There are numerous course options to study in the USA for Indian students after 12th. It is one of the most coveted destinations for studying abroad in the world. The academic framework in the United States requires students to study for 4 years to earn a bachelor’s degree. This is to ensure that students venturing into the undergraduate program have an all-round understanding and knowledge of a range of disciplines and subjects. Indian students make up the second biggest group of international students in the US. According to reports, their count stood at 2,02,014 as of 2018-2019. The US has more than 5,300 leading institutions along with 2,000+ other institutions awarding bachelor’s degrees across multiple streams and course structures.
Read More: Settle in USA from India
Course Structure for studying in the USA for Indian students after 12th
There are plenty of options to choose from. Those willing to study in the USA after 12th can complete undergraduate courses in either 2 or 4 years. Both these structures have their differences. Some community colleges also grant tuition fee waivers for international students, but registration costs have to be paid. Students can choose the 2 or 4-year UG programs based on their requirements. It depends on affordability as well. Those with financial constraints may consider pursuing an undergraduate degree in a community college and then transfer credits to a 4-year program.
It is different from the undergraduate course structure in Indian and UK universities, where honors courses offer an in-depth education in specific subjects. Universities in the US award bachelor’s degrees only after completing 4 years of studies. The first two years are mostly called the freshman and sophomore years. They require students to cover a wider base of subjects without emphasizing any discipline. Students can then select their majors in the last couple of years, commonly called the junior and senior years. These include subjects that they are interested in and wish to pursue further for academic and professional purposes. Students may change majors as per their preferences.
Courses in the USA after 12th in commerce, science, and arts streams
When it comes to studying in the USA for Indian students after 12th, aspirants can pick from a variety of options in commerce, science, and arts. Some of the popular options include math and computer sciences, physical & life sciences, and more. Other preferred options include social sciences, fine & applied arts, business & management, health, humanities, and intensive English.
Here’s a closer look at some of the courses offered under various streams:
1. Bachelor of Biology
2. BSc in Physics
3. BSc in Biological Chemistry
4. BSc in Chemistry
5. BSc in Applied Physics
1. BSc in Mechanical Engineering
2. BSc in Electrical Engineering
3. Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering
4. BSc in Structural Engineering
5. BSc in Metallurgical Engineering
1. Bachelor of Medicine
2. Bachelor of Surgery
Economics & Finance
1. Bachelor in Economics
2. Bachelor in Accounting
3. BBA in Accounting
4. BSc in Accounting
5. Bachelor of Arts in Accounting
1. Bachelor of Computer Applications
Read More: Cost of Studying in USA
Costs of Studying in the USA after 12th
The average expenditure of a 4-year undergraduate degree in the US will be roughly around $25,000 (Rs 19 lakh) for public universities and $35,000 (Rs 26 lakh) for private universities. The cost may vary, depending upon the college, location, and certain other factors. It is best to check the university website for more details.
If you are pursuing a flexible educational program with upGrad Abroad, you can get cost savings of Rs 60 lakh in comparison with regular degree programs in the United States. The first two years include studying online at Chandigarh University while in the next couple of years students will complete their course on-campus at Northern Arizona University.
Top Ranked Universities for Undergraduate Courses in the US
Several top-rated universities offer undergraduate courses in the United States. Many of these universities are highly ranked in the list of the top 10 QS World University Rankings 2020. Here are some of the top names in this sphere:
1. MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) – Ranked 1 in QS World University Rankings 2020 with $54,000 (Rs 40 lakh) in average yearly tuition fees for UG courses.
2. Harvard University- Ranked at 3 in QS World University Rankings 2020 with tuition fees for UG courses at $48,000 (Rs 35 lakh) yearly.
3. Stanford University- Ranked at 2 in the QS World University Rankings 2020, yearly tuition fees hover around $51,000 (Rs 38 lakh).
4. California Institute of Technology (Caltech) – Ranked at 5 in the QS World University Rankings 2020, it has yearly tuition charges of $54,000 (Rs 40 lakh).
5. The University of Chicago- Ranked at 10 in the QS World University Rankings 2020 list, it has yearly tuition charges of $59,000 (Rs 44 lakh).
6. Princeton University- Ranked at number 13 in the QS World University Rankings 2020, yearly tuition fees hover at $52,000 (Rs 39 lakh) here.
7. Yale University- Ranked at 17 in the list of QS World University Rankings 2020, yearly tuition fees stand at $53,430 (Rs 40 lakh).
8. Cornell University- Ranked at number 14 in the QS World University Rankings 2020, yearly tuition fees stand at $37,880-56,550 (Rs 28-41 lakh) here.
9. University of Pennsylvania- It is ranked at 15 in the QS World University Rankings 2020 and yearly tuition fees stand at $55,584 (Rs 41 lakh).
10. Columbia University- Ranked at number 18 in the QS World University Rankings 2020 list, yearly tuition fees stand at around $57,000 (Rs 42 lakh) here.
Read More: Requirements for studying in USA
Admission Requirements for US Universities/Colleges
1. ACT/SAT scores
2. Acceptance letter from SEVP approved institution
3. IELTS/TOEFL scores
4. Should have completed 10+2 or 16 years of formal education
5. Certificates of Achievements and Extracurricular Participation Proof
6. LOR (Letter of Recommendation) from at least 1 faculty member in previous school/college
7. Proof of funds
8. SOP (statement of purpose) or essay as stated in the admission form
9. Valid passport
Types of Student Visas
Students seeking education opportunities in the US may choose between numerous colleges, courses, and universities. For enabling easier access, the Government has flexible visa options.
1. F-1 – Needed for studying at any accredited US college or studying English at any English language institute.
2. M (Student) – For vocational/non-academic studying or training in the country.
3. J (Exchange Visa) – For participating in exchange programs at high school and university.
Part-time employment opportunities in the US
American universities emphasize a culture of hard work and self-sufficiency. Students are encouraged to pursue part-time work opportunities while studying. Part-time work is still subjected to specific regulations which should be followed carefully.
1. Holders of F-1 visas may work up to 20 hours every week while on campus. Job opportunities will only be offered with a valid F-1 visa.
2. During breaks and holidays, students can work up to 40 hours every week.
3. Off-campus jobs may be applied for after completing a single academic year and with permission of the Designated School Official (DSO).
4. Those pursuing full-time courses and are holders of F-1 visas may choose Optional Practical Training (OPT) after completing their courses. Under this system, they may stay for 12 months after completing their studies in the US and work in their fields of study as well.
5. After-study work visa options are also offered for international students pursuing education at American universities.
There are numerous scholarship opportunities that Indian students may also avail to reduce the financial burden. Students should keep an eye out for specific scholarships offered by their universities and also the government.