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The Evolution of New Agriculture in Oregon, US: IELTS Reading Passage with Questions & Answers

Updated on 07 February, 2024

Anupriya Mukherjee

Anupriya Mukherjee

Sr. Content Writer

The Evolution of New Agriculture in Oregon, US Reading Passage:

The state of Oregon, nestled in the Pacific Northwest of the United States, is witnessing a revolutionary shift in its agricultural landscape. Known for its diverse climate and fertile soils, Oregon has long been a haven for traditional farming practices. However, a new wave of agriculture is taking root, driven by technological innovation, sustainable methods, and a burgeoning organic movement.

In the Willamette Valley, where the soil teems with life, farmers are adopting precision agriculture techniques. Drones buzz overhead, mapping fields to analyze soil composition and plant health, directing farmers to precisely tailor their water and nutrient application. This minimizes waste and increases crop yields, all while reducing the environmental footprint.

Oregon's commitment to sustainable farming goes beyond the land and into the realm of water conservation. The state's innovative water reclamation projects turn wastewater into a resource for crop irrigation, ensuring that every drop is used judiciously in a region where water scarcity is a growing concern.

The organic movement in Oregon is not just a trend; it's a return to the roots with a modern twist. Organic farms are flourishing, with a focus on crop diversity, soil health, and natural pest control methods. These farms are sanctuaries for biodiversity, supporting pollinators like bees and butterflies, and providing habitats for beneficial insects and wildlife.

The integration of technology with traditional farming practices in Oregon is creating a blueprint for the future of agriculture—a future that is sustainable, productive, and harmonious with the planet.


Q1. What is the primary focus of the new wave of agriculture in Oregon?

A. Implementing ancient farming techniques

B. Increasing the use of chemical fertilizers

C. Embracing technological innovation

D. Expanding urban development

Q2. Fill in the blank: In the Willamette Valley, drones are used to map fields and analyze ________.

Q3. True or False: Oregon's new agricultural practices have increased the environmental footprint.

Q4. Which region in Oregon is known for its diverse climate and fertile soils?

A. Rogue Valley

B. Columbia Plateau

C. Willamette Valley

D. High Desert

Q5. Fill in the blank: Oregon's water reclamation projects turn ________ into a resource for crop irrigation.

Q6. True or False: The organic movement in Oregon focuses on monoculture crops.

Q7. What is the main benefit of crop diversity in organic farming?

A. It enhances the taste of the crops

B. It supports biodiversity

C. It simplifies the farming process

D. It increases reliance on pesticides

Q8. Fill in the blank: Organic farms in Oregon provide habitats for ________ and beneficial insects.

Q9. True or False: Precision agriculture in Oregon leads to a decrease in water and nutrient application accuracy.

Q10. Which of the following is not a characteristic of Oregon's new agriculture?

A. Drone technology

B. Water conservation

C. Increased pesticide use

D. Crop diversity



A1. C. Embracing technological innovation

Explanation: The passage mentions that new agriculture is driven by technological innovation.

A2. (soil composition, plant health)

Explanation: Drones are specified as tools for mapping fields to analyze these factors.

A3. False

Explanation: The new agricultural practices are aimed at reducing the environmental footprint.

A4. C. Willamette Valley

Explanation: The passage identifies Willamette Valley as having fertile soils and diverse climates.

A5. (wastewater)

Explanation: Water reclamation projects in Oregon focus on using wastewater for irrigation.

A6. False

Explanation: The organic movement emphasizes crop diversity, not monoculture.

A7. B. It supports biodiversity

Explanation: Crop diversity is highlighted as a way to support pollinators and biodiversity.

A8. (pollinators)

Explanation: Organic farms are mentioned as sanctuaries for pollinators.

A9. False

Explanation: Precision agriculture is designed to increase the efficiency of resource application.

A10. C. Increased pesticide use

Explanation: The new agriculture in Oregon is characterized by natural pest control methods, not increased pesticide use.

This IELTS reading passage and the accompanying questions serve as a microcosm of the type of material you may encounter on the actual exam. By delving into the topic of Oregon's pioneering agricultural practices, you not only broaden your general knowledge but also hone your ability to dissect and comprehend complex texts. Utilizing the provided questions and explanations, you can sharpen your critical reading skills and learn how to extract key information efficiently—an essential skill for achieving a high band score on the IELTS. This passage, with its focus on sustainability and innovation, also gives you a glimpse into real-world issues that are increasingly relevant in global conversations, preparing you to engage thoughtfully and fluently in any discussion.

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Anupriya Mukherjee

Sr. Content Writer

Anupriya Mukherjee is a passion-driven professional working as a Content Marketer and earlier worked as a Digital Marketeer. With around 6 years of work experience, she has experience creating high-quality, engaging content for websites, blogs, news articles, video scripts, brochures, and ebooks.

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