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What is Construction

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Construction is the systematic process of creating infrastructure, buildings, and facilities. It involves planning, designing, financing, and executing projects, encompassing various disciplines such as civil engineering, architecture, and project management. Construction projects range from residential homes to massive commercial complexes, bridges, and other vital structures shaping our urban environments. Construction is the process of building, repairing, improving, or demolishing a structure. It can also refer to the building trade itself.

Construction projects can be categorised into three broad categories: 

  • Buildings and houses
  • Public works
  • Industrial projects

There are six types of construction projects: 

  • Residential, Commercial, Institutional, Mixed-use, Industrial, Heavy civil. 
  • Construction is an important sector that contributes to a nation's economic growth. Governments contract with the construction industry to develop infrastructure related to health, transport, and education. 
  • The word construction comes from the Latin word contruere, which is made up of com-, meaning "together," and struere, meaning "to pile up". 

Basic Overview and Definition of Construction

Construction constitutes the art and science of bringing architectural visions to life. It incorporates the use of materials, technologies, and skilled labour to transform blueprints into tangible structures. Construction projects adhere to strict safety regulations, environmental considerations, and innovative building techniques, ensuring the creation of durable and functional spaces.

Popular Construction Courses  

Popular Construction Courses are- 

Bachelor's Level:

  1. Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering
    • Focuses on structural analysis, materials science, and construction project management.
  2. Bachelor of Architecture
    • Emphasises architectural design, construction technology, and sustainable building practices.

Master's Level:

  1. Master of Science in Construction Management
    • Advanced coursework in project scheduling, cost estimation, and construction law.
  2. Master of Engineering in Structural Engineering
    • Specialised studies in advanced structural analysis, seismic design, and construction materials.

Best Universities for Construction 

Selecting the right university is pivotal for aspiring construction professionals. Here are the top 10 universities worldwide for Construction, along with their popular courses:


Popular Courses

QS Subject-Wise Ranking

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)- MS in Civil and Environmental Engineering- MArch in Architecture#1
Stanford University- MS in Civil and Environmental Engineering- MS in Sustainable Design and Construction#8
University of California, Berkeley- MS in Structural Engineering, Mechanics, and Materials- MArch in Architecture#3
University of Cambridge- MPhil in Engineering for Sustainable Development- MPhil in Architecture and Urban Design#6
National University of Singapore (NUS)- MSc in Civil Engineering- MSc in Integrated Sustainable Design#2
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich)- MSc in Civil Engineering- MSc in Architecture and Building Sciences#7
University of Oxford- MSc in Sustainable Building- MSc in Structural Engineering#13
University of Tokyo- MEng in Civil Engineering- MEng in Architecture and Building Engineering#18
Imperial College London- MSc in Civil and Environmental Engineering- MSc in Advanced Structural Engineering#6
California Institute of Technology (Caltech)- MS in Civil Engineering- MS in Architectural Engineering#12


Here are some top construction management institutes in India: 

  • The RICS School of Built Environment (SBE), Amity University, Noida
  • Symbiosis Centre for Management and Human Resource Development (SCMHRD), Pune
  • Adani Institute of Infrastructure (AII), Gujarat
  • National Institute of Construction Management and Research

Here are some of the top construction management universities in the world: 

  • Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • Loughborough University
  • National University of Singapore

IIT Madras, NIT Patna, COEP Pune, and CIT Coimbatore are a few of India's best institutions for construction management education. The Bureau of Labour Statistics states that a bachelor's degree is often required for construction managers. Candidates with both construction expertise and a bachelor's degree in a discipline related to construction may be preferred by large construction firms.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the scope of construction?

The scope of Construction is vast, encompassing residential, commercial, industrial, and infrastructure projects. Construction professionals find employment in construction firms, architectural companies, government agencies, and international development organisations.

Is construction easy to study?

Construction demands a strong foundation in mathematics, physics, and engineering principles. While it requires dedication and practical skills, a passion for creating functional and aesthetically pleasing structures can make the learning process engaging. The difficulty of studying construction depends on the area of study. For example, a construction management degree requires more knowledge, hard work, and attention than a short-quality management course.  

Which Is the best country to pursue construction courses?

Countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Singapore offer excellent programs in Construction. The choice depends on personal preferences, language proficiency, and opportunities for practical experience.

Which subject Is best for construction?

A strong foundation in maths, physics, and chemistry is needed for construction. Additionally, engineering, architectural design, and project management courses give students the tools they need to succeed in the construction industry.

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