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Jobs in Philosophy: What Can You Do With Degree in Philosophy

Updated on 08 November, 2023

Pragya Sharma

Pragya Sharma

Sr. Content Editor

Did you know that the famous physicist Albert Einstein was deeply influenced by philosophy? He credited his philosophical studies as instrumental in shaping his scientific thinking and approach to problem-solving. Philosophy, derived from the Greek words "philos," meaning love, and "sophia," meaning wisdom, is the study of fundamental truths about ourselves, our relationships, and the world we live in. While some may think of it as an abstract and esoteric field and question the practicality of studying philosophy, this major offers valuable life skills, which are also integral for fulfilling jobs in philosophy, and earn lucrative salaries in diverse fields requiring the application of philosophical concepts & theories. 

Why Choose a Career in Philosophy

If you are among the ones contemplating a career in Philosophy, here are some reasons why you should definitely consider it. 

Develop Critical Thinking Skills

Philosophy cultivates critical thinking skills, enables individuals to understand issues from multiple perspectives and find creative solutions to problems. This ability is invaluable in any job, as it comprehensively analyzes complex situations and the formulation of well-reasoned arguments.

Enhance Analytical Abilities

Philosophy requires rigorous analytical thinking. Philosophers learn to analyze information carefully, evaluate arguments and make informed decisions. It is essential for data analysis, problem-solving, and decision-making.

Acquire Strong Communication Skills

Philosophy graduates develop excellent communication skills through rigorous reading, research, and writing assignments. They learn to convey complex ideas effectively, engage in debates, and present logical and persuasive arguments. These communication skills are valuable for all major professions, like law, journalism, and business.

Cultivate Ethical and Moral Reasoning

Philosophy delves into ethical and moral dilemmas, compelling individuals to grapple with profound questions about right and wrong. This exploration fosters a robust ethical foundation and the ability to navigate complex ethical issues in healthcare, law, and business.

Become a Well-rounded Thinker

Philosophy experts broadly understand diverse topics, from the nature of reality to the essence of human existence. This interdisciplinary approach equips individuals to think critically and engage in meaningful discussions on various subjects and valuable assets in an intellectual or creative environment.

Promising Philosophy Jobs and Growth Opportunities

Graduates have abundant career options in philosophy and enjoy rewarding financial prospects. According to the Wall Street Journal, philosophy majors experience a significant increase in salaries throughout their careers. Philosophy graduates earn 103% more from beginning to mid-career. It demonstrates employers' value in the organization.

Philosophy Specializations: Exploring Branches of Wisdom

The subject encompasses diverse philosophical scopes, also known as branches of philosophy. Each branch focuses on different aspects of human existence, knowledge, and reality. 


Metaphysics explores the fundamental nature of reality, including the concepts of existence, identity, causality, and time. It delves into the nature of being and the ultimate nature of reality.


Epistemology examines the nature of knowledge and how we acquire it. It explores the nature of truth, the limits of knowledge, and the methods of reasoning and justification questions.


Ethics concerns moral principles and the study of right and wrong conduct. It investigates ethical theories, moral reasoning, and applying ethical principles to personal and societal dilemmas.


Logic focuses on the study of reasoning and argumentation. It examines the principles of valid reasoning, logical fallacies, and the construction of sound arguments.


Aesthetics explores the nature of beauty, art, and the aesthetic experience. It dives into questions of artistic expression, taste, and the nature of aesthetic judgments.

Political Philosophy

Political philosophy examines governance, justice, and power distribution in society. It covers political systems, individual rights, and the role of state theories.

Philosophy of Mind

The philosophy of mind investigates the nature of consciousness, mental processes, and the relationship between the mind and the body. It probes questions of perception, cognition, and the nature of subjective experience.

Philosophy of Science

It covers the nature of scientific knowledge, the methods of scientific inquiry, the relationship between science and other areas, and assumptions underlying scientific theories and their implications.

Top Career Options in Philosophy

Studying philosophy can open the doors to some of the most fruitful careers. Here’s a look at some of the top career options in Philosophy. 


A philosophy degree provides a solid foundation for a legal career. The analytical and logical thinking skills developed in philosophy studies are highly applicable in legal research, argumentation, and case analysis. Many law schools value philosophy graduates' ability to think critically and analyze complex legal issues.

 Responsibilities in a legal career:

  • Perform legal research and analysis to support cases
  • Draft legal contracts and briefs
  • Present arguments and advocate for clients in court
  • Negotiate settlements and agreements
  • Provide legal advice and guidance to clients


2. Business and Consulting

Philosophy graduates bring valuable critical thinking, problem-solving, and ethical reasoning skills to business. They are adept at analyzing complex situations, understanding different perspectives, and making sound decisions. 

 Responsibilities in business and consulting firm:

  • Conduct market research and analysis
  • Develop strategic plans and recommendations
  • Facilitate problem-solving workshops
  • Analyze business processes and identify areas for improvement
  • Provide ethical guidance and ensure compliance with regulations


3. Academia and Teaching

For those passionate about philosophy and sharing their knowledge with others, academia is a fulfilling career path. Philosophy graduates can pursue advanced degrees and become professors to teach philosophy at universities and colleges. They also inspire and educate students at the secondary school level. 

Responsibilities in academia and teaching:

  • Lead research and publish scholarly articles
  • Design and deliver lectures and seminars
  • Advise and mentor students
  • Develop curriculum and course materials
  • Evaluate student performance and provide feedback


4. Journalism and Writing

Philosophy graduates possess strong communication skills and the ability to analyze complex ideas. These skills assist professionals to write thought-provoking articles, edit complex philosophical texts and refine their ability to convey complex ideas clearly and concisely to a broader audience. 

Responsibilities in journalism and writing:

  • Research and analyzing topics of interest
  • Conduct interviews and gather information
  • Write articles, opinion pieces, and editorials
  • Edit and proofread content
  • Present information in a concise and engaging manner 

5. Non-Profit and Advocacy Work

Philosophy students have a strong sense of social justice and a desire to make a positive impact. They can find fulfilling careers in nonprofit organizations and advocacy groups, where they contribute to meaningful causes and promote societal change.

 Responsibilities in non-profit and advocacy work:

  • Develop and implement advocacy campaigns
  • Conduct research and create reports on social issues
  • Fundraise and grant writing
  • Organize events and initiatives
  • Collaborate with stakeholders and community members 

6. Government and Public Policy

A philosophy background equips individuals with the skills needed to understand complex social and political issues, analyze policies and contribute to developing effective solutions. Philosophy students can pursue careers in government, private agencies, or policy research organizations. 

Responsibilities in government and public policy:

  • Analyze policies and their implications
  • Conduct research and provide recommendations
  • Draft policy proposals and reports
  • Collaborate with stakeholders and policymakers
  • Monitor and evaluate policy outcomes 

Top Recruiters for Philosophy 

Philosophy has diverse applications and is one of the most in-demand careers. The following are some of the top recruiters of philosophy graduates worldwide. 

McKinsey & Company

McKinsey & Company, a global management consulting firm, values the critical thinking and problem-solving skills that philosophy graduates possess. 

In 2023, the average salary for entry-level consultants is projected to be $90,267 - $1,48,346.


Known for its commitment to innovation and critical thinking, Google actively seeks philosophy graduates for various roles within the company. Philosophy majors contribute to Google's diverse workforce and bring unique perspectives and problem-solving skills to the tech giant.

The average salary for an entry-level Google research scientist is around $1,08,785 - $1,74,301 in 2023

Goldman Sachs

Goldman Sachs, a leading investment banking firm, recognizes the value that philosophy graduates bring to the table. They appreciate the analytical and logical reasoning skills to analyze complex financial issues and think strategically.

In 2023, the average salary for a beginner research analyst is projected to be $68,215 - $1,02,033.

United Nations

The United Nations offers opportunities for philosophy graduates to contribute to global issues and promote peace and justice. In 2023, the average salary for entry-level United Nations economists is around $60,256 - $1,08,637 yearly.

The New York Times

The New York Times values individuals who can think critically, write persuasively, and analyze complex issues. Philosophy graduates have exceptional communication skills, data analysis, and analytical thinking, making them a great fit for journalism roles.

The average salary for an entry-level marketing manager in The New York Times ranges from $82,750 to $1,21,941.

Top Jobs in Philosophy and Salaries

Based on the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2021, the $77,610 median philosophy jobs salary is bolstered by a 5-7% projected employment growth from 2019 to 2029. This indicates a positive job market outlook for philosophy graduates in the coming years. The following table depicts Philosophy jobs salary based on the most in-demand professions.


Average Annual Salary





Marketing Consultant


Research Consultant




Healthcare administrators






*per Indeed (as of June 2023)


A degree in philosophy is highly valued in today's job market. The critical thinking, analytical, and communication skills nurtured by studying philosophy open doors to top philosophy job opportunities. If you are passionate about exploring life's biggest questions and want to make a meaningful impact, consider a career in philosophy. It is a pathway to a fulfilling career and a life of intellectual growth.

Pragya Sharma

Sr. Content Editor

Pragya Sharma is a content developer and marketer with 6.5+ years of experience in the education industry. She started her career as a social media copywriter for NIELIT, Ministry of Electronics & IT, and has now scaled up as a 360-degree content professional well-versed with the intricacies of digital marketing and different forms of content used to drive and hook the target audience. She is also a co-author of 2 stories in an anthology based on the theme- women empowerment.

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