Explore Courses

Exploring Therapeutic Jurisprudence: IELTS Reading Passage with Questions & Answers

Updated on 08 November, 2023

Kanika Pruthi

Kanika Pruthi

Sr. Content Writer & Study Abroad Expert

Therapeutic Jurisprudence: The Healing Role of Law Reading Passage

In the intricate tapestry of the legal system, there exists a concept that transcends the traditional punitive framework, seeking instead to heal—therapeutic jurisprudence. This principle posits that the law should act as a therapeutic agent. The philosophy behind therapeutic jurisprudence is to ensure that legal proceedings and laws have a positive psychological effect on individuals involved in legal disputes.

David Wexler and Bruce Winick, the pioneers of this concept, argued that the law's role is not only to resolve conflicts but also to improve the emotional well-being of people. It suggests that every legal interaction, from legislation to courtroom procedures, has the potential to contribute to the psychological health or distress of those involved.

Therapeutic jurisprudence examines how legal rules, procedures, and roles of legal actors such as judges and lawyers can be designed to enhance the psychological well-being of all participants. It calls for legal outcomes that offer emotional and psychological benefits without compromising justice and due process.

For example, specialized courts such as drug courts, mental health courts, and domestic violence courts apply the principles of therapeutic jurisprudence. They aim to address the underlying problems that contribute to criminal behavior, such as addiction or mental illness, thereby preventing future crimes and reducing recidivism.

The application of therapeutic jurisprudence can be seen in alternative dispute resolution methods like mediation and restorative justice, where the focus is on healing and resolution rather than punishment. It emphasizes a compassionate and empathetic approach to justice, which respects the dignity of all individuals involved.


Q1. Who were the pioneers of therapeutic jurisprudence?

A. David Wexler and Bruce Winick

B. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung

C. Richard Posner and Antonin Scalia

D. David Boies and Theodore Olson

Q2. Therapeutic jurisprudence primarily aims to ______.

A. punish offenders

B. facilitate healing

C. ignore traditional laws

D. focus on retribution

Q3. True or False: Therapeutic jurisprudence compromises justice and due process to provide psychological benefits.

A. True

B. False

Q4. Which type of specialized court is an example of therapeutic jurisprudence in action?

A. Tax Court

B. Traffic Court

C. Drug Court

D. Corporate Law Court

Q5. Fill in the blanks: Therapeutic jurisprudence calls for legal outcomes that offer ______ and ______ benefits.

Q6. Therapeutic jurisprudence is closely associated with which of the following?

A. Traditional punitive framework

B. Restorative justice

C. Legal formalism

D. Strict constructionism

Q7. Fill in the blanks: Mediation is a form of ______ that aligns with the principles of therapeutic jurisprudence.

Q8. True or False: The goal of therapeutic jurisprudence is to encourage future criminal behavior and increase recidivism.

A. True

B. False

Q9. The psychological well-being of participants in legal processes is a secondary concern in therapeutic jurisprudence.

A. True

B. False

Q10. Restorative justice, as an application of therapeutic jurisprudence, focuses on ______.

A. revenge

B. healing

C. imprisonment

D. fines


A1. A. David Wexler and Bruce Winick

Explanation: David Wexler and Bruce Winick are recognized as the founders of therapeutic jurisprudence.

A2. B. facilitate healing

Explanation: Therapeutic jurisprudence aims to heal by ensuring legal processes contribute positively to the well-being of individuals.

A3. B. False

Explanation: Therapeutic jurisprudence does not compromise justice and due process but seeks to complement them with psychological benefits.

A4. C. Drug Court

Explanation: Drug Courts apply therapeutic jurisprudence principles by addressing underlying issues of criminal behavior.

A5. A. emotional, psychological

Explanation: The concept promotes legal outcomes that are beneficial to the emotional and psychological state of the participants.

A6. B. Restorative justice

Explanation: Therapeutic jurisprudence aligns with restorative justice, focusing on healing and resolution.

A7. A. alternative dispute resolution

Explanation: Mediation is a form of alternative dispute resolution that embodies therapeutic jurisprudence's goals.

A8. B. False

Explanation: The goal is to prevent future crimes and reduce recidivism, not encourage them.

A9. B. False

Explanation: Therapeutic jurisprudence considers the psychological well-being of legal participants as a primary focus.

A10. B. healing

Explanation: Restorative justice emphasizes healing and reparation over punishment and revenge.

Kanika Pruthi

Sr. Content Writer & Study Abroad Expert

Kanika has 5+ years of experience as a writer and content developer. She has written for a wide range of industry verticals, including hospitality, restaurants, non-profits, finance, IT, HR, technology, payroll, and education. She has worked as a creator for a few leading companies and has also helped brands grow through her creative writing.

See More