The Graduate Management Admission Test or the GMAT exam pattern has four sections with different time limits. The exam structure covers four parts – quantitative reasoning, verbal reasoning, analytical writing assessment (AWA), and integrated reasoning. The AWA section of the GMAT exam structure contains an optional descriptive question. The remaining sections have MCQs (multiple choice questions).
Read More: Study Abroad after class 12th or graduation
GMAT exam format
The GMAT exam format includes the following parts:
1. GMAT Verbal Reasoning – 36 questions in 65 minutes
2. GMAT Quantitative Reasoning – 31 questions in 62 minutes
3. GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment – 1 Topic in 30 minutes
4. GMAT Integrated Reasoning – 12 questions in 30 minutes
The Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) tracks the ability of aspirants in terms of critical thinking, writing skills, and communication. Integrated Reasoning is about the abilities of aspirants to analyze data and evaluate data in various formats. Verbal Reasoning is about measuring the ability to evaluate and absorb content and arguments. Students will score higher with better abilities to correct data and to achieve a standard level of English.
Quantitative Reasoning tracks data analysis skills and the ability to offer conclusions based on reasoning. The Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC) came up with Select Section Order in July 2017 giving students more flexibility in customizing their examinations. Students can choose their preferred section order.
The available choices for GMAT exam structure include the following:
1. Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Verbal Reasoning
2. Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment
3. Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment
Another aspect to remember is that GMAT is a CAT (Computer Adaptive Test) and testing software will keep adapting to your examination performance. Hence, performance on every question will influence the difficulty threshold of the upcoming questions in the test. The score calculation accounts for the capability level and the difficulty of questions that you have correctly solved. It is not only the number of questions that you have correctly answered.
It applies only to the Quantitative Reasoning and Verbal Reasoning sections. AWA and IR are not adaptive sections. The initial questions in every section have medium-level difficulty for aspirants. Based on responses, you will start getting either easy or difficult questions. The composite result will account for difficulty levels of every question that you answered correctly/incorrectly. You can only view one question at a time. Hence, you must review your response before submitting it.
Read More: MIM vs MBA – Key Aspects worth knowing
GMAT Exam Pattern- Duration & Score
Here’s a brief look at the GMAT exam format, duration, type of questions, and the score threshold.
|Duration/Number of Questions||Type of Question||Desired Score Range|
|Analytical Writing Assessment||1 Topic (30 minutes)||Analysis of an Argument||0-6 (0.5-point increments)|
|Integrated Reasoning||12 questions (30 minutes)||Multi-Source Reasoning,||1-8 (1-point increments)|
|Quantitative||31 questions (62 minutes)||Data Sufficiency,||6-51 (1-point increments)|
|Verbal||36 questions (65 minutes)||Reading Comprehension,||6-51 (1-point increments)|
|Total Duration of Examination||3 hours 7 minutes|
Check the GMAT exam pattern carefully before you start preparing to take the test. A little research will go a long way towards helping you perform better in this crucial examination.