehension is key. The following passage explores the unique characteristics and the precarious existence of the Rufous Hare Wallaby.

Passage:

Amidst the vast arid landscapes of Australia thrives a creature of remarkable adaptability and elusive charm – the Rufous Hare Wallaby. Known scientifically as 'Lagorchestes hirsutus,' this diminutive marsupial once roamed in abundant numbers across the Australian outback. Standing no taller than 30 centimeters, the Rufous Hare Wallaby possesses a coat of reddish-brown fur, from which it derives its name.

Primarily nocturnal, these wallabies forage for food under the cloak of night, using their keen senses to avoid predators and navigate the rugged terrain. Their diet consists mainly of seeds, grasses, and occasionally, roots. Remarkable for their hopping speed and distance, they can leap several meters in a single bound, a skill that serves as their primary defense mechanism.

The reproductive cycle of the Rufous Hare Wallaby is particularly fascinating. Female wallabies can give birth to one joey at a time, which then continues to develop in the safety of its mother's pouch. The species exhibits a breeding adaptability known as embryonic diapause, allowing the mother to suspend the development of an embryo until conditions are favorable.

However, the tranquil existence of the Rufous Hare Wallaby is under threat. Habitat destruction, invasive species, and the ever-looming specter of climate change have resulted in a drastic reduction of their population, catapulting them into the category of 'endangered.' Conservationists are tirelessly working to reverse this trend, employing measures such as habitat restoration and feral predator control.

Understanding the plight of the Rufous Hare Wallaby is more than an ecological study; it is a clarion call to recognize the interconnectedness of life and the impact of human activity on the natural world.

Questions & Multiple Choice Options:

Q1. What is the scientific name of the Rufous Hare Wallaby?

A. Macropus rufus

B. Vombatus ursinus

C. Lagorchestes hirsutus

D. Thylacinus cynocephalus

Q2. How does the Rufous Hare Wallaby primarily defend itself?

A. Camouflage

B. Speed and jumping ability

C. Aggression

D. Climbing trees

Q3. What unique reproductive adaptation does the Rufous Hare Wallaby exhibit?

A. Viviparity

B. Oviparity

C. Embryonic diapause

D. Sporadic reproduction

Q4. What primarily constitutes the diet of the Rufous Hare Wallaby?

A. Insects

B. Seeds and grasses

C. Small mammals

D. Leaves

Q5. What factor is not contributing to the endangerment of the Rufous Hare Wallaby?

A. Habitat restoration

B. Habitat destruction

C. Invasive species

D. Climate change

Answers & Explanations:

A1. C. Lagorchestes hirsutus

The Rufous Hare Wallaby is scientifically recognized as 'Lagorchestes hirsutus,' which distinguishes it from other marsupials.

A2. B. Speed and jumping ability

The wallaby's primary defense against predators is its remarkable ability to leap great distances at considerable speed.

A3. C. Embryonic diapause

The species can suspend the development of an embryo, which is a reproductive strategy known as embryonic diapause.

A4. B. Seeds and grasses

The diet of the Rufous Hare Wallaby mainly consists of seeds and grasses, supplemented occasionally by roots.

A5. A. Habitat restoration

Habitat restoration is a conservation effort, not a contributing factor to their endangered status.

IELTS Reading Exam Tips:

Tip 1: Skim the passage first to get a general idea of the content and tone before diving into the questions.

Tip 2: Look for keywords in the questions that will help guide you to the relevant part of the passage for the answers.

Tip 3: Pay attention to detail, as many questions will require you to understand subtle distinctions in the text.

Tip 4: Practice time management by allocating a certain amount of time per question and sticking to it.

Tip 5: Enhance your vocabulary on a variety of subjects, as the IELTS reading passages can cover a wide range of topics.

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upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad abroad Editorial Team

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