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Exploring the Future of the World's Language: IELTS Reading Passage with Questions & Answers

Updated on 06 February, 2024

Pragya Sharma

Pragya Sharma

Sr. Content Editor

Exploring the Future of the World's Language Reading Passage

Language is not just a medium of communication but the very fabric that weaves together societies and cultures. As globalization tightens its grip on the world, the future of how we communicate becomes a subject of much curiosity and speculation. In this exploration, we delve into the linguistic trends that may shape the future of the world's language.

The phenomenon of a global lingua franca is not new. Throughout history, languages such as Latin, French, and Arabic have served this purpose in various regions and eras. However, the rapid pace of technological advancements and the unprecedented interconnectedness of the 21st century have brought us to the cusp of a new linguistic era.

Currently, English holds the title of the global lingua franca, a position solidified by its dominance in international business, science, and popular culture. But the tides of language are ever-shifting. Mandarin Chinese, with its over a billion native speakers, and the growing economic power of China, is a potential contender for the linguistic throne. Spanish, too, burgeons in influence, with its widespread use across the Americas and growing communities of speakers worldwide.

Technological advancements are also shaping linguistic futures. Translation technology and real-time interpretation services are becoming increasingly sophisticated, suggesting a future where language barriers are effortlessly bridged. The rise of artificial intelligence could see us communicating through universally understood translations, with our native tongues remaining intact.

Yet, some linguists caution against a utopian view of universal understanding. They warn of the risk of language death, as smaller languages succumb to the dominance of a few global giants. This loss could be the loss of cultural heritage and diversity, the value of which is impossible to quantify.

As we look to the future, we must ask ourselves: will we see the rise of a single, unifying world language? Or will technological innovation allow for the preservation and celebration of linguistic diversity? Only time will tell, but the quest to understand where we are heading linguistically is a journey that transcends mere communication—it is about understanding our very identity as inhabitants of an increasingly connected world.


Q1. What language currently holds the status of the global lingua franca?

A. Mandarin Chinese

B. English

C. Spanish

D. Arabic

Q2. Fill in the blank: The risk of language death is that many smaller languages might _______ to the dominance of a few widespread languages.

(succumb / evolve / flourish)

Q3. True or False: Real-time interpretation services are diminishing, making language barriers more challenging.

Q4. Multiple-choice: Which country's economic power is making its language a potential global lingua franca?

A. United States

B. India

C. China

D. Spain

Q5. Fill in the blank: Technological advancements suggest a future where language barriers are _______ bridged.

(easily / rarely / never)

Q6. True or False: English is the native language of over a billion people.

Q7. Multiple-choice: What is NOT a reason for English's dominance as a global language?

A. Its use in popular culture

B. Its simplicity and ease of learning

C. Its use in international business

D. Its use in science

Q8. Fill in the blank: The loss of smaller languages could lead to the loss of _______ heritage and diversity.

(cultural / natural / technological)

Q9. True or False: Translation technology is becoming less sophisticated with time.

Q10. Multiple-choice: What does the rise of AI suggest for future communication?

A. Decrease in global communication

B. Use of a single unifying language

C. Communication through universally understood translations

D. End of all language learning


A1. B. English

English is recognized as the current global lingua franca due to its widespread use in key domains.

A2. succumb

Smaller languages may succumb or give way to dominant languages, leading to concerns about language death.

A3. False

Interpretation services are improving, which helps to overcome language barriers.

A4. C. China

China's growing economic power makes Mandarin Chinese a strong candidate for global lingua franca.

A5. easily

Advancements suggest a future where overcoming language barriers could become a routine task.

A6. False

While English is widely spoken, it is not the native language of over a billion people.

A7. B. Its simplicity and ease of learning

English is not necessarily dominant because of its simplicity, as it's considered challenging for learners.

A8. cultural

The loss of smaller languages is feared to potentially lead to the loss of cultural heritage.

A9. False

Translation technology is becoming more advanced, not less.

A10. C. Communication through universally understood translations

The rise of AI could lead to communication through translations that everyone can understand, without learning new languages.

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Pragya Sharma

Sr. Content Editor

Pragya Sharma is a content developer and marketer with 6.5+ years of experience in the education industry. She started her career as a social media copywriter for NIELIT, Ministry of Electronics & IT, and has now scaled up as a 360-degree content professional well-versed with the intricacies of digital marketing and different forms of content used to drive and hook the target audience. She is also a co-author of 2 stories in an anthology based on the theme- women empowerment.

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