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Save the Turtles - IELTS Reading Passage With Questions & Answers

Updated on 08 February, 2024

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad abroad Editorial Team


The plight of sea turtles, which have roamed the oceans for millions of years, has become a focal point for conservationists worldwide. As an IELTS learner, understanding complex global issues, such as wildlife conservation, not only broadens your knowledge but also equips you with critical reading skills. This passage explores the challenges faced by sea turtles and the conservation efforts to save them, providing a context-rich topic for IELTS reading practice.


The conservation of sea turtles presents a significant ecological concern, as these ancient mariners of the ocean face threats on multiple fronts. For centuries, sea turtles have been a vital part of marine ecosystems, maintaining healthy seagrass beds and coral reefs, and contributing to the complex oceanic food webs. However, their populations are declining at an alarming rate due to human activities.

Pollution, especially plastic waste, poses a grave danger to sea turtles. They often mistake floating plastic for food, leading to fatal blockages and injuries. Furthermore, climate change is altering their nesting sites, and illegal wildlife trade is depleting their numbers. The loss of these creatures could have cascading effects on the environment, highlighting the urgent need for global conservation efforts.

Rescue and rehabilitation programs, along with stricter enforcement of wildlife protection laws, are being implemented. Environmental organizations are also working towards public education and community involvement in conservation activities. Every individual action, from reducing plastic use to supporting turtle-friendly products, plays a part in this collective effort to save the turtles.

Questions & Multiple Choice Options:

Q1. What is the main focus of sea turtle conservation efforts?

A. Increasing their population for marine shows

B. Protecting their role in oceanic ecosystems

C. Using them for educational purposes

D. Studying their migratory patterns

Q2. Fill in the blank: Sea turtles help maintain healthy _______ and coral reefs.

A. Seagrass beds

B. Fishing areas

C. Ocean currents

D. Beaches

Q3. True or False: Plastic waste is beneficial for the health of sea turtles.

A. True

B. False

Q4. What human activity is NOT mentioned as a threat to sea turtles in the passage?

A. Pollution

B. Climate change

C. Conservation programs

D. Illegal wildlife trade

Q5. Which of the following is NOT a measure being taken to protect sea turtles?

A. Rescue and rehabilitation programs

B. Implementation of stricter wildlife laws

C. Public education and community involvement

D. Promotion of plastic usage in oceans

Q6. What do sea turtles often mistake for food, leading to harmful consequences?

A. Seaweed

B. Small fish

C. Plastic waste

D. Coral fragments

Q7. True or False: The loss of sea turtles has no significant effect on the environment.

A. True

B. False

Q8. Fill in the blank: _______ change is a major factor affecting sea turtle nesting sites.

A. Urban

B. Climate

C. Seasonal

D. Cultural

Q9. What is the ultimate goal of involving communities in sea turtle conservation?

A. To provide employment

B. To create new laws

C. To enhance local tourism

D. To foster collective conservation efforts

Q10. True or False: Supporting turtle-friendly products can contribute to sea turtle conservation.

A. True

B. False

Answers & Explanations:

A1. B. Protecting their role in oceanic ecosystems

Explanation: The passage indicates that the decline in sea turtle populations affects marine ecosystems, which conservation efforts aim to protect.

A2. A. Seagrass beds

Explanation: The passage mentions that sea turtles are crucial for maintaining healthy seagrass beds and coral reefs.

A3. B. False

Explanation: The passage clearly states that plastic waste is a danger to sea turtles, often leading to fatal consequences.

A4. C. Conservation programs

Explanation: Conservation programs are designed to protect sea turtles, not to threaten them, as indicated in the passage.

A5. D. Promotion of plastic usage in oceans

Explanation: The passage suggests that reducing plastic use is part of conservation efforts, not promoting it.

A6. C. Plastic waste

Explanation: It is mentioned that sea turtles mistake plastic waste for food, which can cause injury or death.

A7. B. False

Explanation: The passage warns of cascading environmental effects due to the loss of sea turtles, indicating their ecological importance.

A8. B. Climate

Explanation: Climate change is identified as a factor altering nesting sites for sea turtles.

A9. D. To foster collective conservation efforts

Explanation: Involving communities is a part of a broader strategy for conservation, which is a collective effort, as per the passage.

A10. A. True

Explanation: The passage encourages individual actions such as supporting turtle-friendly products to aid conservation.

Tips for Cracking the IELTS Reading Exam:

Tip 1: Focus on keywords in the passage that relate to the questions, such as "conservation," "threats," and "measures."

Tip 2: Understand the main idea of each paragraph, which will help you locate the answers more quickly.

Tip 3: Practice skimming and scanning techniques to improve your speed and efficiency in finding information.

Tip 4: Be cautious with True/False/Not Given questions – ensure that the information is explicitly stated in the passage.

Tip 5: For fill-in-the-blank questions, use the context around the blank to infer the correct answer, and be aware of the part of speech needed (noun, verb, adjective, etc.).

By employing these strategies and understanding the intricacies of the topic, you will enhance your ability to answer questions accurately and effectively in the IELTS reading section.

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upGrad Abroad Team

upGrad abroad Editorial Team

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