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The Power of Learning by Examples: IELTS Reading Passage With Questions & Answers

Updated on 08 February, 2024

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad abroad Editorial Team

Intro:

When it comes to the IELTS reading test, the ability to glean information and infer meaning from a passage is crucial. Learning by examples is a powerful educational tool, as real-world applications often solidify abstract concepts. This passage will explore how example-based learning impacts knowledge retention and understanding.

Passage:

Learning by examples is an educational cornerstone that transcends traditional rote memorization techniques. This method, known as exemplar learning, posits that examples help to illustrate complex ideas, making them more accessible and understandable to learners. For instance, in the field of mathematics, rather than only focusing on abstract equations, applying these formulas to solve real-world problems can significantly enhance comprehension.

The theory behind exemplary learning is grounded in cognitive psychology, which suggests that the human brain is wired to recognize patterns. When a learner sees multiple instances of how a concept is applied, they begin to understand the underlying principles that govern it. For example, in language learning, exposure to various sentence structures in different contexts allows students to grasp grammatical rules more intuitively.

Furthermore, learning by examples provides an avenue for critical thinking and analysis. Students are not simply absorbing information; they are actively engaging with the material, questioning it, and applying it to different scenarios. This active engagement is a crucial step in developing higher-order thinking skills that are vital in academic pursuits and problem-solving in daily life.

However, this approach also has its challenges. Learners may become overly reliant on examples and struggle to apply principles in novel situations. Therefore, educators must strike a balance between example-based learning and abstract thinking skills to foster versatile problem-solving abilities.

Questions:

Q1: What is the main idea of the passage?

A. The benefits of rote memorization

B. The challenges of cognitive psychology

C. The effectiveness of exemplar learning

D. The patterns of human brain recognition

Q2: According to the passage, why is learning by examples more effective than memorization?

A. It provides real-world applications

B. It is easier to memorize

C. It is less time-consuming

D. It encourages passive engagement

Q3: Fill in the blank: Exemplar learning posits that examples help to illustrate complex ideas, making them more __________.

A. Challenging

B. Accessible

C. Abstract

D. General

Q4: True or False: The passage suggests that learning by examples prevents critical thinking.

Q5: What does cognitive psychology suggest about the human brain and patterns?

A. The brain avoids recognizing patterns

B. Patterns confuse the brain

C. The brain is wired to recognize patterns

D. The brain is not involved in pattern recognition

Q6: Fill in the blank: Exposure to various sentence structures allows students to grasp grammatical rules more __________.

A. Rigorously

B. Intuitively

C. Slowly

D. Formally

Q7: What is a potential challenge of learning by examples mentioned in the passage?

A. It hinders comprehension

B. It can lead to over-reliance on examples

C. It does not involve critical thinking

D. It is not applicable in real-life situations

Q8: True or False: The passage implies that example-based learning should be the only method used in education.

Q9: How does example-based learning contribute to higher-order thinking skills?

A. By encouraging rote memorization

B. By fostering active engagement with material

C. By focusing on abstract equations

D. By applying a single method of learning

Q10: Fill in the blank: Educators must balance example-based learning with abstract thinking skills to foster __________ problem-solving abilities.

A. Limited

B. Versatile

C. Memorized

D. Simplified

Answers & Explanations:

A1: C. The effectiveness of exemplar learning

Explanation: The passage discusses how exemplar learning makes complex ideas more accessible and enhances comprehension, indicating its effectiveness.

A2: A. It provides real-world applications

Explanation: The passage states that applying formulas to solve real-world problems can enhance understanding, which is a real-world application.

A3: B. Accessible

Explanation: The passage specifically mentions that examples make complex ideas more accessible to learners.

A4: False

Explanation: The passage actually states that learning by examples promotes critical thinking and analysis.

A5: C. The brain is wired to recognize patterns

Explanation: Cognitive psychology is cited in the passage as suggesting that pattern recognition is a natural function of the human brain.

A6: B. Intuitively

Explanation: Language learning through varied sentence structures in different contexts allows students to intuitively understand grammatical rules, as per the passage.

A7: B. It can lead to over-reliance on examples

Explanation: The passage cautions that learners may become overly reliant on examples, indicating it as a potential challenge.

A8: False

Explanation: The passage suggests that while example-based learning is effective, it should be balanced with abstract thinking skills.

A9: B. By fostering active engagement with material

Explanation: The passage mentions that active engagement with material is a step in developing higher-order thinking skills.

A10: B. Versatile

Explanation: The passage concludes by emphasizing the need for educators to foster versatile problem-solving abilities through a balanced approach.

IELTS Reading Tips:

Tip 1: Always identify the main idea of each paragraph to improve comprehension and answer questions accurately.

Tip 2: Look for synonyms and paraphrases within the questions and answers. IELTS often rephrases information from the passage.

Tip 3: Practice skimming and scanning techniques to find information quickly without reading every word.

Tip 4: Enhance your vocabulary to better understand the context of the questions and passages.

Tip 5: Develop the habit of reading a wide range of topics to improve speed, vocabulary, and general comprehension skills.

By incorporating these tips into your IELTS reading test preparation and thoroughly engaging with practice passages, you can develop the skills necessary to perform with excellence.

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upGrad Abroad Team

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