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Walking with Dinosaurs: IELTS Reading Passage With Questions & Answers

Updated on 08 February, 2024

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad abroad Editorial Team

Introduction:

Embarking on an IELTS reading journey requires not only an understanding of the text but also the ability to navigate through complex information efficiently. The passage below is crafted to enhance reading skills, focusing on the enthralling era of dinosaurs. It is designed to challenge comprehension while providing insights into these magnificent creatures that once roamed our planet.

Passage:

In a time long before the advent of human civilization, the Earth was dominated by dinosaurs. These magnificent creatures came in an astonishing variety of forms, ranging from the towering Brachiosaurus to the fearsome Tyrannosaurus Rex. The Mesozoic Era, often termed the Age of Dinosaurs, spans approximately 180 million years, divided into three periods: Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous.

Dinosaurs were incredibly diverse, adapted to environments ranging from arid deserts to dense forests. Their diets varied as widely as their habitats, with some species grazing on the abundant vegetation while others were adept predators. The evolution of dinosaurs led to some unique biological features, such as the development of feathers in some theropods, which is believed to be a characteristic that links them to modern birds.

Paleontologists have pieced together the lives of dinosaurs through the study of fossils, which are preserved remains or impressions left in rock. Fossilization requires specific conditions, such as rapid burial and the presence of sediments that protect the remains from decay. The discovery of fossils has not only provided a glimpse into the morphology of these creatures but also their behaviors, including social interaction and nesting practices.

The extinction of dinosaurs remains one of the greatest mysteries of science. While several theories exist, the most widely accepted is the asteroid impact hypothesis, suggesting that a massive collision with Earth led to environmental changes that were too rapid and extreme for dinosaurs to adapt and survive.

Questions & Answers:

Q1: What period is often referred to as the Age of Dinosaurs?

A) Paleozoic

B) Mesozoic

C) Cenozoic

D) Neozoic

A1: B) Mesozoic

Explanation: The passage explicitly mentions that the Mesozoic Era is known as the Age of Dinosaurs.

Q2: Fill in the blank: Dinosaurs were diverse and adapted to environments ranging from arid deserts to _______ forests.

A2: dense

Explanation: The passage describes dinosaurs living in "dense forests" as part of their diverse range of habitats.

Q3: True or False: All dinosaurs were carnivorous and had the same dietary habits.

A3: False

Explanation: The passage states that dinosaur diets varied widely, with some grazing on vegetation and others being predators, indicating diverse dietary habits.

Q4: Which biological feature links some dinosaurs to modern birds?

A) Scales

B) Gills

C) Feathers

D) Fur

A4: C) Feathers

Explanation: The passage notes that the development of feathers in some theropods is a characteristic that connects them to modern birds.

Q5: Fill in the blank: Fossilization requires specific conditions, such as rapid burial and the presence of _______ that protect the remains from decay.

A5: sediments

Explanation: The text provides this information directly when discussing the conditions necessary for fossilization.

Q6: What does the study of fossils tell us about dinosaurs?

A) Only their size

B) Only their diet

C) Only their color

D) Their morphology and behaviors

A6: D) Their morphology and behaviors

Explanation: The passage indicates that fossils have given us insights into both the physical form (morphology) and the behaviors of dinosaurs.

Q7: True or False: The extinction of dinosaurs is a well-understood event with a single accepted explanation.

A7: False

Explanation: The passage states that while there are several theories, the extinction event remains one of the greatest mysteries of science.

Q8: According to the passage, what led to the extinction of dinosaurs?

A) Climate change

B) Asteroid impact

C) Volcanic eruptions

D) Evolution of mammals

A8: B) Asteroid impact

Explanation: The passage points to the asteroid impact hypothesis as the most widely accepted theory for the extinction of dinosaurs.

Q9: Fill in the blank: The discovery of _______ has provided a glimpse into the morphology of dinosaurs.

A9: fossils

Explanation: The passage mentions that fossils have allowed us to understand the morphology of dinosaurs.

Q10: Which era is directly after the Age of Dinosaurs?

A) Paleozoic

B) Mesozoic

C) Cenozoic

D) Neozoic

A10: C) Cenozoic

Explanation: While not stated in the passage, a basic understanding of geological time periods places the Cenozoic after the Mesozoic, which is known as the Age of Dinosaurs.

Tips for Cracking the IELTS Reading Exam:

Tip 1: Always read the passage thoroughly before attempting to answer the questions, focusing on key details and concepts.

Tip 2: For multiple choice questions, eliminate options that are clearly incorrect to improve your chances of selecting the right answer.

Tip 3: Pay close attention to words that indicate false statements, such as "all," "never," or "only," which are often used in 'true or false' questions.

Tip 4: Practice skimming and scanning techniques to quickly locate information in the text that relates to the questions asked.

Tip 5: Familiarize yourself with common IELTS topics and vocabulary, as this can help you understand and answer questions more effectively.

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