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Climate Change and the Inuit: IELTS Reading Passage with Questions & Answers

Updated on 06 December, 2023

Kanika Pruthi

Kanika Pruthi

Sr. Content Writer & Study Abroad Expert

Climate Change and the Inuit Reading Passage:

The Inuit people, native to the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska, have witnessed firsthand the profound impacts of climate change on their centuries-old way of life. As stewards of the polar landscape, the Inuit's intimate knowledge of the land and sea is a testament to their resilience and resourcefulness in one of Earth's most extreme environments.

Climate change, however, poses an unprecedented threat. Rising temperatures have resulted in reduced sea ice coverage, affecting the Inuit's traditional hunting grounds. This not only hampers their ability to gather food but also endangers their culture, which is deeply intertwined with the ability to hunt and fish. The Inuit rely on species like seals, polar bears, and caribou, which are now facing habitat alterations due to the warming climate.

Moreover, the thawing permafrost and eroding coastlines disrupt the integrity of the land on which their homes and communities are built. The changes are so drastic that some Inuit villages are considering relocation, an undertaking that is both costly and culturally disheartening.

The Inuit have become active voices in global discussions on climate policy, emphasizing the urgent need for sustainable action. Their observations and traditional knowledge contribute valuable insights into the environmental shifts occurring in the Arctic. By sharing their experiences, they highlight the broader implications of a warming world, not only for the polar regions but for the planet as a whole.

As the international community grapples with the challenges of climate change, the story of the Inuit serves as a powerful reminder of the human cost of environmental upheaval. It is a narrative that combines the struggle for survival with a plea for global awareness and cooperation.



Q1. The Inuit are indigenous people native to which regions?

A. The Sahara Desert

B. The Amazon Rainforest

C. The Arctic regions

D. The Australian Outback

Q2. What has been a significant consequence of climate change on the Inuit way of life?

A. Increased land fertility

B. Reduced sea ice coverage

C. More stable weather patterns

D. Decreased traditional knowledge

Q3. Fill in the blank: The Inuit culture is deeply connected with their ability to _______.

Q4. True or False: Thawing permafrost does not affect the land where the Inuit’s homes are built.

Q5. What are the Inuit people considering due to the environmental changes?

A. Expanding their hunting grounds

B. Relocation of their villages

C. Building more resilient ice homes

D. Investing in agricultural developments

Q6. Fill in the blank: The Inuit have become active voices in global discussions on _______.

Q7. True or False: The traditional knowledge of the Inuit is of little value to global discussions on climate change.

Q8. What does the Inuit's struggle highlight about the broader implications of climate change?

A. The importance of cultural preservation

B. The need for improved technology

C. The potential for economic growth

D. The human cost of environmental change

Q9. Fill in the blank: Some species the Inuit rely on, such as _______, are facing habitat alterations due to warming climates.

Q10. True or False: The narrative of the Inuit emphasizes the need for isolated action rather than global cooperation in addressing climate change.



A1. C. The Arctic regions

Explanation: The passage specifies that the Inuit are native to the Arctic regions.

A2. B. Reduced sea ice coverage

Explanation: The passage indicates that reduced sea ice coverage affects the Inuit's hunting grounds.

A3. (hunt and fish)

Explanation: Hunting and fishing are mentioned as crucial aspects of Inuit culture.

A4. False

Explanation: The passage clearly states that thawing permafrost disrupts the land where Inuit homes are built.

A5. B. Relocation of their villages

Explanation: The passage mentions that Inuit villages are considering relocation due to climate change.

A6. (climate policy)

Explanation: The passage describes the Inuit's involvement in global climate policy discussions.

A7. False

Explanation: The Inuit's traditional knowledge is portrayed as valuable to the global discourse on climate change.

A8. D. The human cost of environmental change

Explanation: The passage underscores the human cost and global awareness as key implications of climate change.

A9. (seals, polar bears, and caribou)

Explanation: The passage lists these species as those the Inuit rely on, which are now facing habitat changes.

A10. False

Explanation: The Inuit's story calls for global awareness and cooperation, contrary to isolated action.

In preparing for the IELTS, engaging with complex topics such as climate change and its impact on indigenous populations can significantly enhance your comprehension and speaking abilities. This article not only provides a rich passage for practice but also offers a diverse set of questions to help you anticipate and prepare for the variety of question types you may encounter in the exam. By studying passages like this, you gain not just language proficiency, but a deeper understanding of global issues, enriching your educational journey and empowering you to contribute thoughtfully to important conversations.


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Kanika Pruthi

Sr. Content Writer & Study Abroad Expert

Kanika has 5+ years of experience as a writer and content developer. She has written for a wide range of industry verticals, including hospitality, restaurants, non-profits, finance, IT, HR, technology, payroll, and education. She has worked as a creator for a few leading companies and has also helped brands grow through her creative writing.

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