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A Workaholic Economy: IELTS Reading Passage With Questions & Answers

Updated on 08 February, 2024

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad abroad Editorial Team

Introduction:

The scientific method is a systematic way of learning about the world around us and answering questions. It allows us to develop an understanding by proposing hypotheses, conducting experiments, and analyzing results. For IELTS aspirants, comprehending texts about the scientific method is both a common and valuable exercise, as it combines the acquisition of knowledge with the development of critical thinking skills.

Passage:

At the core of scientific discovery lies the scientific method, a disciplined, structured approach for the exploration of all things empirical. The method has several distinct steps: observation, hypothesis formulation, experimentation, and conclusion. This process begins with detailed observation, where patterns or anomalies that merit further study are noted. From these observations, a hypothesis or a series of hypotheses can be proposed. A hypothesis is essentially an educated guess, a prediction that provides a testable explanation for the observed phenomena.

Following the hypothesis, rigorous experiments are designed to test these predictions under controlled conditions. These experiments are often repeated multiple times to ensure the results are consistent and reliable. The data collected from these experiments is then analyzed. If the data align with the hypothesis, it is supported; if not, it may be refuted or require modification. A conclusion is drawn, encapsulating the findings of the research. This conclusion often leads to additional questions, prompting further study and thus continuing the cyclical nature of the scientific method.

This method, while seemingly linear, is actually more of an iterative process, allowing for adjustments and refinements based on new information and insights. It is this flexibility within a structured framework that has allowed the scientific method to endure as the cornerstone of scientific inquiry.

Questions & Multiple Choice Options:

Q1: What is the first step of the scientific method according to the passage?

A. Experimentation

B. Hypothesis formulation

C. Observation

D. Conclusion

Q2: What term is used to describe an 'educated guess' in the scientific method?

A. Data

B. Conclusion

C. Experiment

D. Hypothesis

Q3: True or False: The scientific method is a linear process with no room for adjustments.

True

False

Q4: How are experiments conducted to ensure reliability?

A. By repeating them under varying conditions

B. By repeating them multiple times under controlled conditions

C. By changing the hypothesis

D. By drawing a conclusion first

Q5: What happens if the data from an experiment does not support the hypothesis?

A. The hypothesis is supported

B. The hypothesis may be refuted or modified

C. A conclusion cannot be drawn

D. The scientific method is deemed ineffective

Q6: Fill in the blanks: A conclusion is drawn after the __________ of data from experiments.

(Answer option)

Q7: Fill in the blanks: Observations often lead to __________ that prompt further study.

(Answer option)

Q8: Multiple choice questions should be used to test __________.

A. Flexibility

B. Specific knowledge

C. Personal opinions

D. Creativity

Q9: True or False: The conclusion is always the final step of the scientific method.

True

False

Q10: Fill in the blanks: The scientific method begins with __________, where patterns or anomalies are __________.

(Answer options)

Answers & Explanations:

A1: C. Observation

Explanation: The passage clearly states that the scientific method begins with the observation step.

A2: D. Hypothesis

Explanation: An 'educated guess' in the scientific method is referred to as a hypothesis, which is proposed based on initial observations.

A3: False

Explanation: The passage describes the scientific method as an iterative process, not linear, indicating that there is room for adjustments and refinements.

A4: B. By repeating them multiple times under controlled conditions

Explanation: Consistency and reliability in experiments are achieved by repetition under controlled conditions.

A5: B. The hypothesis may be refuted or modified

Explanation: If experimental data do not support the hypothesis, it may either be refuted or require modification, leading to further testing and revision.

A6: Analysis

Explanation: The passage mentions that after the data are analyzed, a conclusion is drawn.

A7: Additional questions

Explanation: The conclusion encapsulates the findings and often leads to additional questions, indicating the cyclical nature of the scientific method.

A8: B. Specific knowledge

Explanation: Multiple-choice questions are an effective way to test specific knowledge, as they require the respondent to choose from provided options.

A9: False

Explanation: While a conclusion is drawn towards the end, the passage explains that this often leads to further questions and studies, meaning the process is cyclical and does not always end with the conclusion.

A10: Detailed observation, noted

Explanation: The passage begins by discussing how the scientific method starts with detailed observation of patterns or anomalies that are noted for further study.

IELTS Reading Exam Tips:

Tip 1: Skim the passage first to get a general understanding before answering the questions.

Tip 2: Look for keywords in the questions that will help you find the answers in the passage.

Tip 3: Practice reading passages on a variety of topics to broaden your vocabulary and reading comprehension skills.

Tip 4: Pay close attention to how the passage is organized, as this will often guide you to where specific information may be found.

Tip 5: Manage your time effectively; do not spend too long on any one question.

With these tips and a clear understanding of the structure and flow of the scientific method, IELTS test-takers can approach their reading passages with confidence, ready to extract and articulate the necessary information accurately.

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upGrad Abroad Team

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Disclaimer

The above tips are the Author's experiences. upGrad does not guarantee scores or admissions.