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Top Career Options in the Biotechnology Industry in 2024-25

Updated on 08 November, 2023

Neha Uppal

Neha Uppal

Sr. Content editor

Biotechnology has been around since the beginning of civilization. It introduced the world to the science of fermentation and the domestication of animals. Now you know the reason for perfectly-risen bread and different breeds of the same species around. But biotechnology is more than just individuals in lab coats – it’s like a tapestry woven with biology and technology. Apart from improving the quality of life overall, the biotechnology field works towards improving industries like medicine, agriculture, and environmental conservation.

If you’re a student looking to make a career in this field, you will have a wide range of career options in biotechnology. In this article, we’ll cover different jobs in the biotechnology field, the average salaries, and the top recruiters for biotechnology.

Why Choose Biotechnology? 

Biotechnology is an exciting and rewarding field to pursue, with its boundless potential to solve problems and improve human life. From formulating medicines to studying genetic data, this field makes it extremely exciting and promising. 

According to the Bureau of Labour Statistics, an estimated 5,700 jobs for a biochemist should open up between 2021-2030. However, a biochemist is just one of the many jobs in biotechnology, there are many more projections based on the pace at which the biotechnology is growing for different categories.

The list below will help you understand the roles of the top career opportunities in biotechnology.  

Specializations in the Field of Biotechnology 

Before exploring various biotechnology job opportunities, you will have to understand the specializations offered in a biotech course.Choose a preferable area of study to specialize in before entering the real world:

Medical Biotechnology 

This specialization includes using technology to develop medicines involving drug testing on the living organisms to enhance the healthcare sector. 

As a student, you will learn the process of the production of drugs. Additionally, you will learn about genetic testing and the predispositions to diseases. 

Industrial Biotechnology 

This specialization refers to the application of biotechnology in the industrial sector, which utilizes components like enzymes and microorganisms to manufacture biotech products. These products include bioplastics for food packing, which plays a major role in combating climate change.

Environmental Biotechnology 

This area of study makes use of biological processes to improve the environment. It includes using bacteria to break down the impurities or pollutants in the soil and enhance the quality of water.

With this specialization, students learn to use biotech principles to create sustainable solutions for the environment.

Marine Biotechnology 

Marine biotechnology, also known as blue technology, refers to using marine organisms to produce medical drugs and other useful products. Additionally, it also deals with the improvement in the quality of seafood and advancements in aquaculture. 


Bioinformatics involves collecting and studying DNA data to find solutions to any medical conditions. With the advancements in technology today, it becomes easier to read such large amounts of data. 

Top Career Opportunities in Biotechnology

Biotechnology has revolutionized the healthcare sector and has improved the environment for the better. You can choose from plenty of biotechnology job opportunities that complement your skills. Here are the top career options in biotechnology today:


A biotechnologist works to create new biological inventions after analyzing organisms and their processes. As a biotechnologist, you will also have the opportunity to work with biomedical researchers and pharmacologists.


Biochemists study the physical and chemical properties of cells and their growth process. As a biochemist, you will also have to record the reactions of the cells and write research papers.

The main aim of a biochemist is to develop more effective medicines by understanding cells on a molecular level. 

Biomedical Engineer 

A biomedical engineer is responsible for developing, testing, and maintaining tools and equipment that aid patient diagnoses, like biosensors and immunotherapy injections.

Research Scientists 

Apart from their white lab coats, research scientists conduct experiments to collect data. You can specialize in medical, environmental, or agricultural biotech as a research scientist.

Additionally, a research scientist studies the chemical composition of organisms and the growth process. The main aim of this study is to understand the effect a particular food or medicine has on the human body.


A microbiologist’s job role requires you to study the environment in which the bacteria thrive to develop medicines and vaccines to fight disease-causing bacteria.

DNA Analyst

As a DNA analyst, your responsibilities include studying body fluids or tissues to gather genetic information. This can also include pregnancy tests.

Another one of the many career options in biotechnology is the role of a forensic DNA analyst. The responsibilities of this job role include working with law enforcement. 

As a forensic DNA analyst, you will need to test and provide crucial information on the evidence found at the crime scene. 

Top Recruiters in the Field of Biotechnology 

There might be a plethora of highest-paying jobs in the biotechnology field. However, sometimes it becomes difficult for you to find the best company. 

Therefore, we have created a list of some of the top recruiters for biotechnologists in the United States:

  • Siemens Healthineers
  • Organogenesis 
  • Helix
  • Arvinas
  • Element Biosciences
  • Vikor Scientific  

Exploring Salaries in the Field of Biotechnology 

In 2023, the United States witnessed a 2.7% employment growth in the biotechnology industry. This is a booming sector in the US for students planning on starting their careers in biotech. 

Here are some of the top biotechnology job salaries:

Job Role 


BiotechnologistUSD 81,838
BiochemistUSD 75,341
Marine BiologistUSD 59,136
Research ScientistUSD 122,441
MicrobiologistUSD 57,811
DNA AnalystUSD 53,061

Source: Glassdoor


The field of biotechnology opens the door to a world of scientific innovations and never-ending possibilities. You won't be disappointed if you’re a student looking to enter this diverse field. 

From studying medicines to improving the environment, you can find the most suitable job role that complements your strengths. 

By understanding biotechnology and its various career options, you can embark on a journey of discovery that can transform lives.

Neha Uppal

Sr. Content editor

Neha Uppal is a passionate content creator and editor. She carries 7.5+ years of experience working with leading edutech companies where she worked as a Faculty, Community Manager, and Content Marketeer. At upGrad, she is helping out people keep informed about the scopes and opportunities of studying abroad via informational articles/blogs.

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