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The Power of Gravitation: A Silent Force - IELTS Reading Passage with Questions & Answers

Updated on 07 November, 2023

Akansha Semwal

Akansha Semwal

Sr. Content Writer & Study Abroad Expert

The Power of Gravitation: A Silent Force Reading Passage

Gravity: it is the invisible force that holds our universe together, binding galaxies, stars, planets, and even the path of the light itself. Yet, despite its omnipresence and fundamental nature, gravity remains one of the least understood forces in the cosmos. It is a silent force, one that does not announce its presence with a flash or a bang but is undeniable all the same.

The understanding of gravity has evolved significantly since the days when Sir Isaac Newton first formulated his laws of motion and universal gravitation. Newtonian physics described gravity as a force that acts instantaneously across distance, a mysterious pull that kept planets in orbit and caused apples to fall from trees. But this understanding was revolutionized by Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity, which redefined gravity not as a force but as a curvature of spacetime caused by mass and energy.

Einstein's theory posited that massive objects like the sun warp the fabric of spacetime around them, and it is this warping that we perceive as gravity. This new perspective has passed rigorous tests, from the bending of light by the sun to the precise orbit of Mercury, and it underpins our current understanding of many cosmic phenomena, including black holes and the expansion of the universe.

Yet, gravity is not just a concern of astrophysicists pondering the heavens. It impacts our everyday lives, from the water flowing down the mountains to the stability of our very atmosphere. It is gravity that allows us to walk firmly on the ground and dictates the flight of a ball thrown into the air.

The Earth's gravity is also responsible for the tides, the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the gravitational interactions between Earth and the Moon. Tidal forces are essential in moderating the global climate and have been harnessed for electricity generation in tidal power stations.

Moreover, gravity plays a critical role in human health. Astronauts in space, away from Earth's gravitational pull, experience muscle atrophy and bone loss, demonstrating how essential gravity is for our physiological well-being.

Despite its critical role, gravity is remarkably weak compared to other fundamental forces. The electromagnetic force, for instance, is vastly stronger; it's the reason why a small magnet can lift a paperclip against the entire Earth's gravitational pull. Scientists continue to probe the enigma of gravity, with experiments on the International Space Station and observations from gravitational wave observatories, seeking to uncover the secrets of this silent force that shapes our existence.



Q1. According to Newtonian physics, how did gravity act?

A) As a wave through spacetime

B) Instantaneously across distance

C) Through the emission of particles

D) As a result of dark energy

Q2. Fill in the blank: Einstein's theory redefined gravity as a curvature of _______ caused by mass and energy.

Q3. True or False: Einstein's theory of general relativity has failed the test regarding the orbit of Mercury.

Q4. What earthly phenomenon is caused by the gravitational interaction between Earth and the Moon?

A) Earthquakes

B) Volcanic eruptions

C) Tides

D) Wind currents

Q5. Fill in the blank: Astronauts in space experience ______ due to the absence of Earth's gravitational pull.

Q6. Which force is stronger than gravity?

A) Nuclear force

B) Weak force

C) Electromagnetic force

D) All of the above

Q7. True or False: Gravity is essential for the stability of Earth's atmosphere.

Q8. Fill in the blank: Gravity allows us to ______ on the ground.

Q9. What is NOT a consequence of gravity mentioned in the passage?

A) The path of light is bent.

B) Apples fall from trees.

C) It causes radioactivity.

D) It influences the flight of a ball.

Q10. True or False: The electromagnetic force is weaker than gravity, which is why magnets can lift objects like paperclips.



A1. B) Instantaneously across distance

A2. Spacetime

A3. False

A4. C) Tides

A5. Muscle atrophy and bone loss

A6. C) Electromagnetic force

A7. True

A8. Walk firmly

A9. C) It causes radioactivity.

A10. False

This detailed exploration of gravity is designed to pique learners' curiosity and provide a deep dive into a topic that exemplifies the beauty of physics, making it an ideal IELTS reading passage. The questions test a range of reading comprehension skills, from factual recall to the application of information presented in the passage.

Akansha Semwal

Sr. Content Writer & Study Abroad Expert

Akansha Semwal is a content marketer at upGrad and has also worked as a social media marketer & sub-editor. Experienced in creating impressive Statement of Purpose, Essays, and LOR, she knows how to captivate the attention of Admissions Committee. Her research-driven;study-abroad articles helps aspirants to make the prudent decision. She holds a bachelor's & master's degree in Literature from the University of Delhi.

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