Explore Courses

Trans Fatty Acids Uncovered: IELTS Reading Passage with Questions & Answers

Updated on 06 November, 2023

Kanika Pruthi

Kanika Pruthi

Sr. Content Writer & Study Abroad Expert

Trans fatty acids, commonly known as trans fats, are a type of unsaturated fat that occur in small amounts in nature but are also artificially created during food processing. For IELTS aspirants, understanding complex topics such as trans fats is crucial, not only for enhancing reading skills but also for preparing to tackle a range of topics that may arise in the exam. This article will explore the nature of trans fatty acids, their impact on health, and their presence in our diet, providing a comprehensive passage for IELTS reading practice.

Trans Fatty Acids: A Closer Look

Trans fats can be found naturally at low levels in meat and dairy products from ruminant animals such as cows and sheep. However, artificial trans fats are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid. This process is known as partial hydrogenation.

For many years, trans fats were a staple in various food products due to their ability to improve taste and texture and extend shelf life. Common sources of artificial trans fats include margarine, snack food, packaged baked goods, and some types of cooking oils and spreads.

The Health Implications of Trans Fats

The consumption of trans fats is associated with an increased risk of heart disease. They are known to raise levels of 'bad' LDL cholesterol while also lowering 'good' HDL cholesterol in the blood. The World Health Organization has recommended that trans fat intake be reduced to less than 1% of total energy intake to minimize health risks.

In response to these health concerns, many food manufacturers have reduced or eliminated trans fats from their products. Additionally, several countries have implemented restrictions or bans on trans fats in food products.

Questions & Answers:

1. Multiple Choice: Trans fatty acids are:

A. A type of carbohydrate

B. Saturated fats

C. Unsaturated fats

D. Proteins

Answer: C. Unsaturated fats

2. Fill in the Blanks: Artificial trans fats are created by adding hydrogen to ______ oils.

Answer: vegetable

3. True or False: Trans fats can extend the shelf life of food products.

Answer: True

4. Multiple Choice: Natural trans fats are found in:

A. All meat products

B. Only plant-based oils

C. Ruminant animals

D. Artificial food colorings

Answer: C. Ruminant animals

5. Fill in the Blanks: Trans fats increase 'bad' ______ cholesterol and decrease 'good' ______ cholesterol.




6. Multiple Choice: The recommended trans fat intake by the World Health Organization is less than:

A. 1% of total energy intake

B. 5% of total energy intake

C. 10% of total energy intake

D. 20% of total energy intake

Answer: A. 1% of total energy intake

7. True or False: There are no natural sources of trans fatty acids.

Answer: False

8. Multiple Choice: Which process is used to create artificial trans fats?

A. Oxidation

B. Hydrogenation

C. Fermentation

D. Hydrolysis

Answer: B. Hydrogenation

9. Fill in the Blanks: The WHO recommends reducing trans fat intake to minimize the risk of _______.

Answer: heart disease

10. Multiple Choice: Bans on trans fats in food products have been implemented by:

A. Only the United States

B. Only European countries

C. Several countries worldwide

D. No countries

Answer: C. Several countries worldwide

Understanding trans fats and their implications on health is a multifaceted topic, encompassing biochemistry, nutrition, and public health policy. This passage provides IELTS learners with a scientific subject matter that is accessible and relevant, aiding in the development of reading skills required for academic success. The questions, designed in various formats, test comprehension and retention, key skills for the IELTS reading module.

Kanika Pruthi

Sr. Content Writer & Study Abroad Expert

Kanika has 5+ years of experience as a writer and content developer. She has written for a wide range of industry verticals, including hospitality, restaurants, non-profits, finance, IT, HR, technology, payroll, and education. She has worked as a creator for a few leading companies and has also helped brands grow through her creative writing.

See More

Need help for IELTS exam? Fill up your details below and we'll call you back.