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Master GMAT Problem Solving: Sample Questions with Answers

Updated on 16 October, 2023

Pragya Sharma

Pragya Sharma

Sr. Content Editor

Do you know GMATTM problem solving questions encompasses more than half of the questions asked in the Quantitative section which means mastering this section can go a long way in improving your percentile and land you to your dream B-school. In order to excel in this section, you need strong analytical abilities and out of the box thinking. Even top business schools desire flexible and creative problem solvers and not just mathematical wizards. Hence, the core foundation of GMAT problem solving is adopting a unique and logical approach toward seemingly complex mathematical questions. In this article, we have covered the tips and tricks to master the problem solving questions along with samples for you to take reference from and start your practice.

GMAT Problem Solving Questions

The problem solving questions are included in the Quantitative Reasoning section, which has 31 questions. The total time limit for this GMAT section is 62 minutes. It has two question types, namely Data Sufficiency and Problem Solving. 

Both question types require advanced knowledge of algebra, arithmetic, and geometrical concepts. However, they prioritize logical and analytical abilities, not only mathematical brilliance. Problem solving questions measure your ability to leverage analytical and logical reasoning to solve quantitative problems by choosing the right one from five answer options. 

How to Master GMAT Problem Solving  

During GMAT problem solving practice, you should understand that these math questions do not aim solely to test your mathematical capabilities. Instead, GMAT problem solving is all about finding those who can creatively and logically solve problems while paying attention to the finer details. 

Here are some tips that will give you a better idea: 

  • Read between the lines- GMAT problem solving questions involve substantial trickery through the wording and other details. Paying attention to the finer nuances of the question is what you should practice. These are essentially multiple-choice mathematical questions that may deceive you into making mistakes. Focusing on this aspect is important to avoid errors in the Quantitative Reasoning section. The tiny details in a question can make all the difference, and you must practice identifying the primary solution required. 
  • Flexibility matters immensely- Personal flexibility will help you crack these questions better. You may leverage mathematical perspectives to problems, although conceptual or critical reasoning is also essential. Harnessing this flexibility requires practicing multiple ways of solving problems, including back-solving or choosing a number to solve the question and then working out whether it is correct. 
  • Thorough understanding of basic mathematical concepts- In the Quantitative section, you can never get the mathematical concepts out of the way. You should understand core concepts well before appearing for the examination. Completing official GMAT problems will help you better understand the concepts you need to master. 
  • Do not neglect the answer choices- Once you analyze the question, carefully examine the answer choices. They will influence your perspective on the question and your strategy for choosing one option. Are there any hints in the answers? Weigh them carefully before proceeding. 
  • Speed is essential- If one approach to solving a problem does not work, quickly shift to another strategy without wasting time. In many cases, the right approach only becomes visible once you get deeper into the problem. 
  • Pre-submission strategies-  Before you select the answer and choose Next, re-read the question, ensuring that you are answering the right question. Also, check whether the answer has a reward in it. This strategy will help you bypass false negatives or trick answers. 

Sample GMAT Problem Solving Questions With Answers 

You can look up sample questions across multiple sources for GMAT problem solving practice. A couple of examples are listed below for a better understanding:

Example 1

Example 1:

The answer choices are the following: 

  • A. $0.60
  • B. $0.70
  • C. $0.80
  • D. $0.90
  • E. $1.00 

Ans. B

Solution. The cumulative nature of the fine should not miss your eye. Hence, the fines for each day (till day four) will be the following- 

Day 1- $0.10 

Day 2- $0.10x2 (since doubling is the lower value) - $0.20

Day 3- $0.20x2 (since doubling is the lower value) - $0.40

Day 4- $0.4 + $0.30 (since doubling ensures a higher value) = $0.70

The correct answer is thus B. 

Example 2

Example 2

The answer choices are the following:

  • A. 1
  • B. 2
  • C. 4
  • D. 5
  • E. 6 

Ans. B

Solution. The worker carried 68 jugs (four per trip) after 17 trips. Every carton has seven jugs. Hence, 9 of them have been filled (9*7 = 63). There are now five jugs remaining and two more jugs will be needed to fill up another carton. Hence, the answer will be B. 


The famous saying- Practice makes perfect is what you should remember, while taking up GMAT problem solving questions. The more you practice solving these questions, the better your confidence levels are ahead of the examination. Watch out for minute details and what the question is looking for instead of going for the obvious mathematical calculation that is possible. With patience and dedication, you will start getting it right consistently! 

Related Articles:


What does a GMAT score of 750 mean?

A 750 score on GMAT equates to approximately the 98th percentile. Hence, scoring 750 on the examination means that a candidate has scored higher than 98% of aspirants. 

What is the hardest part of GMAT?

Most candidates find the Quantitative Reasoning section to be the toughest of all sections in the GMAT. It requires not only mathematical abilities, but also logical and analytical reasoning skills to solve diverse types of problems. 

Pragya Sharma

Sr. Content Editor

Pragya Sharma is a content developer and marketer with 6.5+ years of experience in the education industry. She started her career as a social media copywriter for NIELIT, Ministry of Electronics & IT, and has now scaled up as a 360-degree content professional well-versed with the intricacies of digital marketing and different forms of content used to drive and hook the target audience. She is also a co-author of 2 stories in an anthology based on the theme- women empowerment.

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