Explore Courses

Exploring Children's Thinking: IELTS Reading Passage with Questions & Answers

Updated on 06 December, 2023

Kanika Pruthi

Kanika Pruthi

Sr. Content Writer & Study Abroad Expert

Exploring Children's Thinking Reading Passage:

The intricacies of children's thinking have long fascinated psychologists, educators, and parents alike. Cognitive development in children unfolds through a series of stages, each characterized by unique thinking patterns and learning behaviors. This passage delves into the various theories and observations made by experts in the field, exploring how children perceive, interact with, and make sense of the world around them.

From Piaget’s stages of cognitive development to Vygotsky’s social interactionist theory, we unravel the complex processes that underpin a child's intellectual growth. We examine the milestones of language acquisition, the emergence of problem-solving skills, and the ability of children to form abstract concepts.

As children grow, their cognitive abilities expand in remarkable ways. They begin to engage in symbolic play, using objects to represent different realities, and start to understand the concept of cause and effect. Their curious minds question relentlessly, driving them to explore and interact with their environment in a constant learning process.

Understanding children’s thinking is not only crucial for those involved in child development but also serves as an enlightening topic for IELTS test-takers, enriching their knowledge and vocabulary. This passage, along with the following questions and answers, aims to provide a comprehensive reading exercise for IELTS candidates, helping them to sharpen their analytical skills and prepare for the type of reading comprehension tasks they may encounter in the exam.


Q1. According to Piaget, cognitive development in children occurs in ______ stages.

(A) fixed

(B) random

(C) predictable

(D) unlimited

Q2. Fill in the blank: Vygotsky's theory emphasizes the role of _______ in the cognitive development of children.

Q3. True or False: Children use objects in symbolic play to represent only what they have personally experienced.

Q4. What is the term used to describe the developmental milestone where children understand the concept of cause and effect?

(A) Concrete operational

(B) Preoperational

(C) Sensory-motor

(D) Formal operational

Q5. Fill in the blank: Language acquisition in children is a(n) _______ that involves several milestones.

Q6. True or False: Problem-solving skills in children develop after they have fully mastered language.

Q7. At what stage do children begin to engage in symbolic play?

(A) Infancy

(B) Toddlerhood

(C) Preschool

(D) Adolescence

Q8. Fill in the blank: The ability to form _______ concepts is a significant step in cognitive development.

Q9. True or False: Children's questions about their environment indicate a passive learning process.

Q10. Which theory suggests that children learn through interaction with their environment?

(A) Piaget’s stages of development

(B) Vygotsky’s social interactionist theory

(C) Skinner’s behaviorist theory

(D) Freud’s psychosexual stages



A1. (C) predictable

Explanation: Piaget's theory outlines specific, predictable stages through which children's cognitive development progresses.

A2. social interaction

Explanation: Vygotsky’s theory posits that social interaction plays a fundamental role in the development of cognition.

A3. False

Explanation: Symbolic play allows children to represent all sorts of realities, not limited to their personal experiences.

A4. (A) Concrete operational

Explanation: The concrete operational stage is where children grasp the concept of cause and effect.

A5. process

Explanation: Language acquisition is indeed a process that encompasses a series of developmental milestones.

A6. False

Explanation: Problem-solving skills develop alongside language, and both can enhance each other.

A7. (C) Preschool

Explanation: Symbolic play often emerges during the preschool years.

A8. abstract

Explanation: Abstract thinking is a key cognitive ability that develops as children grow.

A9. False

Explanation: Children’s questions signify an active engagement with their learning environment.

A10. (B) Vygotsky’s social interactionist theory

Explanation: Vygotsky’s theory emphasizes the importance of environmental interaction in learning and development.

This reading passage and its accompanying questions are meticulously crafted to provide IELTS test-takers with a comprehensive understanding of children's cognitive development, a topic rich in both complexity and vocabulary. By engaging with the material, students can deepen their comprehension skills and enhance their ability to analyze and synthesize information—key competencies for the IELTS reading section. The provided questions and explanations serve to clarify any ambiguities and reinforce knowledge, ensuring test-takers are well-prepared for the variety of passages they will encounter in their IELTS journey.

Download E-Books for IELTS Preparation


Kanika Pruthi

Sr. Content Writer & Study Abroad Expert

Kanika has 5+ years of experience as a writer and content developer. She has written for a wide range of industry verticals, including hospitality, restaurants, non-profits, finance, IT, HR, technology, payroll, and education. She has worked as a creator for a few leading companies and has also helped brands grow through her creative writing.

See More