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Impact of Global Warming on New Zealand: IELTS Reading Passage With Questions & Answers

Updated on 09 February, 2024

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad abroad Editorial Team

Introduction:

Global warming is a pressing issue that has garnered international attention, affecting countries worldwide, including New Zealand. This passage delves into the specific impacts of global warming on New Zealand's diverse ecosystems and its people. As IELTS candidates, understanding and analyzing such texts is crucial for the Reading section, which tests comprehension, analytical abilities, and vocabulary.

Passage:

New Zealand, known for its stunning landscapes and rich biodiversity, faces significant environmental challenges due to global warming. Rising temperatures have led to a noticeable increase in the frequency of extreme weather events. Glaciers, iconic symbols of the country's natural heritage, are retreating at alarming rates, directly impacting freshwater reserves.

The agricultural sector, a cornerstone of New Zealand’s economy, confronts unprecedented risks. Altered precipitation patterns have resulted in both droughts and floods, disrupting crop production and livestock management. The marine life surrounding the island nation is not immune to these changes either. Ocean acidification, a direct consequence of increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, threatens the survival of many marine species, particularly those with calcium carbonate shells.

New Zealand's government and scientific community are actively seeking solutions to mitigate these effects. Strategies range from investing in renewable energy to implementing conservation efforts aimed at protecting the country’s unique flora and fauna.

Questions & Multiple Choice Options:

Q1. What has been the direct impact of rising temperatures on New Zealand’s glaciers?

A. They have grown larger

B. They are retreating

C. They have no change

D. They are unaffected by temperature

Q2. How does global warming affect New Zealand’s agriculture?

A. Improved crop production

B. More consistent rainfall

C. Disruption due to altered precipitation

D. Decreased livestock prices

Q3. Fill in the blank: Ocean acidification is a result of increased _________ in the atmosphere.

A. Oxygen

B. Nitrogen

C. Carbon dioxide

D. Hydrogen

Q4. True or False: New Zealand’s economy does not rely heavily on the agricultural sector.

Q5. What is New Zealand's response to the challenges posed by global warming?

A. Ignoring the issues

B. Seeking active solutions

C. Decreasing funding for science

D. Relying on international help

Q6. True or False: Marine life in New Zealand is unaffected by global warming.

Q7. Fill in the blank: Strategies to combat global warming in New Zealand include investing in _________.

A. Coal

B. Renewable energy

C. Deforestation

D. Fossil fuels

Q8. Multiple Choice: What is a significant consequence of altered precipitation patterns?

A. More outdoor sports

B. Increased tourism

C. Disrupted crop production

D. Better soil quality

Q9. Fill in the blank: The retreat of glaciers has a direct impact on New Zealand's _________ reserves.

A. Oil

B. Natural gas

C. Freshwater

D. Geothermal

Q10. True or False: The New Zealand government is investing in conservation efforts to protect the country's unique biodiversity.

Answers & Explanations:

A1. B. They are retreating

Explanation: The passage specifies that glaciers in New Zealand are retreating due to rising temperatures, which is a clear indicator of the effects of global warming.

A2. C. Disruption due to altered precipitation

Explanation: Altered precipitation patterns leading to droughts and floods pose a risk to agriculture, disrupting the production and management of crops and livestock.

A3. C. Carbon dioxide

Explanation: Ocean acidification is caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, leading to higher acid levels in the ocean.

A4. False

Explanation: The passage indicates that agriculture is a cornerstone of New Zealand’s economy, implying its heavy reliance on this sector.

A5. B. Seeking active solutions

Explanation: New Zealand's government and scientific community's active search for solutions demonstrates their proactive approach to addressing global warming.

A6. False

Explanation: The passage clearly states that ocean acidification threatens the survival of many marine species, indicating that marine life is indeed affected by global warming.

A7. B. Renewable energy

Explanation: The text mentions that part of New Zealand's strategy to mitigate global warming includes investing in renewable energy.

A8. C. Disrupted crop production

Explanation: The passage mentions that altered precipitation patterns have resulted in disruptions to crop production, highlighting the consequences of changing weather patterns.

A9. C. Freshwater

Explanation: The retreat of glaciers, which are a source of freshwater, directly affects the availability of freshwater reserves in New Zealand.

A10. True

Explanation: Conservation efforts are part of New Zealand's response to global warming, aiming to protect the country's unique biodiversity.

Tips for Cracking the IELTS Reading Exam:

Tip 1: Skim for the Main Idea

Begin by quickly skimming the passage to grasp the central theme before diving into the questions.

Tip 2: Understand Question Types

Familiarize yourself with different question types, such as multiple-choice, fill-in-the-blanks, and true/false, to strategize your approach.

Tip 3: Use Paragraphs as Signposts

Each paragraph typically contains one main idea. Use this to your advantage when locating information.

Tip 4: Manage Your Time

Allocate your time wisely, spending more on passages that you find challenging and less on those you comprehend quickly.

Tip 5: Practice Active Reading

Engage with the text as you read. Underline key terms, note synonyms, and annotate the margins with brief summaries to aid recall and understanding.

By adhering to these tips and strategies, IELTS candidates can enhance their reading skills, improve comprehension, and increase their chances of a high band score in the reading section.

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Disclaimer

The above tips are the Author's experiences. upGrad does not guarantee scores or admissions.