What is Mechanical Engineering? Top Universities, Courses & Prospects

What is mechanical engineering? The course has both undergraduate and postgraduate versions. The undergraduate course spans four years, while the postgraduate program usually lasts two years. What does a mechanical engineer do? They apply engineering concepts and methods to the production and design of various things. They use principles of force, energy, and motion to execute their designs while affordably ensuring their safety. The discipline works majorly on solving problems while also requiring interpersonal communication, managing conflicts, leadership, and networking skills. 


Why Pursue It? 

  • Huge demand for qualified mechanical engineers across industries.¬†
  • Practical and hands-on learning with industry visits and internships for gaining experience.¬†
  • Opportunities to improve communication, leadership, and conflict resolution skills.¬†
  • Scope of working at laboratories and workshops while using cutting-edge equipment and machines.¬†
  • Opportunities in research and academics.¬†


What to do after mechanical engineering? You can pursue academics with further research once you complete your master’s program. You can pursue a Ph.D. post that. You can also take up a job after you complete your degree. What to do after a diploma in mechanical engineering? You can get employment in various sectors or continue your education.¬†

Top study destinations for it

  • USA
  • UK
  • New Zealand¬†
  • Netherlands
  • Canada¬†

Top Universities for Mechanical Engineering 

Here are the top-ranked five universities in the world for mechanical engineering: 

Name Ranking Mechanical, Aeronautical & Manufacturing Engineering

 (QS 2022)

Country  Course Fees & Other Details
MIT 1  USA Bachelor of Science/Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering $79,850 per year
Stanford University 2 USA Bachelors/Masters in Mechanical Engineering $55,473 per year
University of Cambridge 3 UK Engineering with specialization in Mechanical Engineering £37,293 per year
Harvard University 4 USA Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering $51,143 per year
Delft University of Technology 5 Netherlands M.Sc in Mechanical Engineering 19,600 Euros per year 
University of California Berkeley 6 USA ME/MSE Joint Major, ME + Business and more $64,397
Nanyang Technological University 7 Singapore Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering S$45,000
ETH Zurich 8 Switzerland Bachelor Mechanical Engineering/Master Mechanical Engineering CHF 74 per semester
National University of Singapore 9 Singapore Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical Engineering) S$38,200 
Imperial College London 10 UK MEng Mechanical Engineering £37,900 per year

You can study B.Sc or BEng degrees at the undergraduate level and M.Sc or MEng at the master’s level. After that, you can pursue your Ph.D. course.¬†

General Eligibility for UG & PG

You should meet the eligibility criteria at various institutions worldwide. Here are some common pointers that you should keep in mind: 

  • You will require completion of 10+2 for undergraduate courses with science subjects. You should have completed your education at a recognized institution.¬†
  • You will require a B.Tech or BE course to pursue postgraduate courses in mechanical engineering. Institutions usually insist on a minimum GPA of 3.0 or any equivalent.¬†
  • You will have to showcase your English vocabulary proficiency through tests like the TOEFL or IELTS.¬†
  • You may have to submit GRE scores for admission into postgraduate programs at several universities.¬†
  • Statement of Purpose and Letters of Recommendation (LORs).¬†

General Course Structure across UG & PG 

What is taught in mechanical engineering? Here are some syllabus components at the undergraduate level: 

  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Computing
  • Physical Training¬†
  • Engineering Drawing
  • Electrical Sciences
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Mathematics¬†
  • Modern Biology
  • Basic Electronics Laboratory
  • Physics and Chemistry Laboratory
  • Physics Workshop
  • Solid Mechanicals
  • Machine Drawing
  • Thermodynamics
  • Manufacturing Technology
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Kinematics of Machinery
  • Applied Thermodynamics
  • Heat and Mass Transfer
  • Mechanical Measurements
  • Machine Design
  • Control Systems
  • Dynamics of Machinery
  • Electrical Machines
  • Mechanical Laboratory
  • Summer Training¬†
  • Industrial Engineering and Operation Research

You will be working in the laboratory or workshop, covering practical training, seminars, lectures, tutorials, and design classes. You will have to take examinations and deliver essays and project reports. 

Some courses also come with placement years for students. Most courses emphasize engineering concepts, thermodynamics, engineering mathematics, bioengineering, systems modeling, mechanics, structures, materials, and electrical and electronic systems. 

Careers and Annual Salary 

  • Mechanical Engineer Intern- $59,008 per year
  • Entry-Level Mechanical Engineer- $69,952 per year¬†
  • Mechanical Engineer- $83,714 per year¬†

The highest-paid mechanical engineers earned $114,380 in 2020, as per reports, while their median salaries stood at $90,160 for the year. 

Here are some company-wise salaries for mechanical engineers (approximate figures): 

  • Apple- $1,43,598 year¬†
  • Applied Materials- $1,29,623 per year¬†
  • Cyient- $76,550 per year
  • Schlumberger- $1,00,026 per year
  • Northrop Grumman- $93,124 per year
  • Lockheed Martin- $95,960 per year
  • Boeing- $98,940 per year¬†


What does a mechanical engineer do?

A mechanical engineer is responsible for designing and manufacturing machines that generate power and conduct various activities. These include gas and steam turbines, internal combustion engines, electric generators, and other systems like air conditioning and refrigeration. They also design machines like escalators or elevators. 

What are the seven types of mechanical engineering?

The seven types of mechanical engineering are usually regarded as aerospace, autonomous systems, acoustics, biotechnology, composites, automotive, automation, and CAD (computer-aided design). 

Is mechanical engineering a promising career?

Mechanical engineering is one of the best careers for those with an aptitude for the field. It leads to attractive employment opportunities in diverse segments like aerospace and production. Mechanical engineering comes with handsome salaries across global corporations and the public and private sectors. 

How difficult is mechanical engineering?

Mechanical engineering is one of the toughest programs for students. It has several technical aspects and other requirements. Learners should also opt for advanced science and mathematics programs within the aegis of their courses. 

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