IELTS or International English language Testing System is a standardized examination that measures the English language proficiency of non-native English speakers. The writing section of the IELTS test has two tasks. The second task is an essay-writing test that has various question patterns like advantages/disadvantages, opinions, direct questions, and problem-solution questions. Problem solution essay in IELTS is the most common type of question in task 2.
In fact, it is considered to be the most challenging type of essay. In this type of essay, an issue will be given to you, and you need to discuss all the problems and possible solutions with regards to the issue.
To further understand these types of problem-solution essays topics of IELTS and learn essay writing skills, let us take a look at all the tips and essay samples. This would surely help in your plans to move abroad or study abroad.
Sample 1 on problem solution essay IELTS
Source: E2 IELTS
Sample 2 on problem solution essay IELTS
Tips to write a problem solution essay
- The word count of the task 2 essay is a minimum of 250 words. There is no upper word limit.
- You have 40 minutes to complete the essay writing task. The duration of time cannot be extended under any circumstances.
- The essay structure is divided into four parts for a problem-solution question – introduction, problem, solution, and conclusion. The introduction will have the opening lines and a complete overview of the entire essay. The problem part will have all the problems and the solution part will have the measures and solutions to the problem. The conclusion will have your opinion and summary.
- In a problem-solution essay, your focus should be on two things, problem and solution. You need to answer to yourself, what are the problems caused due to this and what are the measures that can reduce the problem or what are the possible solutions to handle the problems.
- Do not list the problems and solutions in bullet points. You need to simply state 2-3 problems and solutions, and expand your ideas and thoughts about them.
- Do not write problems and solutions that are not directly related to the question. For example, if you are asked about the problem caused due to overpopulation, you cannot write about problems caused by globalization.
- Identify the keywords, and relate them with problems and solutions about that keyword. For example, the keyword in the second sample is ‘elderly’, so focus on the problems caused to the elderly.
- Link problems to solutions while writing a problem solution essay in IELTS to score band 9. You may have amazing ideas for problems, but if you cannot link, it all goes wrong.
- Do not write solutions that do not look realistic.
- Paraphrasing is important. You need to increase the readability of the essay so that it urges the examiner to read the entire essay.
- The conclusion cannot have any new problem or new solution. It should be a summary of all that you have already stated in the entire essay. Choose the right words, to sum up, your essay within 4-5 lines.
- Use idioms wherever you feel necessary. Do understand the meaning and if it is relevant, only then place it.
- The essay should be grammatically correct. Make sure there are no errors with punctuation, spelling, verbs, adjectives, and tenses.
- Proofread your essay after you complete writing it. When you proofread you will be able to scan some minor or major grammatical errors. Keep 1-2 minutes, in the end, to proofread and do the needful.
- Do not write lengthy sentences. Instead, frame short and crisp sentences.
- Some questions will ask about reasons and solutions, and not problems and solutions. So, read the question very carefully before you start working on your essay.
- Answer all parts of the essay equally. If you answer one part and ignore the others, the essay will be incomplete.
- Keep the tone semi-formal. Do not use informal and personal words.
- Practice various problem solution essays so that you have an idea about attempting the question correctly. Practice both simple and advanced topics.
- If any fact or statistical data is being used, make sure they are valid. It cannot be hypothetical numbers. The examiners do cross-check when you write sentences like ‘ 58% of elderly are affected.’ It is better to avoid using facts if you are not aware of them.
- Use collocations, linking words, and phrases so that your essay is accurate and looks colorful.